Recombinant Human B7-2/CD86 Fc Chimera (CHO-expressed), CF

Newer Version Available: 9090-B2-100
A New rh B7-2 protein is Available! It is HEK293 expressed with a His-tag!
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
7625-B2-100
7625-B2-01M
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Recombinant Human B7-2/CD86 Fc Chimera (CHO-expressed), CF Summary

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to induce IL-2 secretion by Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cells. Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) Science 262:909. The ED50 for this effect is 0.04-0.2 μg/mL.
Source
Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived human B7-2/CD86 protein
Human B7-2/CD86
(Leu20-His239)
Accession # NP_008820
DIEGRMD Human IgG1
(Pro100-Lys330)
N-terminus C-terminus
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Leu20
Structure / Form
Disulfide-linked homodimer
Predicted Molecular Mass
52 kDa (monomer)
SDS-PAGE
75-100 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

7625-B2

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
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Background: B7-2/CD86

B7-2, also known as CD86, B70, and ETC-1, is a 60-100 kDa variably glycosylated protein in the B7 family. B7 family members are transmembrane cell surface molecules that play important roles in immune activation and the maintenance of immune tolerance (1, 2). Mature human B7-2 consists of a 224 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two Ig-like domains, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 61 aa cytoplasmic tail (3, 4). Within the ECD, human B7-2 shares 59% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat B7-2. Alternative splicing of human B7-2 generates additional isoforms that lack both Ig-like domains or a region that includes the transmembrane segment. B7-2 is highly expressed on activated antigen presenting cells (APC), e.g. B cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes (4-7), as well as on vascular endothelial cells (8). B7-2 and the closely related B7-1/CD80 exhibit overlapping but distinct functional properties. Their binding to CD28, which is constitutively expressed on T cells, enhances T cell receptor signaling and also provides TCR-independent co-stimulation (3-5, 7, 9-11). B7-1 and B7-2 additionally bind the CD28-related protein, CTLA-4, which is up‑regulated and recruited to the immunological synapse (IS) at the onset of T cell activation (3-5, 7, 9, 10). CTLA-4 ligation inhibits the T cell response and supports regulatory T cell function (12). B7-2 is expressed earlier than B7-1 following APC activation (6), and both proteins bind with higher affinity to CTLA-4 than to CD28 (10). B7-2 promotes the stabilization of CD28 in the IS, while B7-1 is primarily responsible for promoting CTLA-4 recruitment and accumulation in the IS (13). The relative participation of B7-1 and B7-2 in T cell co-stimulation can also alter the Th1/Th2 bias of the immune response (14). Both B7-1 and B7-2 serve as cellular receptors for B species adenoviruses (15).

References
  1. Greenwald, R.J. et al. (2005) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 23:515.
  2. Bour-Jordan, H. et al. (2011) Immunol. Rev. 241:180.
  3. Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) Science 262:909.
  4. Azuma, M. et al. (1993) Nature 366:76.
  5. Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) J. Exp. Med. 178:2185.
  6. Lenschow, D.J. et al. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:11054.
  7. Hathcock, K.S. et al. (1993) Science 262:905.
  8. Seino, K. et al. (1995) Int. Immunol. 7:1331.
  9. Chen, C. et al. (1994) J. Immunol. 152:4929.
  10. Lanier, L.L. et al. (1995) J. Immunol. 154:97.
  11. Rudd, C.E. et al. (2009) Immunol. Rev. 229:12.
  12. Wing, K. et al. (2011) Trends Immunol. 32:428.
  13. Pentcheva-Hoang, T. et al. (2004) Immunity 21:401.
  14. Kuchroo, V.K. et al. (1995) Cell 80:707.
  15. Short, J.J. et al. (2006) Virus Res. 122:144.
Entrez Gene IDs
942 (Human); 12524 (Mouse); 56822 (Rat); 102147235 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
Activation B7-2 antigen; B70; B7-2 antigen; B72; B7-2; B-lymphocyte activation antigen B7-2; BU63; CD28 antigen ligand 2; CD28LG2B7-2 antigen); CD86 antigen; CD86 molecule; CD86; CTLA-4 counter-receptor B7.2; FUN-1; LAB72; MGC34413; T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86

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Primary Antibodies

Human IgG1 Antibody

Human IgG1 Antibody

Recombinant Proteins

Reconstitution Buffers

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Recombinant Human B7-2/CD86 Fc Chimera (CHO-expressed), CF
By Anonymous on 03/24/2018
Application: Binding assay/Protein-protein interaction