Detection of CCL3/CCL4 in Human Blood Monocytes by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood monocytes treated with LPS were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD14 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3832A) and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human CCL3/CCL4 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC2701P) or (B) Mouse IgG2B Phycoerythrin Isotype Control (Catalog # IC0041P). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: CCL3/MIP-1 alpha
The Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins -1 alpha and -1 beta were originally co-purified from medium conditioned by an LPS-stimulated murine macrophage cell line. Human MIP-1 alpha refers to the products of several independently cloned cDNAs, including LD78, pL78, pAT464, and GOS19. These cDNAs all code for the same human protein that is a homologue of the murine MIP-1 alpha. Mature MIP-1 alpha and MIP-1 beta in both human and mouse share approximately 70% homology at the amino acid level. The MIP-1 proteins are members of the beta (C-C) subfamily of chemokines.
Both MIP-1 alpha and MIP-1 beta are monocyte chemoattractants in vitro. Additionally, the MIP-1 proteins have been reported to have chemoattractant and adhesive effects on lymphocytes, with MIP-1 alpha and MIP-1 beta preferentially attracting CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, respectively. MIP-1 alpha has also been shown to attract B cells as well as eosinophils. MIP-1 proteins have been reported to have multiple effects on hematopoietic precursor cells and MIP-1 alpha has been identified as a stem cell inhibitory factor that can inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells in vitro as well as in vivo. The functional receptors for MIP-1 alpha have been identified as CCR1 and CCR5.
Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
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