Mouse GDF-1 Biotinylated Antibody

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BAF858

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Mouse GDF-1 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse GDF-1 in Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 40% cross‑reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) GDF‑3 is observed, less than 5% cross-reactivity with rmGDF-5 and rmGDF-6 is observed, and less than 1% cross-reactivity with rmGDF-8 and rmGDF-9 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant mouse GDF-1
His238-Arg357
Accession # P20863
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Mouse GDF‑1

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: GDF-1

Growth and Differentiation Factor 1 (GDF‑1) is a secreted protein in the TGF‑ beta superfamily (1). It is the functional equivalent of frog, zebrafish, and chick Vg1 (2, 3). Human GDF‑1 is synthesized as a preproprotein that produces an approximately 44 kDa proprotein after cleavage of a 29 amino acid (aa) signal peptide. Further proteolysis at a dibasic cleavage site produces a 224 aa propeptide and a secreted 119 aa, 12‑15 kDa mature peptide (4). Mature human GDF‑1 shares 81% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat GDF‑1. GDF‑1 is expressed in the developing and adult nervous system, particularly in neurons of the cerebral cortex and hippocampus (4, 5). It is required during embryogenesis for development of left/right axis asymmetry, anterior/posterior axis asymmetry, and the notochord (2, 3, 6, 7). It cooperates with Nodal and GDF‑3 in these activities and potentiates Nodal bioactivity through formation of a 27 kDa noncovalent GDF‑1‑Nodal heterodimer (3, 7, 8). The presence of Nodal is required for GDF‑1 induced effects (8). GDF‑1 signals through heteromeric receptor complexes containing Activin RIIA or Activin RIIB, ALK4 or ALK7, and an EGF‑CFC protein such as Cryptic or Cripto (7‑9). Loss of function mutations in GDF‑1 are associated with a variety of human cardiac development defects (10).

References
  1. Rider, C.C. and B. Mulloy (2010) Biochem. J. 429:1.
  2. Wall, N.A. et al. (2000) Dev. Biol. 227:495.
  3. Andersson, O. et al. (2007) Dev. Biol. 311:500.
  4. Lee, S.-J. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88:4250.
  5. Soderstrom, S. and T. Ebendal (1999) J. Neurosci. Res. 56:482.
  6. Rankin, C.T. et al. (2000) Nat. Genet. 24:262.
  7. Andersson, O. et al. (2006) Dev. Biol. 293:370.
  8. Tanaka, C. et al. (2007) Genes Dev. 21:3272.
  9. Cheng, S.K. et al. (2003) Genes Dev. 17:31.
  10. Karkera, J.D. et al. (2007) Am. J. Hum. Genet. 81:987.
Long Name
Growth Differentiation Factor 1
Entrez Gene IDs
2657 (Human); 14559 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
DORV; DTGA3; embryonic growth/differentiation factor 1; GDF1; GDF-1; growth differentiation factor 1

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