Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
|Detection of MMP‑7 in A549 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. A549 human lung carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human MMP‑7 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC9071P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC0041P, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.|
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc and calcium dependent endopeptidases with the combined ability to degrade all the components of the extracellular matrix. MMP-7 (matrilysin) is expressed in epithelial cells of normal and diseased tissues, and is capable of digesting a large series of proteins of the extracellular matrix including collagen IV and X, gelatin, casein, laminin, aggrecan, entactin, elastin and versican. MMP-7 is implicated in the activation of other proteinases such as plasminogen, MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9. In addition to its roles in connective tissue remodeling and cancer, MMP-7 also regulates intestinal alpha ‑defensin activation in innate host defense, releases tumor necrosis factor-alpha in a model of herniated disc resorption, and cleaves FasL to generate a soluble form in a model of prostate involution. Structurally, MMP-7 is the smallest of the MMPs and consists of two domains: a pro-domain that is cleaved upon activation and a catalytic domain containing the zinc-binding site.
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