Catalog Number: 0925
Alternate Names: (R)-(+)-SCH 23390 hydrochloride
Chemical Name: (R)-(+)-7-Chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine hydrochloride
Biological Activity
Potent dopamine receptor antagonist (Ki values are 0.2 nM and 0.3 nM at D1 and D5 receptor sub-types, respectively). Also an agonist at 5-HT1C and 5-HT2C receptors in vitro (Ki values are 6.3 nM and 9.3 nM respectively). Blocks quinpirole-induced Kir3 (GIRK) currents (EC50 = 268 nM) independently of receptors.
Technical Data
  • M.Wt:
    324.24
  • Formula:
    C17H18ClNO.HCl
  • Solubility:
    Soluble to 100 mM in water with gentle warming and to 50 mM in ethanol
  • Purity:
    >98%
  • Storage:
    Desiccate at +4°C
  • CAS No:
    125941-87-9
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis. All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Background References
  1. Activation of the 5-HT1C receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes by the benzazepines SCH 23390 and SKF 38393.
    Briggs et al.
    Br.J.Pharmacol., 1991;104:1038
  2. SCH 23390: The first selective dopamine D1-like receptor antagonist.
    Bourne et al.
    CNS Drug Rev., 2001;7:399
  3. The "selective" dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390, is a potent and high efficacy agonist against cloned human serotonin2C receptors.
    Millan et al.
    Psychopharmacology, 2001;156:58
  4. Classic D1 dopamine receptor antagonist R-(+)-7-chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine hydrochloride (SCH23390) directly inhibits G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channels.
    Kuzhikandathil and Oxford
    Mol.Pharmacol., 2002;62:119
Citations:

The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for SCH 23390 hydrochloride include:

41 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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  1. Fasting biases μ-opioid receptors toward β-arrestin2 dependent signaling in the accumbens shell.
    Authors: Scheggi
    Neuroscience 2017;352:19
  2. Dopamine D4 receptor activation restores CA1 LTP in hippocampal slices from aged mice.
    Authors: Guo
    Aging Cell 2017;16(6):1323
  3. Nicotinic and opioid receptor regulation of striatal dopamine D2-receptor mediated transmission
    Authors: Mamaligas Et al.
    Scientific Reports 2016;6:37834
  4. The σ1 receptor regulates accumulation of GM1 ganglioside-enriched autophagosomes in astrocytes
    Authors: Kasaharaa Et al.
    Neuroscience 2016;340:176
  5. Endogenous 17β-estradiol is required for activity-dependent long-term potentiation in the striatum: interaction with the dopaminergic system.
    Authors: Tozzi Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci 2015;9:192
  6. L-Stepholidine rescues memory deficit and synaptic plasticity in models of Alzheimer's disease via activating dopamine D1 receptor/PKA signaling pathway.
    Authors: Hao Et al.
    Cell Death Dis 2015;6:e1965
  7. Retroactive modulation of spike timing-dependent plasticity by dopamine.
    Authors: Brzosko Et al.
    Elife 2015;4
  8. Incubation of methamphetamine craving is associated with selective increases in expression of Bdnf and trkb, glutamate receptors, and epigenetic enzymes in cue-activated fos-expressing dorsal striatal neurons.
    Authors: Li Et al.
    Learn Mem 2015;35:8232
  9. Spinal dopaminergic projections control the transition to pathological pain plasticity via a D1/D5-mediated mechanism.
    Authors: Kim Et al.
    J Neurosci 2015;35:6307
  10. Evaluation of AaDOP2 receptor antagonists reveals antidepressants and antipsychotics as novel lead molecules for control of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti.
    Authors: Conley Et al.
    PLoS One 2015;352:53
  11. Dopaminergic modulation of appetitive trace conditioning: the role of D1 receptors in medial prefrontal cortex.
    Authors: Pezze Et al.
    Behav Neurosci 2015;232:2669
  12. Regionally selective requirement for D1/D5 dopaminergic neurotransmission in the medial prefrontal cortex in object-in-place associative recognition memory.
    Authors: Savalli Et al.
    PLoS One 2015;22:69
  13. A critical role of nucleus accumbens dopamine D1-family receptors in renewal of alcohol seeking after punishment-imposed abstinence.
    Authors: Marchant and Kaganovsky
    PLoS One 2015;129:281
  14. Pharmacological Characterization of 5-HT1A Autoreceptor-Coupled GIRK Channels in Rat Dorsal Raphe 5-HT Neurons.
    Authors: Montalbano Et al.
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2015;10:e0140369
  15. Blocking Dopaminergic Signaling Soon after Learning Impairs Memory Consolidation in Guinea Pigs.
    Authors: Lee and Chirwa
    Nat Neurosci 2015;10:e0135578
  16. Dopamine Promotes Motor Cortex Plasticity and Motor Skill Learning via PLC Activation.
    Authors: Rioult-Pedotti Et al.
    PLoS One 2015;10:e0124986
  17. Effect of dopaminergic D1 receptors on plasticity is dependent of serotoninergic 5-HT1A receptors in L5-pyramidal neurons of the prefrontal cortex.
    Authors: Meunier Et al.
    PLoS One 2015;10:e0120286
  18. Phasic dopamine release drives rapid activation of striatal D2-receptors.
    Authors: Marcott Et al.
    Neuron 2014;84:164
  19. Korean Red Ginseng attenuates anxiety-like behavior during ethanol withdrawal in rats.
    Authors: Zhao Et al.
    Br J Pharmacol 2014;38:256
  20. Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 knockout promotes motor and biochemical alterations in a mouse model of Huntington's disease.
    Authors: Ribeiro Et al.
    J Neurosci 2014;23:2030
  21. Dopamine D1 and corticotrophin-releasing hormone type-2α receptors assemble into functionally interacting complexes in living cells.
    Authors: Fuenzalida Et al.
    J Clin Invest 2014;171:5650
  22. Age-dependent regulation of synaptic connections by dopamine D2 receptors.
    Authors: Jia Et al.
    Nat Neurosci 2013;16:1627
  23. Sucrose produces withdrawal and dopamine-sensitive reinforcing effects in planarians.
    Authors: Zhang Et al.
    Physiol Behav 2013;112-113:8
  24. SKF83959, an agonist of phosphatidylinositol-linked D(1)-like receptors, promotes ERK1/2 activation and cell migration in cultured rat astrocytes.
    Authors: Huang Et al.
    Neuroscience 2012;7:e49954
  25. Stimulation of dopamine receptor D5 expressed on dendritic cells potentiates Th17-mediated immunity.
    Authors: Prado Et al.
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2012;188:3062
  26. Mephedrone ('bath salt') elicits conditioned place preference and dopamine-sensitive motor activation.
    Authors: Lisek Et al.
    Drug Alcohol Depend 2012;126:257
  27. Exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields induces fos-related antigen-immunoreactivity via activation of dopaminergic d1 receptor.
    Authors: Shin Et al.
    Hum Mol Genet 2011;20:130
  28. Dopamine receptor mechanisms mediate corticotropin-releasing factor-induced long-term potentiation in the rat amygdala following cocaine withdrawal.
    Authors: Krishnan Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci 2010;31:1027
  29. Dopamine-dependent tuning of striatal inhibitory synaptogenesis.
    Authors: Goffin Et al.
    J Neurosci 2010;30:2935
  30. Amphetamine up-regulates activator of G-protein signaling 1 mRNA and protein levels in rat frontal cortex: the role of dopamine and glucocorticoid receptors.
    Authors: Schwendt and McGinty
    J Neurosci 2010;168:96
  31. MeCP2 in the nucleus accumbens contributes to neural and behavioral responses to psychostimulants.
    Authors: Deng Et al.
    J Ginseng Res 2010;13:1128
  32. Amphetamine modulation of long-term potentiation in the prefrontal cortex: dose dependency, monoaminergic contributions, and paradoxical rescue in hyperdopaminergic mutant.
    Authors: Xu Et al.
    Exp Neurobiol 2010;115:1643
  33. Post-translational modification of glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 by intermittent hypoxia: evidence for the involvement of dopamine D1 receptor signaling.
    Authors: Raghuraman Et al.
    J Neurochem 2010;115:1568
  34. Hyperdopaminergic tone erodes prefrontal long-term potential via a D2 receptor-operated protein phosphatase gate.
    Authors: Xu Et al.
    J Immunol 2009;29:14086
  35. Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission: frequency-dependent modulation in the mesoventromedial projection.
    Authors: Chuhma Et al.
    Neuroscience 2009;164:1068
  36. Electrophysiology and pharmacology of striatal neuronal dysfunction induced by mitochondrial complex I inhibition.
    Authors: Costa Et al.
    J Neurosci 2008;28:8040
  37. Dopamine enhances fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the extended amygdala by a CRF-R1-dependent process.
    Authors: Kash Et al.
    J Neurochem 2008;28:13856
  38. Coregulation of natively expressed pertussis toxin-sensitive muscarinic receptors with G-protein-activated potassium channels.
    Authors: Clancy Et al.
    PLoS One 2007;27:6388
  39. Cellular localization and function of DARPP-32 in the rodent retina.
    Authors: Witkovsky Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci 2007;25:3233
  40. Prolonged wakefulness induces experience-dependent synaptic plasticity in mouse hypocretin/orexin neurons.
    Authors: Rao Et al.
    J Neurosci 2007;117:4022
  41. Dopamine targets cycling B cells independent of receptors/transporter for oxidative attack: Implications for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
    Authors: Meredith Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2006;103:13485
Expand to show all 41 Citations

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