Recombinant Human Arginase 1/ARG1 Protein, CF

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Citations (3)

Recombinant Human Arginase 1/ARG1 Protein, CF Summary

Product Specifications

>90%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Level
<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Measured by the production of urea during the hydrolysis of arginine. The specific activity is >35,000 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions.
E. coli-derived human Arginase 1/ARG1 protein
Met1-Lys322 with an N-terminal Met and 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Structure / Form
Predicted Molecular Mass
36 kDa
40 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

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Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.


Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl, Glycerol and DTT.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Assay Procedure

  • Assay Diluent: Deionized Water
  • Recombinant Human Arginase 1/ARG1 (rhARG1) (Catalog # 5868-AR)
  • Substrate Buffer: 125 mM L-Arginine, 625 mM Glycine, pH 10.5
  • Manganese Choride, 1 M stock in deionized water
  • o-Phthaldialdehyde (oPA), (Sigma, Catalog # P0657), 50 mg/mL (373 mM) stock in DMSO
  • N-(1-Naphthyl)ethylene-diamine dihydrochloride (NED) (Sigma, Catalog # N9125), 500 mM stock in DMSO
  • 50 mM Boric Acid, 1 M Sulfuric Acid, 0.03% Brij-35 (w/v) [Caution: highly acidic, neutralize before disposal]
  • Urea, 100 mM stock in deionized water
  • 96-well Clear Plate (Costar, Catalog # 92592)
  • Plate Reader (Model: SpectraMax Plus by Molecular Devices) or equivalent
  1. Dilute rhARG1 to 0.25 µg/mL in deionized water.
  2. Prepare a standard curve from the 100 mM Urea stock. Dilute 100 µL of 100 mM Urea with 900 µL of deionized water to make a 10 mM Urea solution. Use this for the first point of the curve.
  3. Perform six additional one-half serial dilutions of the 10 mM Urea stock in deionized water. The standard curve has a range of 7813 to 500,000 pmol per well.
  4. Load 50 µL of each dilution of the standard curve into a plate. Include a blank containing only deionized water.
  5. Load 40 µL of the 0.25 µg/mL rhARG1 into the plate. Load multiple wells as some will be used as enzyme blanks.
  6. From the Substrate Buffer and Manganese Chloride stocks, prepare a solution of 100 mM Arginine, 500 mM Glycine, 1.25 mM MnCl2, pH 10.5. Do not prepare this solution until immediately before use as the manganese will gradually precipitate out of solution.
  7. Add 10 µL of 100 mM Arginine, 500 mM Glycine, 1.25 mM MnCl2, pH 10.5 to the wells containing 0.25 µg/mL rhARG1 (exclude the blanks). Mix well.
  8. Cover the plate and incubate at 37 °C for two hours.
  9. Dilute oPA stock to 4 mM in 50 mM Boric Acid, 1 M Sulfuric Acid, 0.03% Brij-35 (w/v).
  10. Dilute NED stock to 4 mM in 50 mM Boric Acid, 1 M Sulfuric Acid, 0.03% Brij-35 (w/v).
  11. Combine equal volumes of 4 mM oPA and 4 mM NED to form a solution of 2 mM oPA with 2 mM NED.
  12. Add 200 µL of the 2 mM oPA, 2 mM NED solution to all wells, including the standard curve.
  13. Prepare a fresh solution of 100 mM Arginine, 500 mM Glycine, 1.25 mM MnCl2, pH 10.5. Add 10 µL to each well used as an enzyme blank.
  14. Cover the plate and incubate at room temperature for 20 minutes.
  15. Read plate at 520 nm (absorbance) in endpoint mode.
  16. Calculate specific activity:
  17.      Specific Activity (pmol/min/µg) =

    Adjusted Urea Detected* (OD)
    Incubation time (min) x amount of enzyme (µg)

     *Derived from the urea standard curve using linear or 4-parameter fitting and adjusted for Substrate Blank.

Per Well:
  • rhARG1: 0.01 µg (10 ng)
  • Arginine: 4 mM
  • oPA & NED: 1.6 mM
  • Urea Curve: 500000, 250000, 125000, 62500, 31250, 15625 and 7813 pmol
Reconstitution Calculator

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Background: Arginase 1/ARG1

Arginase 1, also known as liver arginase, is a binuclear manganese metalloenzyme. It is a key enzyme of the urea cycle that catalyses the conversion of L-arginine into L-ornithine and urea, the final cytosolic reaction of urea formation in the mammalian liver (1). Arginase 1 is abundantly expressed in liver, but it is also expressed in cells and tissues that lack a complete urea cycle, including lung. Arginase is a critical regulator of nitric oxide synthesis and vascular function (2). It is implicated in a variety of human diseases including vascular disease, pulmonary disease, infectious disease, immune cell function and cancer (3). In humans, hereditary defects in arginase result in an accumulation of arginine in the blood known as hyperarginemia (4). Arginase deficiency can also result in the accumulation of nitrogen in the form of ammonia, which results in hyperammonemia (5).

  1. Dowling, D. et al. (2008) Cell Mol. Life Sci. 65:2039.
  2. Durante, W. et al. (2007) Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. 34:906.
  3. Morris, S. (2009) Br. J. Pharmacol. 157:922.
  4. Crombez, E. et al. (2005) Mol. Genet. Metab. 84:243.
  5. Scaglia, F. et al. (2004) J. Nutr. 134:2775s.
Long Name
Liver-Type Arginase
Entrez Gene IDs
383 (Human); 11846 (Mouse); 29221 (Rat)
Alternate Names
AI; ARG1; Arginase 1; arginase, liver; Arginase-1; EC; EC:; Liver Arginase; Liver-type arginase; PGIF; Type I Arginase

Citations for Recombinant Human Arginase 1/ARG1 Protein, CF

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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  1. Interactions between Integrase Inhibitors and human Arginase 1
    Authors: L Lisi, M Pizzoferra, FT Miscioscia, A Topai, P Navarra
    J. Neurochem., 2017-05-09;0(0):.
    Applications: Bioassay
  2. Assessment of Preclinical Liver and Skeletal Muscle Biomarkers Following Clofibrate Administration in Wistar Rats
    Authors: P Maliver, M Festag, M Bennecke, F Christen, B Bánfai, B Lenz, M Winter
    Toxicol Pathol, 2017-05-09;0(0):1926233177072.
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  3. STAT3 regulates arginase-I in myeloid-derived suppressor cells from cancer patients.
    Authors: Vasquez-Dunddel D, Pan F, Zeng Q, Gorbounov M, Albesiano E, Fu J, Blosser R, Tam A, Bruno T, Zhang H, Pardoll D, Kim Y
    J Clin Invest, 2013-04-01;123(4):1580-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay


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