ProDots Recombinant Human Flt-3 Ligand Protein Summary
Pre-aliquoted, lyophilized protein dots for use in cell culture medium
- Rolls out of bottle for easy cell culture medium preparation
- Eliminates time spent aliquoting
- One protein dot can be used to make 500 mL of 10 ng/mL cell culture medium
Thr27 - Pro185
|Reconstitution||For a stock solution, reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS, or simply roll ProDot® directly into cell culture medium for immediate use.
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
• 6 months from date of receipt at room temperature as supplied.
• 12 months from date of receipt at 2-8 °C as supplied.
• 1 month at 2-8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
• 3 months at -20 to -80 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
ProDots® Recombinant Human Flt-3 Ligand stimulatescell proliferation in the BaF3 mouse Pro-B cell line transfected withmouse Flt-3. The ED50 for this effect is 0.2-1 ng/mL.
1 μg/lane of ProDots® Recombinant Human Flt-3 Ligandwas resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions andvisualized with silver staining, showing major bands at 20-24 kDa.The multiple bands are due to variable glycosylation of the protein.
Background: Flt-3 Ligand
Flt-3 Ligand, also known as FL, is an alpha-helical cytokine that promotes the differentiation of multiple hematopoietic cell lineages. Mature human Flt-3 Ligand consists of a 158 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with a cytokine-like domain and a juxtamembrane tether region, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 30 aa cytoplasmic tail. Within the ECD, human Flt-3 Ligand shares 71% and 65% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Flt-3 Ligand, respectively. Human and mouse Flt-3 Ligand show cross-species activity. Flt-3 Ligand is expressed as a noncovalently-linked dimer by T cells and bone marrow and thymic fibroblasts. Each 36 kDa chain carries approximately 12 kDa of N- and O-linked carbohydrates. Alternate splicing and proteolytic cleavage of the transmembrane form can generate a soluble 30 kDa fragment that includes the cytokine domain. Alternate splicing of human Flt-3 Ligand also generates membrane-associated isoforms that contain either a truncated cytoplasmic tail or an 85 aa substitution following the cytokine domain. Both transmembrane and soluble Flt-3 Ligand signal through the tyrosine kinase receptor Flt-3/Flk-2. Flt-3 Ligand induces the expansion of monocytes and immature dendritic cells as well as early B cell lineage differentiation. It synergizes with IL-3, GM-CSF, and SCF to promote the mobilization and myeloid differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells. It cooperates with IL-2, -6, -7, and -15 to induce NK cell development and with IL-3, -7, and -11 to induce terminal B cell maturation. Animal studies also show Flt-3 Ligand to reduce the severity of experimentally induced allergic inflammation.
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