Mouse CHL-1/L1CAM-2 Antibody
Mouse CHL-1/L1CAM-2 Antibody Summary
Ala25-Gln1043 (Leu227-Gln242 del & Ala243Ser)
Accession # BAC30699
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Close homolog of L1 (CHL-1), also known as cell adhesion L1-like (CALL) and L1 cell adhesion molecule 2 (L1CAM-2), belongs to the L1 subfamily of immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily cell adhesion molecules, which also includes L1, neurofascin and NgCAM-related cell adhesion molecule (NrCAM) (1‑3). These molecules are type I transmembrane proteins that have 6 Ig-like domains and 4‑5 fibronectin type III-like (FNIII) domains in their extracellular regions. They also share a highly conserved cytoplasmic region of approximately 110 amino acid (aa) residues containing an ankyrin-binding site. CHL-1 is expressed as a highly glycosylated 185 kDa transmembrane protein by subpopulations of neurons and glia of the central and peripheral nervous system (4, 5). Ectodomain shedding via the metalloprotease-disintegrin ADAM8 releases 165 kDa and 125 kDa soluble CHL-1 fragments, which can diffuse away to function at distant sites (6). CHL-1 is not capable of homotypic interactions, but an extracellular binding partner of CHL-1 has not been identified (4). Human CHL1 has been mapped to chromosome 3p26 and is a candidate gene for 3p- syndrome characterized by mental impairment (7). A missense CHL1 polymorphism associated increased risk of schizophrenia, has also been reported (8). The functional importance of CHL-1 in the nervous system is also evident in CHL-1 deficient mice, which display behavioral abnormalities and show misguided axons within the hippocampus and olfactory tract (9). Enhanced ectodomain-shedding of CHL-1 is also observed in Wobbler mice, the neurodegenerative mutant mice (6). In vitro, soluble or substrate-coated CHL-1 promotes neurite outgrowth and neuronal survival of both cerebellar and hippocampal neurons. Cell surface CHL-1 interacts with integrins in cis to potentiate integrin-dependent cell migration toward extracellular matrix proteins (10). For this enhanced cell motility, CHL-1 linkage to the actin cytoskeleton via interaction between ankyrin and the CHL-1 cytoplasmic region is required. Within the extracellular domain, human and mouse CHL-1 share 82% amino acid sequence identity.
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- Buhusi, M. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278(27):25024.
Citation for Mouse CHL-1/L1CAM-2 Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Alteration of the cell adhesion molecule L1 expression in a specific subset of primary afferent neurons contributes to neuropathic pain.
Authors: Yamanaka H, Obata K, Kobayashi K, Dai Y, Fukuoka T, Noguchi K
Eur. J. Neurosci., 2007;25(4):1097-111.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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