Recombinant Human BMP-6 Protein, CF

(39 citations)   
  • Purity
    >95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to induce alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cells. Nakamura, K. et al. (1999) Exp. Cell Res. 250:351. The ED50 for this effect is 0.02‑0.15 µg/mL.
  • Source
    Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived Gln382-His513
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
    Analysis
    Gln382
  • Structure / Form
    Disulfide-linked homodimer
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    15 kDa (monomer)
  • SDS-PAGE
    18 kDa, reducing conditions
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
507-BP/CF
 
507-BP
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl. 
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images
Recombinant Human BMP-6 (Catalog #
507-BP/CF) induces alkaline phosphatase production in the ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cell line. The ED50 for this effect is 0.02‑0.15 μg/mL.
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human BMP-6 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing major bands at 18 kDa and 32 kDa, respectively.
Background: BMP-6
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6 (BMP-6), also known as Vgr-1, is a member of the BMP subfamily of TGF-beta superfamily proteins. BMPs are involved in a wide range of processes including embryogenesis, tissue morphogenesis, cell differentiation and migration, and tumorigenesis (1). Human BMP-6 is synthesized as a 513 amino acid (aa) precursor protein that is cleaved at the dibasic cleavage site (RxxR) to release the 18 kDa C-terminal mature protein. Biologically active BMP-6 consists of a disulfide-linked homodimer of the mature protein, although it can also form heterodimers with mature BMP-2 (2, 3). Mature human BMP-6 shares 96% and 98% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat BMP-6, respectively. Cellular responses to BMP-6 are mediated by hetero-oligomeric complexes of type I (Activin RIA/ALK-2 and BMPR-IA/ALK-3) and type II (Activin RIIA and BMPR-II) serine/threonine kinase receptors (4, 5). BMP-6 induces the expression of Noggin and is subsequently antagonized by Noggin (6). BMP-6 induces a wide range of cellular responses. It promotes osteoblast differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells (7), chondrocyte maturation (8), Ang II-induced aldosterone production in the adrenal cortex (4), hormone production and responsiveness in ovarian granulosa cells (9), iNOS and TNF-alpha production in macrophages (5), the cell death of B cells (10), and neurite outgrowth (11). BMP-6 expression is induced in astrocytes surrounding sites of brain injury where it functions as a neuroprotectant (11, 12). It enhances tumor progression by promoting local angiogenesis and differentiation of immune tolerizing M2 macrophages (13-15). Through interactions with the BMP coreceptor RGM-C/Hemojuvelin, BMP-6 plays an important role in iron homeostasis by promoting Hepcidin expression and preventing serum iron overload (16). Heterodimers of BMP-2 and BMP-6 show increased potency at inducing osteoblastic calcium deposition, chondrogenesis, and in vivo bone formation compared to either BMP-2 or BMP-6 homodimers (3).
  • References:
    1. Bragdon, B. et al. (2010) Cell Signal. 23:609.
    2. Celeste, A.J. et al. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:9843.
    3. Israel, D.I. et al. (1996) Growth Factors 13:291.
    4. Inagaki, K. et al. (2006) Endocrinology 147:2681.
    5. Hong, J.H. et al. (2008) Immunology 128:e442.
    6. Haudenschild, D.R. et al. (2004) Cancer Res. 64:8276.
    7. Lavery, K. et al. (2008) J. Biol. Chem. 283:20948.
    8. Grimsrud, C.D. et al. (1999) J. Bone Miner. Res. 14:475.
    9. Shi, J. et al. (2009) Fertil. Steril. 92:1794.
    10. Kersten, C. et al. (2005) BMC Immunol. 6:9.
    11. Yabe, T. et al. (2002) J. Neurosci. Res. 68:161.
    12. Zhang, Z. et al. (2006) Neuroscience 138:47.
    13. Dai, J. et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65:8274.
    14. Kwon, S.J. et al. (2014) Prostate 74:121.
    15. Lee, J.-H. et al. (2013) Cancer Res. 73:3604.
    16. Andriopoulos, B. Jr. et al. (2009) Nat. Genet. 41:482.
  • Long Name:
    Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    654 (Human); 12161 (Mouse); 25644 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    BMP6; BMP-6; bone morphogenetic protein 6; vegetal related growth factor (TGFB-related); vegetal-related (TGFB related) cytokine; VG-1-R; VG-1-related protein; Vg1-related sequence; VGR; VGR1; Vgr-1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

39 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Hepcidin is regulated by promoter-associated histone acetylation and HDAC3
    Authors: SR Pasricha, PJ Lim, TL Duarte, C Casu, D Oosterhuis, K Mleczko-Sa, M Suciu, AR Da Silva, K Al-Hourani, J Arezes, K McHugh, S Gooding, JN Frost, K Wray, A Santos, G Porto, E Repapi, N Gray, SJ Draper, N Ashley, E Soilleux, P Olinga, MU Muckenthal, JR Hughes, S Rivella, TA Milne, AE Armitage, H Drakesmith
    Nat Commun, 2017;8(1):403.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Different characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells isolated from different layers of full term placenta
    Authors: YS Choi, YB Park, CW Ha, JA Kim, JC Heo, WJ Han, SY Oh, SJ Choi
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(2):e0172642.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 9 and BMP10 enhance tumor necrosis factor-?-induced monocyte recruitment to the vascular endothelium mainly via activin receptor-like kinase 2
    Authors: CG Mitrofan, SL Appleby, GB Nash, Z Mallat, ER Chilvers, PD Upton, NW Morrell
    J. Biol. Chem., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  4. BMP-7 induces apoptosis in human germinal center B cells and is influenced by TGF-? receptor type I ALK5
    Authors: LK Bollum, K Huse, MP Oksvold, B Bai, VI Hilden, L Forfang, SO Yoon, S Wälchli, EB Smeland, JH Myklebust
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(5):e0177188.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  5. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), a new bone morphogenetic protein-2 and -4 (BMP-2/4) antagonist identified in pituitary cells
    Authors: C Sallon, I Callebaut, I Boulay, J Fontaine, D Logeart-Av, C Henriquet, M Pugnière, X Cayla, P Monget, G Harichaux, V Labas, S Canepa, C Taragnat
    J. Biol. Chem., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  6. Supraphysiological levels of GDF11 induce striated muscle atrophy
    Authors: DW Hammers, M Merscham-B, JY Hsiao, S Engst, JJ Hartman, HL Sweeney
    EMBO Mol Med, 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  7. Anatomically shaped tissue-engineered cartilage with tunable and inducible anticytokine delivery for biological joint resurfacing
    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  8. Tumor-Derived Factors and Reduced p53 Promote Endothelial Cell Centrosome Over-Duplication
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(12):e0168334.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  9. Aquaporin gene therapy corrects Sj�gren's syndrome phenotype in mice
    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2016;113(20):5694-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  10. Hepcidin regulation in prostate and its disruption in prostate cancer.
    Authors: Tesfay L, Clausen K, Kim J, Hegde P, Wang X, Miller L, Deng Z, Blanchette N, Arvedson T, Miranti C, Babitt J, Lin H, Peehl D, Torti F, Torti S
    Cancer Res, 2015;75(11):2254-63.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  11. Bone morphogenetic proteins are mediators of luteolysis in the human corpus luteum.
    Authors: Nio-Kobayashi J, Trendell J, Giakoumelou S, Boswell L, Nicol L, Kudo M, Sakuragi N, Iwanaga T, Duncan W
    Endocrinology, 2015;156(4):1494-503.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  12. Reduced BMP6 expression by DNA methylation contributes to EMT and drug resistance in breast cancer cells.
    Authors: Liu G, Liu Y, Lian W, Zhao Z, Yi T, Zhou H
    Oncol Rep, 2014;32(2):581-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  13. Chondrogenesis of infrapatellar fat pad derived adipose stem cells in 3D printed chitosan scaffold.
    Authors: Ye K, Felimban R, Traianedes K, Moulton S, Wallace G, Chung J, Quigley A, Choong P, Myers D
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(6):e99410.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Unbiased RNAi screen for hepcidin regulators links hepcidin suppression to proliferative Ras/RAF and nutrient-dependent mTOR signaling.
    Authors: Mleczko-Sanecka K, Roche F, Da Silva A, Call D, D'Alessio F, Ragab A, Lapinski P, Ummanni R, Korf U, Oakes C, Damm G, D'Alessandro L, Klingmuller U, King P, Boutros M, Hentze M, Muckenthaler M
    Blood, 2014;123(10):1574-85.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Human fetal and adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells use different signaling pathways for the initiation of chondrogenesis.
    Authors: Brady K, Dickinson S, Guillot P, Polak J, Blom A, Kafienah W, Hollander A
    Stem Cells Dev, 2014;23(5):541-54.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  16. Bone morphogenetic protein-9 suppresses growth of myeloma cells by signaling through ALK2 but is inhibited by endoglin.
    Authors: Olsen O, Wader K, Misund K, Vatsveen T, Ro T, Mylin A, Turesson I, Stordal B, Moen S, Standal T, Waage A, Sundan A, Holien T
    Blood Cancer J, 2014;4(0):e196.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  17. MicroRNA-130a is up-regulated in mouse liver by iron deficiency and targets the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor ALK2 to attenuate BMP signaling and hepcidin transcription.
    Authors: Zumbrennen-Bullough K, Wu Q, Core A, Canali S, Chen W, Theurl I, Meynard D, Babitt J
    J Biol Chem, 2014;289(34):23796-808.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  18. Analysis of the effects of five factors relevant to in vitro chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells using factorial design and high throughput mRNA-profiling.
    Authors: Jakobsen R, Ostrup E, Zhang X, Mikkelsen T, Brinchmann J
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(5):e96615.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  19. Brown fat determination and development from muscle precursor cells by novel action of bone morphogenetic protein 6.
    Authors: Sharma A, Huard C, Vernochet C, Ziemek D, Knowlton K, Tyminski E, Paradis T, Zhang Y, Jones J, von Schack D, Brown C, Milos P, Coyle A, Tremblay F, Martinez R
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(3):e92608.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  20. Functional link between bone morphogenetic proteins and insulin-like peptide 3 signaling in modulating ovarian androgen production.
    Authors: Glister C, Satchell L, Bathgate R, Wade J, Dai Y, Ivell R, Anand-Ivell R, Rodgers R, Knight P
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2013;110(15):E1426-35.
    Species: Bovine
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  21. MicroRNA-22 is a master regulator of bone morphogenetic protein-7/6 homeostasis in the kidney.
    Authors: Long, Jianyin, Badal, Shawn S, Wang, Yin, Chang, Benny H, Rodriguez, Antony, Danesh, Farhad R
    J Biol Chem, 2013;288(51):36202-14.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  22. Signalling pathways mediating specific synergistic interactions between GDF9 and BMP15.
    Authors: Mottershead D, Ritter L, Gilchrist R
    Mol Hum Reprod, 2012;18(3):121-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  23. Derivation of cerebellar neurons from human pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Erceg S, Lukovic D, Moreno-Manzano V, Stojkovic M, Bhattacharya S
    Curr Protoc Stem Cell Biol, 2012;20(0):1H.51.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  24. Role of Smad proteins in resistance to BMP-induced growth inhibition in B-cell lymphoma.
    Authors: Huse K, Bakkebo M, Walchli S, Oksvold M, Hilden V, Forfang L, Bredahl M, Liestol K, Alizadeh A, Smeland E, Myklebust J
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(10):e46117.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  25. Repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family proteins exhibit differential binding kinetics for bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs).
    Authors: Wu, Qifang, Sun, Chia Chi, Lin, Herbert, Babitt, Jodie L
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(9):e46307.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  26. Soluble Endoglin Specifically Binds Bone Morphogenetic Proteins 9 and 10 via Its Orphan Domain, Inhibits Blood Vessel Formation, and Suppresses Tumor Growth.
    Authors: Castonguay R, Werner ED, Matthews RG, Presman E, Mulivor AW, Solban N, Sako D, Pearsall RS, Underwood KW, Seehra J, Kumar R, Grinberg AV
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(34):30034-46.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  27. Regulation of TMPRSS6 by BMP6 and iron in human cells and mice.
    Authors: Meynard D, Vaja V, Sun CC, Corradini E, Chen S, Lopez-Otin C, Grgurevic L, Hong CC, Stirnberg M, Gutschow M, Vukicevic S, Babitt JL, Lin HY
    Blood, 2011;118(3):747-56.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  28. Bone morphogenetic proteins inhibit CD40L/IL-21-induced Ig production in human B cells: differential effects of BMP-6 and BMP-7.
    Authors: Huse K, Bakkebo M, Oksvold MP, Forfang L, Hilden VI, Stokke T, Smeland EB, Myklebust JH
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2011;41(11):3135-45.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  29. Bone morphogenetic proteins and receptors are over-expressed in bone-marrow cells of multiple myeloma patients and support myeloma cells by inducing ID genes.
    Authors: Grcevic D, Kusec R, Kovacic N, Lukic A, Lukic IK, Ivcevic S, Nemet D, Seiwerth RS, Ostojic SK, Croucher PI, Marusic A
    Leuk. Res., 2010;34(6):742-51.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  30. The 12th-14th type III repeats of fibronectin function as a highly promiscuous growth factor-binding domain.
    Authors: Martino MM, Hubbell JA
    FASEB J., 2010;24(12):4711-21.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  31. Effect of direct ovarian infusion of bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) on ovarian function in sheep.
    Authors: Campbell BK, Kendall NR, Baird DT
    Biol. Reprod., 2009;81(5):1016-23.
    Species: Ovine
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In Vivo
  32. Fibroblast growth factors and epidermal growth factor cooperate with oocyte-derived members of the TGFbeta superfamily to regulate Spry2 mRNA levels in mouse cumulus cells.
    Authors: Sugiura K, Su YQ, Li Q, Wigglesworth K, Matzuk MM, Eppig JJ
    Biol. Reprod., 2009;81(5):833-41.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  33. A rapid and sensitive bioassay for the simultaneous measurement of multiple bone morphogenetic proteins. Identification and quantification of BMP4, BMP6 and BMP9 in bovine and human serum.
    Authors: Herrera B, Inman GJ,
    BMC Cell Biol., 2009;10(0):20.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  34. New role of bone morphogenetic protein 7 in brown adipogenesis and energy expenditure.
    Authors: Tseng YH, Kokkotou E, Schulz TJ, Huang TL, Winnay JN, Taniguchi CM, Tran TT, Suzuki R, Espinoza DO, Yamamoto Y, Ahrens MJ, Dudley AT, Norris AW, Kulkarni RN, Kahn CR
    Nature, 2008;454(7207):1000-4.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  35. Targeting of bone morphogenetic protein growth factor complexes to fibrillin.
    Authors: Sengle G, Charbonneau NL, Ono RN, Sasaki T, Alvarez J, Keene DR, Bachinger HP, Sakai LY
    J. Biol. Chem., 2008;283(20):13874-88.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: complex formation
  36. Differentiation of ES cells into cerebellar neurons.
    Authors: Salero E, Hatten ME
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2007;104(8):2997-3002.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  37. Sequential roles for myosin-X in BMP6-dependent filopodial extension, migration, and activation of BMP receptors.
    Authors: Pi X, Ren R, Kelley R, Zhang C, Moser M, Bohil AB, Divito M, Cheney RE, Patterson C
    J. Cell Biol., 2007;179(7):1569-82.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  38. BMP-6 inhibits human bone marrow B lymphopoiesis--upregulation of Id1 and Id3.
    Authors: Kersten C, Dosen G, Myklebust JH, Sivertsen EA, Hystad ME, Smeland EB, Rian E
    Exp. Hematol., 2006;34(1):72-81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  39. BMPER, a novel endothelial cell precursor-derived protein, antagonizes bone morphogenetic protein signaling and endothelial cell differentiation.
    Authors: Moser M, Binder O, Wu Y, Aitsebaomo J, Ren R, Bode C, Bautch VL, Conlon FL, Patterson C
    Mol. Cell. Biol., 2003;23(16):5664-79.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
Expand to show all 39 Citations

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