Human R-Spondin 3 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF35001
AF35001-SP

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Citations (1)
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Human R-Spondin 3 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human R-Spondin 3 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, less than 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse R-Spondin 3 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Sheep IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant human R-Spondin 3
Gln22-His272
Accession # Q9BXY4
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize R‑Spondin 3-induced activation of beta ‑Catenin response in the HEK293T human embryonic kidney cell line in a Topflash Luciferase assay. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.3-1.2 µg/mL in the presence of 10 ng/mL Recombinant Human R‑Spondin 3 and 5 ng/mL Recombinant Mouse Wnt‑3a.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: R-Spondin 3

R-Spondin 3 (RSPO3, roof plate-specific spondin 3), also called cysteine-rich and single thrombospondin domain containing-1 (Cristin 1), is an ~31 kDa secreted protein that shares ~40% amino acid (aa) identity with the other three R-Spondin family members (1, 2). All are positive modulators of Wnt/ beta -catenin signaling, but each has a distinct expression pattern (1-4). Like other R-spondins, R-Spondin 3 contains two adjacent cysteine-rich furin-like domains (aa 35-135) with one potential N-glycosylation site (aa 36), followed by a thrombospondin (TSP-1) motif (aa 147-207) and a region rich in basic residues (aa 211-269). Only the furin-like domains are needed for beta -catenin stabilization (2). Within aa 21-209, human R-Spondin 3 shares 93%, 92%, 97%, 96% and 92% aa identity with mouse, rat, equine, bovine and canine R-Spondin 3, respectively. Potential isoforms of 279 and 297 aa diverge at aa 210 and 276, respectively (5). Mouse R-Spondin 3 is critical for development of the placental labyrinthine layer, probably by promoting VEGF expression and thus vascular development (6, 7). It is also essential for expression of the placenta-specific transcription factor, Gcm1. In the mouse embryo, R‑Spondin 3 is often expressed by or located near endothelial cells (6). It is found in the roof plate, tail, somites, otic vesicles, cephalic mesoderm, truncus arteriosus, atrioventricular canal of the developing heart, and strongly but transiently in developing limbs (4, 7). R-Spondins regulate Wnt/ beta -catenin by competing with the Wnt antagonist DKK-1 for binding to the Wnt co-receptors LRP-6 and Kremen, reducing their DKK-1-mediated internalization (8, 9). Reports differ on whether R-Spondins bind LRP-6 directly (8-10). R-Spondin 3 has also been identified as an oncogene (11).

References
  1. Chen, J-Z. et al. (2002) Mol. Biol. Rep. 29:287.
  2. Kim, K.-A. et al. (2008) Mol. Biol. Cell 19:2588.
  3. Hendrickx, M. and L. Leyns (2008) Develop. Growth Differ. 50:229.
  4. Nam, J.-S. et al. (2007) Gene Expr. Patterns 7:306.
  5. Entrez Accession # EAW48114 and EAW48116.
  6. Kazanskaya, O. et al. (2008) Development 135:3655.
  7. Aoki, M. et al. (2007) Dev. Biol. 301:218.
  8. Binnerts, M.E. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104:14700.
  9. Nam, J.-S. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:13247.
  10. Wei, Q. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:15903.
  11. Theodorou, V. et al. (2007) Nat. Genet. 6:759.
Long Name
Roof Plate-specific Spondin 3
Entrez Gene IDs
84870 (Human); 72780 (Mouse); 102132009 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
Cristin 1; CRISTIN1; FLJ14440; hPWTSR; hRspo3; Protein with TSP type-1 repeat; PWTSR; Roof plate-specific spondin-3; RSPO3; R-spondin 3 homolog (Xenopus laevis); RSpondin 3; R-Spondin 3; R-spondin-3; Thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing protein 2; thrombospondin, type I, domain containing 2; THSD2

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Citation for Human R-Spondin 3 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. RSPO-LGR4 functions via IQGAP1 to potentiate Wnt signaling.
    Authors: Carmon K, Gong X, Yi J, Thomas A, Liu Q
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2014-03-17;111(13):E1221-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neutralization

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