Detects human B7‑2/CD86 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) B7-1, recombinant mouse B7-2, recombinant rat B7-2, rhB7-H1, rhB7-H2, rhB7-H3, rhB7-H3b, rhB7-H4, or rhB7-L2 is observed.
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 37301
Protein A or G purified from ascites
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human B7‑2/CD86
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
10 µL/106 cells
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of B7‑2/CD86 in Human Blood Monocytes by Flow Cytometry.
Human peripheral blood monocytes were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD14 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3832A) and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human B7‑2/CD86 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB141P) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Phycoerythrin Isotype Control (Catalog # IC002P). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
B7-1 and B7-2, together with their receptors CD28 and CTLA-4, constitute one of the dominant costimulatory pathways that regulate T- and B-cell responses. Although both CTLA-4 and CD28 can bind to the same ligands, CTLA-4 binds to B7-1 and B7-2 with a 20-100 fold higher affinity than CD28 and is involved in the down-regulation of the immune response. B7-1 is expressed on activated B cells, activated T cells, and macrophages. B7-2 is constitutively expressed on interdigitating dendritic cells, Langerhans cells, peripheral blood dendritic cells, memory B cells, and germinal center B cells. Additionally, B7-2 is expressed at low levels on monocytes and can be up-regulated through Interferon-gamma. B7-1 and B7-2 are both members of the immunoglobulin superfamily. Human B7-2 is a 329 amino acid (aa) protein containing a putative 23 aa signal peptide, a 224 aa extracellular domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 61 aa cytoplasmic domain. Human B7-2 and B7-1 share 26% amino acid identity. Human and mouse B7-2 share 50% amino acid identity. However, it has been observed that both human and mouse B7‑1 and B7‑2 can bind to either human or mouse CD28 and CTLA-4, suggesting that there are conserved amino acids which form the B7-1/B7-2/CD28/CTLA-4 critical binding sites.
Azuma, M. et al. (1993) Nature 366:76.
Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) Science 262:909.
Freeman, G. et al. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 174:625.
Selvakumar, A. et al. (1993) Immunogenetics 38:292.
Chen, C. et al. (1994) J. Immunol. 152:4929.
Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) J. Exp. Med. 178:2185.
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