Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase-1) is an integral membrane protein with an extracellular active site. NTPDase-1 was originally described as CD39, a B lymphocyte cell surface marker (1), but it is also present on the surface of natural killer cells, T cells, and some endothelial cells (2). NTPDase-1 hydrolyzes the beta - and gamma phosphate residues of nucleotides, preferring ATP as the substrate. Through its hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides, NTPDase-1 plays a role in the regulation of purinergic signaling (3). NTPDase-1 is involved in the processes of thromboregulation and vascular inflammation (4). The administration of soluble NTPDase-1 may have therapeutic applications for the treatment of some vascular and transplantation-associated diseases (5).
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