Neuropeptide with many biological actions; plays a role in neurotransmission, smooth muscle relaxation and has trophic and mitogenic actions.
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Transmitter role of vasoactive intestinal peptide.
Vasoactive intestinal peptide shortens both G1 and S phases of neural cell cycle in whole postimplantation cultured mouse embryos.
Gressens et al.
Interactive mechanisms among pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide, vasoactive intestinal peptide, and parathyroid hormone receptors in guinea pig cecal circular smooth muscle cells.
Motomura et al.