Human IL-27 Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Arg21-Lys229 (IL-27 EBI-3 subunit), Phe29-Pro243 (IL-27 p28 subunit)
Accession # Q14213 (EBI-3 subunit), AAM34498 (p28 subunit)
Human IL-27 Sandwich Immunoassay
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of Human IL‑27 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of MT-2 human T cell line and CHO Chinese hamster ovary cell line either mock transfected or transfected with human IL-27 p28/IL-27A. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human IL-27 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF2526) followed by Streptavidin-HRP (Catalog # DY998). Specific bands were detected for the IL-27 EBI3/IL-27B subunit at approximately 32 kDa and IL-27p28/IL27-A at approximately 28 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
IL-27 is a heterodimeric group 2 receptor ligand molecule that belongs to the IL-6/IL-12 family of long type I cytokines (1). It is composed of EBI3 (EBV-induced gene 3), also known as IL27B, a 34 kDa glycoprotein that is related to the p40 subunit of IL-12 and IL-23, and p28, also known as IL27A, the 28 kDa glycoprotein that is related to the p35 chain of IL-12 (2-4). The human EBI3 gene encodes a 229 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 20 aa signal peptide and 209 aa mature protein (5). The mature region contains two potential N-linked glycosylation sites, two fibronectin type III domains, and two pairs of conserved cysteine residues with a WSXWS-like motif that places the molecule in the hematopoietin receptor family (5). Although p40, the EBI3 counterpart in IL-12, is known to form homodimers, there is no evidence to date that EBI3 also homodimerizes. Human EBI3 is 61% aa identical to mouse EBI3. The human p28 gene encodes a 243 aa precursor that contains a 28 aa signal sequence and 215 aa mature region (6). The mature region is characterized by the presence of four alpha -helices, placing it in the IL-6 family of helical cytokines. Human p28 is 74% aa identical to mouse p28. IL-27 is expressed by monocytes, endothelial cells and dendritic cells (7). IL-27 binds to and signals through a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of WSX-1 (TCCR) and gp130. Evidence suggests IL-27 interacts only with WSX-1 (6, 8, 9). IL-27 has both anti- and proinflammatory properties. As an anti‑inflammatory, IL-27 seems to induce a general negative feedback program that limits T and NK-T cell activity (3, 7). At the onset of infection, IL-27 induces an IL‑12 receptor on naïve CD4+ T cells, making them susceptible to subsequent IL-12 activity (and possible Th1 development) (10).
- Boulay, J-L. et al. (2003) Immunity 19:159.
- Trinchieri, G. et al. (2003) Immunity 19:641.
- Murakami, M. et al. (2004) Growth Factors 22:75.
- Cordoba-Rodriguez, R. and D.M. Frucht (2003) Exp. Opin. Biol. Ther. 3:715.
- Devergne, O. et al. (1996) J. Virology 70:1143.
- Pflanz, S. et al. (2002) Immunity 16:779.
- Villarino, A.V. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 173:715.
- Pflanz, S. et al. (2004) J Immunol 172:2225.
- Scheller, J. et al. (2005) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 326:724.
- Holscher, C. (2004) Med. Microbiol. Immunol. (Berl).193:1.
Citations for Human IL-27 Biotinylated Antibody
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A soluble form of IL-27Ralpha is a natural IL-27 antagonist.
Authors: Dietrich C, Candon S, Ruemmele F, Devergne O
J Immunol, 2014;192(11):5382-9.
Sample Types: Serum
Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)
Suppression of TNF-alpha and IL-1 signaling identifies a mechanism of homeostatic regulation of macrophages by IL-27.
Authors: Kalliolias GD, Gordon RA, Ivashkiv LB
J. Immunol., 2010;185(11):7047-56.
Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
Applications: ELISA Development
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AF2526 was used as the solid phase antibody, BAF2526 was used as the detection antibody. 2526-IL was used as the immunoassay standard. Sensitivity of the assay was around 100 pg/ml.