Measured by its ability to neutralize CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha -induced chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR6. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.5-2.0 µg/mL in the presence of 40 ng/mL Recombinant Mouse CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Chemotaxis Induced by CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha and Neutralization by Mouse CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha Antibody. Recombinant Mouse CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha (Catalog # 760-M3) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR6 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Mouse CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha (40 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Mouse CCL20/MIP‑3 alpha Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF760). The ND50 is typically 0.5-2.0 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL20/MIP-3 alpha
MIP-3 alpha, also known as LARC (Liver and Activation-regulated Chemokine) and Exodus, is one of many novel beta chemokines identified through bioinformatics. Mouse MIP-3 alpha cDNA encodes a 97 amino acid residue precursor protein with a 27 aa residue putative signal peptide that is predicted to be cleaved to form the 70 aa residue mature secreted protein. MIP-3 alpha is distantly related to other beta chemokines (20-28% aa sequence identity). Mouse MIP-3 alpha shares approximately 71% and 63% amino acid sequence homology with rat and human MIP-3 alpha, respectively.
MIP-3 alpha has been shown to be expressed predominantly in lymph nodes, appendix, PBL, fetal liver, fetal lung, and epithelial cells of intestinal tissues. The expression of MIP-3 alpha is strongly up-regulated by inflammatory signals and down-regulated by the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Synthetic or recombinant MIP-3 alpha has been shown to be chemotactic for lymphocytes and dendritic cells, and inhibits proliferation of myeloid progenitors in colony formation assays. MIP-3 alpha has now been shown to be a unique functional ligand for CCR6 (previously referred to as GPR-CY4, CKR-L3, or STRL22 orphan receptor), a chemokine receptor that is selectively and highly expressed in human dendritic cells derived from CD34+ cord blood precursors.
Entrez Gene IDs:
6364 (Human); 20297 (Mouse); 29538 (Rat)
beta chemokine exodus-1; Beta-chemokine exodus-1; CC chemokine LARC; C-C motif chemokine 20; CCL20; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 20; CKb4; exodus-1; LARC; LARCLiver and activation-regulated chemokine; MIP3 alpha; MIP-3 alpha; MIP-3a; MIP-3-alpha; MIP3AMacrophage inflammatory protein 3 alpha; SCYA20Small-inducible cytokine A20; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 20; ST38
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but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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