Human TLR2 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody

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FAB2616U-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human TLR2 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Stains human TLR2 transfectants but not irrelevant transfectants.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2b Clone # 383936
Immunogen
NS0 mouse myeloma cell line transfected with human TLR2
Accession # O60603
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 350 (Excitation= 346 nm, Emission= 442 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Human whole blood monocytes

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: TLR2

Human toll-like receptor (TLR) family includes ten members that activate the innate immune response via an ability to recognize molecular structures found in a variety of microbial pathogens (1‑3). All TLR family members are type I transmembrane proteins with a large number of extracellular leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) and a cytoplasmic Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain. Human TLR2 is synthesized as a 784 amino acid (aa) precursor (2) that contains a signal sequence (aa 1-18), an extracellular domain (aa 19-588) with approximately 20 LRRs, a transmembrane segment (aa 589-609), and a cytoplasmic TIR domain (aa 610-784). The receptor is expressed on a number of cell types including monocytes, dendritic cells, neutrophils, B cells endothelial cells, and hepatocytes (1, 2, 4). TLR2 functions as part of a heterodimeric complex with either TLR1 or TLR6, and possibly other co-receptors (1). These complexes recognize lipoproteins and glycolipids from gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria as well as mycoplasma and yeast. TLR2/TLR1 heterodimers bind triacylated lipopeptides, while the TLR2/TLR6 heterodimer preferentially recognizes diacylated lipopeptides (5). Upon ligand recognition, TLR2 delivers an activating signal via the associated adapter molecules, MyD88 and TIRAP (1, 6). TLR2 signaling results in dendritic cell maturation characterized by increased surface expression of class II MHC and the T cell costimulators, CD80 and CD86 (1, 2). Activation via TLR2 also results in production of a number of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-alpha, IL-2, IL-6, IL-12, and MIP-2 (1-3).

References
  1. Wetzler, L. (2003) Vaccine 21:S2/55.
  2. Kirschning, C. and R. Schumann (2002) Curr. Top. microbiol. Immunol. 270:121.
  3. Netea, M. et al. (2004) J. Leukoc. Biol. 75:749.
  4. Flo, T. et al. (2001) J. Leukoc. Biol. 69:474.
  5. Akira, S. (2003) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 15:5.
  6. Yamamoto, M. et al. (2002) Nature 420:324.
Long Name
Toll-like Receptor 2
Entrez Gene IDs
7097 (Human); 24088 (Mouse); 310553 (Rat)
Alternate Names
CD282 antigen; CD282; TIL4CD282; TLR2; toll/interleukin 1 receptor-like 4; Toll/interleukin-1 receptor-like protein 4; toll-like receptor 2

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