Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB21774-100
MAB21774-SP
Detection of GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in NS0 Cell Line Transfected with Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 by Flow Cytometry.
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Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Rat IgG1 Clone # 994572
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18
Thr47-Ser173
Accession # Q7TS55
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25 µg/106 cells
See below
CyTOF-ready
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
 

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in NS0 Cell Line Transfected with Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in NS0 Cell Line Transfected with Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 by Flow Cytometry. NS0 cell line transfected with either mouse GITR Ligand/TNFRSF18 (filled histogram) or irrelevant protein (open histogram) was stained with Rat Anti-Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFRSF18 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB21774) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: GITR Ligand/TNFSF18

Glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor superfamily-related protein ligand (GITRL) is a member of the TNF superfamily (TNFSF) and has been designated TNFSF18. Mouse GITRL cDNA encodes a 173 amino acid (aa) type II membrane protein with a C-terminal extracellular domain of 131 aa, an N-terminal cytoplasmic domain of 23 aa and a transmembrane domain of 19 aa. It shares approximately 60% aa sequence identity with human GITRL (2). Mouse GITRL is expressed at high levels in macrophages, dendritic cells and B cells. The expression is transiently upregulated by LPS stimulation. GITRL binds to the type I transmembrane protein GITR/TNFRSF18, which is a member of the TNF receptor superfamily that is predominantly expressed on CD25+ regulatory CD4+ T cells (Treg). GITR is also expressed on naïve CD4+ CD25- T cells, where its expression is upregulated after antigen-driven activation (1, 2). Ligation of GITR has been found to induce nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B activation via TNF receptor-associated factor 2. GITRL provides costimulatory signals for activated CD4+ CD25- T cells to enhance cell proliferation and augment cytokine production. On CD4+ CD25+ Treg cells, GITRL also provides costimulatory signals to induce proliferation, setting Treg cells in an active/hyperproliferactive state that reverses the suppressive function of Treg cells. GITRL-GITR ligation provides important costimulatory signals that play important roles in modulating diverse T cell functions (1-4).

References
  1. Tone, M. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:15059.
  2. Ji, H. et al. (2004) J. Immunology 172:5823.
  3. Kanamaru, F. et al. (2004) J. Immunology 172:7306.
  4. Ronchetti, S. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Immunology 34:613.
Long Name
Glucocorticoid Induced TNF Receptor Family Related Gene Ligand
Entrez Gene IDs
8995 (Human); 240873 (Mouse); 364031 (Rat)
Alternate Names
Activation-inducible TNF-related ligand; AITRLMGC138237; GITR Ligand; GITRL; GITRLglucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein ligand; Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand; hGITRLGITR ligand; TL6AITR ligand; TNFSF18; tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 18; tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18

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