Recombinant Human LILRB1/CD85j/ILT2 His Avi-tag Protein, CF Summary
Accession # Q8NHL6.1
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
When Human LILRB1/CD85j/ILT2 Antibody (MAB20172) is immobilized at 0.2 µg/mL (100 µL/well), Biotinylated Recombinant Human LILRB1/CD85j/ILT2 His-tag Avi-tag Protein (Catalog # AVI8989) binds with an ED50 of 0.600-9.00 ng/mL.
2 μg/lane of Biotinylated Recombinant Human LILRB1/CD85j/ILT2 His-tag Avi-tag Protein (Catalog # AVI8989) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 70-80 kDa.
LILRB1, also known as CD85j and ILT2, is a 110 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein in the LILR immunoregulatory protein family (1). Mature human LILRB1 consists of a 438 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with 4 tandem Ig-like domains, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 168 aa cytoplasmic domain with 4 inhibitory ITIM motifs (2). Alternative splicing generates an additional isoform that lacks the transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions (3). LILRB1 is expressed on the surface of B cells and monocytes, as well as subsets of NK cells, memory/effector CD8+ T cells, gamma δ T cells, and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (3-7). LILRB1 binds to MHC-I as well as non-classical MHC-I molecules (e.g. HLA-F, HLA-G, and HLA-B27) and the MHC-I mimetic UL18 encoded by cytomegalovirus (3, 5, 8-10). R&D Systems in-house testing indicates that LILRB1 also binds to Angiopoietin-like 7. Ligation of LILRB1 inhibits the antigen induced proliferation and activation of CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, NK cells, and gamma δ T cells (3, 4, 11-13). On dendritic cells, ligation inhibits the production of IL-10, IL-12p70, and TGF-beta and protects from Fas-mediated apoptosis (7). Our Avi-tag Biotinylated human LILRB1 His-tag protein features biotinylation at a single site contained within the Avi-tag, a unique 15 amino acid peptide. Protein orientation will be uniform when bound to streptavidin-coated surface due to the precise control of biotinylation and the rest of the protein is unchanged so there is no interference in the protein's bioactivity.
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