Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey B7-2/CD86 His-tag Protein, CF Summary
Leu20-His239, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
When Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey B7-2/CD86 His-tag Protein (Catalog # 10300-B2) is coated at 0.5 µg/mL, 100 µL/well, Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) binds with an ED50of 5-25 ng/mL.
2 μg/lane of Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey B7-2/CD86 His-tag (Catalog # 10300-B2) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 57-68 kDa.
B7-2, also known as CD86, B70, and ETC-1, is a 60-100 kDa variably glycosylated protein in the B7 family. B7 family members are transmembrane cell surface molecules that play important roles in immune activation and the maintenance of immune tolerance (1, 2). Within the ECD, cynomolgus B7-2 shares 96%, 57%, and 56% amino acid sequence identity with human, mouse and rat B7-2, respectively. B7-2 is highly expressed on activated antigen presenting cells (APC), e.g. B cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes (2-5), as well as on vascular endothelial cells (6). B7-2 and the closely related B7-1/CD80 exhibit overlapping but distinct functional properties. Their binding to CD28, which is constitutively expressed on T cells, enhances T cell receptor signaling and also provides TCR-independent co-stimulation (3, 5, 7-9). B7-1 and B7-2 additionally bind the CD28-related protein, CTLA-4, which is up‑regulated and recruited to the immunological synapse (IS) at the onset of T cell activation (3, 5, 7, 8). CTLA-4 ligation inhibits the T cell response and supports regulatory T cell function (10). B7-2 is expressed earlier than B7-1 following APC activation (4), and both proteins bind with higher affinity to CTLA-4 than to CD28 (8). B7-2 promotes the stabilization of CD28 in the IS, while B7-1 is primarily responsible for promoting CTLA-4 recruitment and accumulation in the IS (11). The relative participation of B7-1 and B7-2 in T cell co-stimulation can also alter the Th1/Th2 bias of the immune response (12). Both B7-1 and B7-2 serve as cellular receptors for B species adenoviruses (13).
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- Wing, K. et al. (2011) Trends Immunol. 32:428.
- Pentcheva-Hoang, T. et al. (2004) Immunity 21:401.
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- Short, J.J. et al. (2006) Virus Res. 122:144.
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