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Recombinant Human BMP-4 Protein

  • Purity
    >95%, by SDS-PAGE with silver staining.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to induce alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cells. Binnerts, M.E. et al. (2004) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 315(2):272. The ED50 for this effect is typically 2.5-15 ng/mL.
  • Source
    Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived Ser293-Arg408
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    13 (monomer) kDa
    22-25 kDa, reducing conditions
    37-41 kDa, non-reducing conditions
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 50-200 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 50-200 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images
1 ug/lane of Recombinant Human BMP-4 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing major bands at 22-25 kDa and 37-41 kDa, respectively. Multiple bands in gel are due to variable glycosylation.


Recombinant Human BMP-4 (Catalog #
314-BP/CF) induces alkaline phosphatase production in the ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cell line. The ED50 for this effect is typically 2.5-15 ng/mL.
Background: BMP-4

BMP-4 is a TGF-beta superfamily ligand that is widely expressed from early embryogenesis through adulthood. It plays an important role in mesenchyme formation, epidermal determination, suppression of neural induction, the development of multiple organs, and tissue repair (1-5). The human BMP-4 precursor contains a 273 amino acid (aa) propeptide and a 116 aa mature protein (6). Processing of the propeptide by furin or proprotein convertase 6 enables the formation of the mature disulfide-linked homodimeric BMP-4 and facilitates its secretion. Similar intracellular processes may lead to the formation and recreation of BMP4/BMP7
disulfide-linked heterodimer (7-9). Mature human and mouse BMP-4 share 98% aa sequence identity. Human BMP-4 shares 85% aa sequence identity with human BMP-2 and less than 50% with other human BMPs. Compared to BMP-4 homodimers, BMP-4/BMP-7 heterodimers exhibit a greater potency in inducing osteogenic differentiation (9). In Xenopus, the heterodimers can also induce the formation of mesoderm, whereas BMP-4 homodimers only provide ventralizing signals for existing mesoderm (10). BMP-4 signals through tetrameric complexes composed of type I (primarily Activin RIA or BMPR-IA) and type II (primarily Activin RIIA or BMPR-II) receptors (11, 12). The bioavailability of BMP-4 is regulated by its interaction with multiple proteins and glycosaminoglycans (13-15).


  • References:
    1. Zhang, P. et al. (2008) Blood 111:1933.
    2. Gambaro, K. et al. (2006) Cell Death Differ. 13:1075.
    3. Simic, P. and S. Vukicevic (2005) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 16:299.
    4. Sadlon, T.J. et al. (2004) Stem Cells 22:457.
    5. Frank, D.B. et al. (2005) Circ. Res. 97:496.
    6. Wozney, J. et al. (1988) Science 242:1528.
    7. Cui, Y. et al. (1998) EMBO J. 17:4735.
    8. Cui, Y. et al. (2001) Genes Dev. 15:2797.
    9. Aono, A. et al. (1995) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 210:670.
    10. Nishimatsu, S. and G.H. Thomsen (1998) Mech. Dev. 74:75.
    11. Chen, D. et al. (2004) Growth Factors 22:233.
    12. Lavery, K. et al. (2008) J. Biol. Chem. April 24 epub.
    13. Rosen, V. (2006) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1068:19.
    14. Jones, C.M. and J.C. Smith (1998) Dev. Biol. 194:12.
    15. Takada, T. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:43229.
  • Long Name:
    Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    652 (Human); 12159 (Mouse); 25296 (Rat); 30612 (Zebrafish);
  • Alternate Names:
    BMP-2B; BMP2B1; BMP2BMCOPS6; BMP-4; Bone morphogenetic protein 2B; bone morphogenetic protein 4; DVR4; OFC11; ZYME
Related Research Areas

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

Showing Results 1 - 10 of 96
Filter your results:

Sample Type
  1. Influence of activin A supplementation during human embryonic stem cell derivation on germ cell differentiation potential.
    Authors: Duggal G, Heindryckx B, Warrier S, O'Leary T, Van der Jeught M, Lierman S, Vossaert L, Deroo T, Deforce D, Chuva de Sousa Lopes S, De Sutter P
    Stem Cells Dev, 2013;22(23):3141-55.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Flk1+ and VE-cadherin+ endothelial cells derived from iPSCs recapitulates vascular development during differentiation and display similar angiogenic potential as ESC-derived cells.
    Authors: Kohler, Erin E, Wary, Kishore, Li, Fei, Chatterjee, Ishita, Urao, Norifumi, Toth, Peter T, Ushio-Fukai, Masuko, Rehman, Jalees, Park, Changwon, Malik, Asrar B
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e85549.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: cell culture
  3. A novel serum-free monolayer culture for orderly hematopoietic differentiation of human pluripotent cells via mesodermal progenitors.
    Authors: Niwa A, Heike T, Umeda K
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(7):e22261.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Chordin-like 1, a bone morphogenetic protein-4 antagonist, is upregulated by hypoxia in human retinal pericytes and plays a role in regulating angiogenesis.
    Authors: Kane R, Godson C, O'Brien C
    Mol. Vis., 2008;14(0):1138-48.
    Species: Human
    Application: Binding Assay
  5. Direct differentiation of atrial and ventricular myocytes from human embryonic stem cells by alternating retinoid signals.
    Authors: Zhang Q, Jiang J, Han P, Yuan Q, Zhang J, Zhang X, Xu Y, Cao H, Meng Q, Chen L, Tian T, Wang X, Li P, Hescheler J, Ji G, Ma Y
    Cell Res., 2011;21(4):579-87.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  6. Fibroblast growth factors and epidermal growth factor cooperate with oocyte-derived members of the TGFbeta superfamily to regulate Spry2 mRNA levels in mouse cumulus cells.
    Authors: Sugiura K, Su YQ, Li Q, Wigglesworth K, Matzuk MM, Eppig JJ
    Biol. Reprod., 2009;81(5):833-41.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  7. Bone morphogenetic proteins and receptors are over-expressed in bone-marrow cells of multiple myeloma patients and support myeloma cells by inducing ID genes.
    Authors: Grcevic D, Kusec R, Kovacic N, Lukic A, Lukic IK, Ivcevic S, Nemet D, Seiwerth RS, Ostojic SK, Croucher PI, Marusic A
    Leuk. Res., 2010;34(6):742-51.
  8. Human Crossveinless-2 is a novel inhibitor of bone morphogenetic proteins.
    Authors: Binnerts ME, Wen X, Cante-Barrett K, Bright J, Chen HT, Asundi V, Sattari P, Tang T, Boyle B, Funk W, Rupp F
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2004;315(2):272-80.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  9. Postinjury niches induce temporal shifts in progenitor fates to direct lesion repair after spinal cord injury.
    Authors: Sellers DL, Maris DO, Horner PJ
    J. Neurosci., 2009;29(20):6722-33.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  10. High-density lipoproteins affect endothelial BMP-signaling by modulating expression of the activin-like kinase receptor 1 and 2.
    Authors: Yao Y, Shao ES, Jumabay M, Shahbazian A, Ji S, Bostrom KI
    Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol., 2008;28(12):2266-74.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  11. Essential pro-Bmp roles of crossveinless 2 in mouse organogenesis.
    Authors: Ikeya M, Kawada M, Kiyonari H, Sasai N, Nakao K, Furuta Y, Sasai Y
    Development, 2006;133(22):4463-73.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  12. Trophoblast differentiation defect in human embryonic stem cells lacking PIG-A and GPI-anchored cell-surface proteins.
    Authors: Chen G, Ye Z, Yu X, Zou J, Mali P, Brodsky RA, Cheng L
    Cell Stem Cell, 2008;2(4):345-55.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  13. Highly efficient and feeder-free production of subculturable vascular endothelial cells from primate embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Saeki K, Yogiashi Y, Nakahara M, Nakamura N, Matsuyama S, Koyanagi A, Yagita H, Koyanagi M, Kondo Y, Yuo A
    J. Cell. Physiol., 2008;217(1):261-80.
    Species: Primate – Macaca fascicularis (Cynomolgus/Crab-eating Monkey)
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development.
    Authors: Kavanagh KD, Evans AR, Jernvall J
    Nature, 2007;449(7161):427-32.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Bone morphogenetic proteins promote gliosis in demyelinating spinal cord lesions.
    Authors: Fuller ML, DeChant AK, Rothstein B, Caprariello A, Wang R, Hall AK, Miller RH
    Ann. Neurol., 2007;62(3):288-300.
  16. Myogenic growth factors can decrease extraocular muscle force generation: a potential biological approach to the treatment of strabismus.
    Authors: Anderson BC, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2008;49(1):221-9.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: In Vivo
  17. Growth differentiation factor-9 has divergent effects on proliferation and steroidogenesis of bovine granulosa cells.
    Authors: Spicer LJ, Aad PY, Allen D, Mazerbourg S, Hsueh AJ
    J. Endocrinol., 2006;189(2):329-39.
  18. Long-term self-renewal and directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells in chemically defined conditions.
    Authors: Yao S, Chen S, Clark J, Hao E, Beattie GM, Hayek A, Ding S
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2006;103(18):6907-12.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  19. Requirements for endoderm and BMP signaling in sensory neurogenesis in zebrafish.
    Authors: Holzschuh J, Wada N, Wada C, Schaffer A, Javidan Y, Tallafuss A, Bally-Cuif L, Schilling TF
    Development, 2005;132(16):3731-42.
    Species: Xenopus
    Application: In Vivo
  20. Multiple roles of Sox2, an HMG-box transcription factor in avian neural crest development.
    Authors: Wakamatsu Y, Endo Y, Osumi N, Weston JA
    Dev. Dyn., 2004;229(1):74-86.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  21. A discrete period of FGF-induced Erk1/2 signalling is required for vertebrate neural specification.
    Authors: Stavridis MP, Lunn JS, Collins BJ, Storey KG
    Development, 2007;134(16):2889-94.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  22. Blocked MAP kinase activity selectively enhances neurotrophic growth responses.
    Authors: Althini S, Usoskin D, Kylberg A, Kaplan PL, Ebendal T
    Mol. Cell. Neurosci., 2004;25(2):345-54.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  23. Molecular basis of bone morphogenetic protein-4 inhibitory action on progesterone secretion by ovine granulosa cells.
    Authors: Pierre A, Pisselet C, Dupont J, Mandon-Pepin B, Monniaux D, Monget P, Fabre S
    J. Mol. Endocrinol., 2004;33(3):805-17.
  24. Effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-4 with carriers in rat calvarial defects.
    Authors: Ahn SH, Kim CS, Suk HJ, Lee YJ, Choi SH, Chai JK, Kim CK, Han SB, Cho KS
    J. Periodontol., 2003;74(6):787-97.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  25. Targeting of bone morphogenetic protein growth factor complexes to fibrillin.
    Authors: Sengle G, Charbonneau NL, Ono RN, Sasaki T, Alvarez J, Keene DR, Bachinger HP, Sakai LY
    J. Biol. Chem., 2008;283(20):13874-88.
    Species: Human
    Application: complex formation
  26. Targeting of SMAD5 links microRNA-155 to the TGF-beta pathway and lymphomagenesis.
    Authors: Rai D, Kim SW, McKeller MR
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2010;107(7):3111-6.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  27. Iron transferrin regulates hepcidin synthesis in primary hepatocyte culture through hemojuvelin and BMP2/4.
    Authors: Lin L, Valore EV, Nemeth E, Goodnough JB, Gabayan V, Ganz T
    Blood, 2007;110(6):2182-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  28. Antagonism of Nodal signaling by BMP/Smad5 prevents ectopic primitive streak formation in the mouse amnion.
    Authors: Pereira P, Dobreva M, Maas E, Cornelis F, Moya I, Umans L, Verfaillie C, Camus A, de Sousa Lopes S, Huylebroeck D, Zwijsen A
    Development, 2012;139(18):3343-54.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  29. Epigenetic memory of active gene transcription is inherited through somatic cell nuclear transfer.
    Authors: Ng RK, Gurdon JB
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2005;102(6):1957-62.
    Species: Xenopus
    Application: Bioassay
  30. Regulation of bone morphogenetic protein signalling in human pulmonary vascular development.
    Authors: Southwood M, Jeffery TK, Yang X, Upton PD, Hall SM, Atkinson C, Haworth SG, Stewart S, Reynolds PN, Long L, Trembath RC, Morrell NW
    J. Pathol., 2008;214(1):85-95.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  31. A defined glycosaminoglycan-binding substratum for human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Klim JR, Li L, Wrighton PJ
    Nat. Methods, 2010;7(12):989-94.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  32. Bone morphogenetic proteins inhibit CD40L/IL-21-induced Ig production in human B cells: differential effects of BMP-6 and BMP-7.
    Authors: Huse K, Bakkebo M, Oksvold MP, Forfang L, Hilden VI, Stokke T, Smeland EB, Myklebust JH
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2011;41(11):3135-45.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  33. SIP1 mediates cell-fate decisions between neuroectoderm and mesendoderm in human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Chng Z, Teo A, Pedersen RA, Vallier L
    Cell Stem Cell, 2010;6(1):59-70.
  34. Retinoic acid signalling specifies intermediate character in the developing telencephalon.
    Authors: Marklund M, Sjodal M, Beehler BC, Jessell TM, Edlund T, Gunhaga L
    Development, 2004;131(17):4323-32.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  35. Broad T-cell receptor repertoire in T-lymphocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Chang C, Lai Y, Lamb L, Townes T
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(5):e97335.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  36. Alk2 regulates early chondrogenic fate in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva heterotopic endochondral ossification.
    Authors: Culbert A, Chakkalakal S, Theosmy E, Brennan T, Kaplan F, Shore E
    Stem Cells, 2014;32(5):1289-300.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  37. Combinatorial signals of activin/nodal and bone morphogenic protein regulate the early lineage segregation of human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Wu Z, Zhang W, Chen G, Cheng L, Liao J, Jia N, Gao Y, Dai H, Yuan J, Cheng L, Xiao L
    J. Biol. Chem., 2008;283(36):24991-5002.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  38. Wnt regulation of progenitor maturation in the cortex depends on Shh or fibroblast growth factor 2.
    Authors: Viti J, Gulacsi A, Lillien L
    J. Neurosci., 2003;23(13):5919-27.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  39. Enzyme-free passage of human pluripotent stem cells by controlling divalent cations.
    Authors: Ohnuma, Kiyoshi, Fujiki, Ayaka, Yanagihara, Kana, Tachikawa, Saoko, Hayashi, Yohei, Ito, Yuzuru, Onuma, Yasuko, Chan, Techuan, Michiue, Tatsuo, Furue, Miho K, Asashima, Makoto
    Sci Rep, 2014;4(0):4646.
  40. Short-term BMP-4 treatment initiates mesoderm induction in human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Zhang P, Li J, Tan Z, Wang C, Liu T, Chen L, Yong J, Jiang W, Sun X, DU L, Ding M, Deng H
    Blood, 2007;111(4):1933-41.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  41. Cutting edge: bone morphogenetic protein antagonists Drm/Gremlin and Dan interact with Slits and act as negative regulators of monocyte chemotaxis.
    Authors: Blair DG, Plisov S, Vasiliev G, Perantoni AO, Athanasiou M, Wu JY, Oppenheim JJ
    J. Immunol., 2004;173(10):5914-7.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  42. BMP4 regulation of human megakaryocytic differentiation is involved in thrombopoietin signaling.
    Authors: Jeanpierre S, Nicolini FE, Kaniewski B, Dumontet C, Rimokh R, Puisieux A, Maguer-Satta V
    Blood, 2008;112(8):3154-63.
  43. Cross-presentation of tumour antigens by human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived CD141(+)XCR1+ dendritic cells.
    Gene Ther, 2012;19(10):1035-40.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  44. The 12th-14th type III repeats of fibronectin function as a highly promiscuous growth factor-binding domain.
    Authors: Martino MM, Hubbell JA
    FASEB J., 2010;24(12):4711-21.
    Species: Human
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  45. Multipotent adult progenitor cells from swine bone marrow.
    Authors: Zeng L, Rahrmann E, Hu Q, Lund T, Sandquist L, Felten M, O'Brien TD, O'Brien TD, Zhang J, Verfaillie C
    Stem Cells, 2006;24(11):2355-66.
    Species: Porcine
    Application: Bioassay
  46. Production of hepatocyte-like cells from human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Hannan, Nicholas, Segeritz, Charis-P, Touboul, Thomas, Vallier, Ludovic
    Nat Protoc, 2013;8(2):430-7.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  47. Hematopoietic differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells from patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I (Hurler syndrome).
    Authors: Tolar J, Park I, Xia L, Lees C, Peacock B, Webber B, McElmurry R, Eide C, Orchard P, Kyba M, Osborn M, Lund T, Wagner J, Daley G, Blazar B
    Blood, 2011;117(3):839-47.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  48. Crossveinless 2 regulates bone morphogenetic protein 9 in human and mouse vascular endothelium.
    Authors: Yao Y, Jumabay M, Ly A, Radparvar M, Wang AH, Abdmaulen R, Bostrom KI
    Blood, 2012;119(21):5037-47.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  49. Heparan sulfation-dependent fibroblast growth factor signaling maintains embryonic stem cells primed for differentiation in a heterogeneous state.
    Authors: Lanner F, Lee KL, Sohl M, Holmborn K, Yang H, Wilbertz J, Poellinger L, Rossant J, Farnebo F
    Stem Cells, 2010;28(2):191-200.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  50. BMPER, a novel endothelial cell precursor-derived protein, antagonizes bone morphogenetic protein signaling and endothelial cell differentiation.
    Authors: Moser M, Binder O, Wu Y, Aitsebaomo J, Ren R, Bode C, Bautch VL, Conlon FL, Patterson C
    Mol. Cell. Biol., 2003;23(16):5664-79.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  51. BMPs restrict the position of premuscle masses in the limb buds by influencing Tcf4 expression.
    Authors: Bonafede A, Kohler T, Rodriguez-Niedenfuhr M, Brand-Saberi B
    Dev. Biol., 2006;299(2):330-44.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: In Ovo
  52. Identification of TWSG1 as a second novel erythroid regulator of hepcidin expression in murine and human cells.
    Authors: Tanno T, Porayette P, Sripichai O, Noh SJ, Byrnes C, Bhupatiraju A, Lee YT, Goodnough JB, Harandi O, Ganz T, Paulson RF, Miller JL
    Blood, 2009;114(1):181-6.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  53. Induced pluripotent stem cells offer new approach to therapy in thalassemia and sickle cell anemia and option in prenatal diagnosis in genetic diseases.
    Authors: Ye L, Chang JC, Lin C, Sun X, Yu J, Kan YW
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2009;106(24):9826-30.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  54. Downregulation of hemojuvelin prevents inhibitory effects of bone morphogenetic proteins on iron metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma.
    Authors: Maegdefrau U, Arndt S, Kivorski G, Hellerbrand C, Bosserhoff AK
    Lab. Invest., 2011;91(11):1615-23.
  55. Thalidomide induces limb deformities by perturbing the Bmp/Dkk1/Wnt signaling pathway.
    Authors: Knobloch J, Shaughnessy JD, Ruther U
    FASEB J., 2007;21(7):1410-21.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  56. Human ES cell-derived neural rosettes reveal a functionally distinct early neural stem cell stage.
    Authors: Elkabetz Y, Panagiotakos G, Al Shamy G, Socci ND, Tabar V, Studer L
    Genes Dev., 2008;22(2):152-65.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  57. High-throughput screening assay for the identification of compounds regulating self-renewal and differentiation in human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Desbordes SC, Placantonakis DG, Ciro A, Socci ND, Lee G, Djaballah H, Studer L
    Cell Stem Cell, 2008;2(6):602-12.
  58. A small peptide modeled after the NRAGE repeat domain inhibits XIAP-TAB1-TAK1 signaling for NF-kappaB activation and apoptosis in P19 cells.
    Authors: Rochira JA, Matluk NN, Adams TL, Karaczyn AA, Oxburgh L, Hess ST, Verdi JM
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(7):e20659.
  59. HHEX promotes hepatic-lineage specification through the negative regulation of eomesodermin.
    Authors: Watanabe, Hitoshi, Takayama, Kazuo, Inamura, Mitsuru, Tachibana, Masashi, Mimura, Natsumi, Katayama, Kazufumi, Tashiro, Katsuhis, Nagamoto, Yasuhito, Sakurai, Fuminori, Kawabata, Kenji, Furue, Miho Kus, Mizuguchi, Hiroyuki
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(3):e90791.
  60. MicroRNA-155 controls RB phosphorylation in normal and malignant B lymphocytes via the noncanonical TGF-beta1/SMAD5 signaling module.
    Authors: Jiang D, Aguiar R
    Blood, 2014;123(1):86-93.
  61. The endothelial cell line bEnd.3 maintains human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Joubin, Katherin, Richardson, Amelia, Novoa, Natalia, Tu, Edmund, Tomishima, Mark J
    Stem Cells Dev, 2012;21(12):2312-21.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  62. Generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells using epigenetic regulators reveals a germ cell-like identity in partially reprogrammed colonies.
    Authors: Goyal, Akshi, Chavez, Shawn L, Reijo Pera, Renee A
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e82838.
  63. Down-regulation of Kruppel-like Factor-4 (KLF4) by MicroRNA-143/145 Is Critical for Modulation of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Phenotype by Transforming Growth Factor-{beta} and Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4.
    Authors: Davis-Dusenbery BN, Chan MC, Reno KE, Weisman AS, Layne MD, Lagna G, Hata A
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(32):28097-110.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  64. New cell lines from mouse epiblast share defining features with human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Tesar PJ, Chenoweth JG, Brook FA, Davies TJ, Evans EP, Mack DL, Gardner RL, McKay RD
    Nature, 2007;448(7150):196-9.
  65. New role of bone morphogenetic protein 7 in brown adipogenesis and energy expenditure.
    Authors: Tseng YH, Kokkotou E, Schulz TJ, Huang TL, Winnay JN, Taniguchi CM, Tran TT, Suzuki R, Espinoza DO, Yamamoto Y, Ahrens MJ, Dudley AT, Norris AW, Kulkarni RN, Kahn CR
    Nature, 2008;454(7207):1000-4.
  66. Regulation of ADMP and BMP2/4/7 at opposite embryonic poles generates a self-regulating morphogenetic field.
    Authors: Reversade B, De Robertis EM
    Cell, 2005;123(6):1147-60.
    Species: Xenopus
    Application: In Vivo
  67. Efficient generation of functional CFTR-expressing airway epithelial cells from human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Wong, Amy P, Chin, Stephani, Xia, Sunny, Garner, Jodi, Bear, Christin, Rossant, Janet
    Nat Protoc, 2015;10(3):363-81.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  68. Generation of human vascular smooth muscle subtypes provides insight into embryological origin-dependent disease susceptibility.
    Authors: Cheung C, Bernardo AS, Trotter MW
    Nat. Biotechnol., 2012;30(2):165-73.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  69. Bone morphogenetic protein-2/-4 upregulation promoted by endothelial cells in coculture enhances mouse embryoid body differentiation.
    Authors: Talavera-Adame, Dodanim, Gupta, Ankur, Kurtovic, Silvia, Chaiboonma, Kira L, Arumugaswami, Vaithili, Dafoe, Donald C
    Stem Cells Dev, 2013;22(24):3252-60.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  70. A novel role for an RNA polymerase III subunit POLR3G in regulating pluripotency in human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Wong RC, Pollan S, Fong H, Ibrahim A, Smith EL, Ho M, Laslett AL, Donovan PJ
    Stem Cells, 2011;29(10):1517-27.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  71. Sertoli cell-conditioned medium induces germ cell differentiation in human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Geens M, Sermon KD
    J. Assist. Reprod. Genet., 2011;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  72. Cross-talk between fibroblast growth factor and bone morphogenetic proteins regulates gap junction-mediated intercellular communication in lens cells.
    Authors: Boswell BA, Lein PJ, Musil LS
    Mol. Biol. Cell, 2008;19(6):2631-41.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  73. Soluble Endoglin Specifically Binds Bone Morphogenetic Proteins 9 and 10 via Its Orphan Domain, Inhibits Blood Vessel Formation, and Suppresses Tumor Growth.
    Authors: Castonguay R, Werner ED, Matthews RG, Presman E, Mulivor AW, Solban N, Sako D, Pearsall RS, Underwood KW, Seehra J, Kumar R, Grinberg AV
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(34):30034-46.
    Species: Human
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  74. The hedgehog system in ovarian follicles of cattle selected for twin ovulations and births: evidence of a link between the IGF and hedgehog systems.
    Authors: Aad, Pauline, Echternkamp, Sherrill, Sypherd, David D, Schreiber, Nicole B, Spicer, Leon J
    Biol Reprod, 2012;87(4):79.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  75. Activation of the BMP canonical signaling pathway in human optic nerve head tissue and isolated optic nerve head astrocytes and lamina cribrosa cells.
    Authors: Zode GS, Clark AF, Wordinger RJ
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2007;48(11):5058-67.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  76. Gremlin-1 induces BMP-independent tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion.
    Authors: Kim M, Yoon S, Lee S
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(4):e35100.
    Species: Human
    Application: Binding Assay
  77. BMP-3 promotes mesenchymal stem cell proliferation through the TGF-beta/activin signaling pathway.
    Authors: Stewart A, Guan H, Yang K
    J. Cell. Physiol., 2010;223(3):658-66.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  78. Role of Smad proteins in resistance to BMP-induced growth inhibition in B-cell lymphoma.
    Authors: Huse K, Bakkebo M, Walchli S, Oksvold M, Hilden V, Forfang L, Bredahl M, Liestol K, Alizadeh A, Smeland E, Myklebust J
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(10):e46117.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  79. Long-term tripotent differentiation capacity of human neural stem (NS) cells in adherent culture.
    Authors: Sun Y, Pollard S, Conti L, Toselli M, Biella G, Parkin G, Willatt L, Falk A, Cattaneo E, Smith A
    Mol. Cell. Neurosci., 2008;38(2):245-58.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  80. Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors.
    Authors: Takahashi K, Tanabe K, Ohnuki M, Narita M, Ichisaka T, Tomoda K, Yamanaka S
    Cell, 2007;131(5):861-72.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  81. FGF8 acts as a right determinant during establishment of the left-right axis in the rabbit.
    Authors: Fischer A, Viebahn C, Blum M
    Curr. Biol., 2002;12(21):1807-16.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: Bioassay
  82. A rapid and sensitive bioassay for the simultaneous measurement of multiple bone morphogenetic proteins. Identification and quantification of BMP4, BMP6 and BMP9 in bovine and human serum.
    Authors: Herrera B, Inman GJ,
    BMC Cell Biol., 2009;10(0):20.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  83. Tal1/Scl gene transduction using a lentiviral vector stimulates highly efficient hematopoietic cell differentiation from common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Kurita R, Sasaki E, Yokoo T, Hiroyama T, Takasugi K, Imoto H, Izawa K, Dong Y, Hashiguchi T, Soda Y, Maeda T, Suehiro Y, Tanioka Y, Nakazaki Y, Tani K
    Stem Cells, 2006;24(9):2014-22.
    Species: Primate - Callitrix jacchus (common marmoset)
    Application: Bioassay
  84. Differential requirements for hematopoietic commitment between human and rhesus embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Rajesh&lt;/LastName&gt;&lt;ForeNam D&lt;/Initial, Rajesh D, Chinnasamy N, Mitalipov SM, Wolf DP, Slukvin I, Thomson JA, Shaaban AF
    Stem Cells, 2007;25(2):490-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  85. The in vitro generation of lung and airway progenitor cells from human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Huang S, Green M, de Carvalho A, Mumau M, Chen Y, D'Souza S, Snoeck H
    Nat Protoc, 2015;10(3):413-25.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  86. Human cardiovascular progenitor cells develop from a KDR+ embryonic-stem-cell-derived population.
    Authors: Yang L, Soonpaa MH, Adler ED, Roepke TK, Kattman SJ, Kennedy M, Henckaerts E, Bonham K, Abbott GW, Linden RM, Field LJ, Keller GM
    Nature, 2008;453(7194):524-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  87. Canonical Wnt signaling is required for development of embryonic stem cell-derived mesoderm.
    Authors: Lindsley RC, Gill JG, Kyba M, Murphy TL, Murphy KM
    Development, 2006;133(19):3787-96.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  88. Inhibitory Smad transcription factors protect arterial endothelial cells from apoptosis induced by BMP4.
    Authors: Kiyono M, Shibuya M
    Oncogene, 2006;25(54):7131-7.
  89. Scaffold-free human cardiac tissue patch created from embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Stevens KR, Pabon L, Muskheli V
    Tissue Eng Part A, 2009;15(6):1211-22.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  90. Limited gene expression variation in human embryonic stem cell and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived endothelial cells.
    Authors: White M, Rufaihah A, Liu L, Ghebremariam Y, Ivey K, Cooke J, Srivastava D
    Stem Cells, 2013;31(1):92-103.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  91. Essential role of BMPs in FGF-induced secondary lens fiber differentiation.
    Authors: Boswell BA, Overbeek PA, Musil LS
    Dev. Biol., 2008;324(2):202-12.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  92. Repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family proteins exhibit differential binding kinetics for bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs).
    Authors: Wu, Qifang, Sun, Chia Chi, Lin, Herbert, Babitt, Jodie L
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(9):e46307.
    Species: Human
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  93. Signaling hierarchy regulating human endothelial cell development.
    Authors: Kelly MA, Hirschi KK
    Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol., 2009;29(5):718-24.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  94. Biphasic induction of Pdx1 in mouse and human embryonic stem cells can mimic development of pancreatic beta-cells.
    Authors: Bernardo AS, Cho CH, Mason S, Docherty HM, Pedersen RA, Vallier L, Docherty K
    Stem Cells, 2009;27(2):341-51.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  95. GDF3 is a BMP inhibitor that can activate Nodal signaling only at very high doses.
    Authors: Levine AJ, Levine ZJ, Brivanlou AH
    Dev. Biol., 2009;325(1):43-8.
    Species: Xenopus
    Application: Bioassay
  96. Bone morphogenic protein antagonist Drm/gremlin is a novel proangiogenic factor.
    Authors: Stabile H, Mitola S, Moroni E, Belleri M, Nicoli S, Coltrini D, Peri F, Pessi A, Orsatti L, Talamo F, Castronovo V, Waltregny D, Cotelli F, Ribatti D, Presta M
    Blood, 2007;109(5):1834-40.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
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