Human mGluR4 Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human mGluR4 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, approximately 40% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) mGluR7 and rhmGluR8 is observed, and less than 8% cross-reactivity with rhmGluR3 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant human mGluR4
    Lys33-Ser518
    Accession # Q14833
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of mGluR4 in HT1080 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry.

HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cell line was stained with Sheep Anti-Human mGluR4 Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF7387, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # 5‑001‑A, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0126).

Immunohistochemistry
mGluR4 in Human Endothelial Cells. mGluR4 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human brainstem (medulla) using Sheep Anti-Human mGluR4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF7387) at 1.7 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS019) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to endothelial cells in vasculature. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: mGluR4

Metabotrophic glutamate receptor 4 (mGluR4) is a 95-110 kDa Group III mGluR member of the Class C, GPCR 3 family of proteins. The mGluR family of receptors are 7-transmembrane (TM), non-ion channel glutamate-binding molecules that are linked to adenylcyclase. mGluR4 is widely expressed, being found on/in multiple cell types, including colonic, breast, urinary and skin epithelium. It is also found on neurons where it is located presynaptically and regulates neurotransmitter release. In general, mGluR4 activation results in a slowing of either glutamine or GABA release. However, in discrete areas, it actually facilitates glutamine release. Mature human mGluR4 is an 880 amino acid (aa) 7-TM molecule (aa 33-912). It contains a 555 aa N-terminal extracellular region (aa 33-587), plus a 65 aa C-terminal cytoplasmic domain. mGluR4 potentially forms homodimers, and is reported to heterodimerize with both mGluR2 and mGluR8. Based on rodent, there is one 68 kDa isoform that is found in taste buds and shows an alternative start site at Met309. Two additional potential splice variants contain a second alternative start site at Met209, and an Asp substitution for aa 343-390, respectively. It is uncertain if human possesses a mGluR4b found in rodent. Over aa 1-518, human mGluR4 shares 96% aa identity with mouse mGluR4.

  • Long Name:
    Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    2914 (Human); 268934 (Mouse); 24417 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    glutamate receptor, metabotropic 4; GPRC1D; GPRC1Dmetabotropic glutamate receptor 4; GRM4; MGC177594; mGlu4; mGluR4; MGLUR4glutamate metabotropic receptor 4
Related Research Areas
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Isotype Controls
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Normal Sheep IgG Control

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Secondary Antibodies
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Sheep IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG Biotinylated Antibody

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Sheep IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

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Sheep IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

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Sheep IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

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