Detects human CXCL4/PF4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) CXCL6, recombinant human (rh) CXCL6, rhCXCL7, rmCXCL13 or rhCCL21 is observed.
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 170138
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
E. coli-derived recombinant human CXCL4/PF4 Glu32-Ser101 Accession # P02776.2
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Detection of CXCL4/PF4 in Human Dendritic Cells by Flow Cytometry.
Human immature dendritic cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CXCL4/PF4 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC7952P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC0041P, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
CXCL4, also known as Platelet Factor 4 (PF4), is an 8 kDa CXC chemokine that is stored in platelet alpha -granules as a
homotetramer and secreted abundantly during platelet activation. Human CXCL4 is a 101 amino acid (aa) protein with a 32 aa signal sequence and a 70 aa mature protein that includes granule targeting and heparin-binding sequences. CXCL4 has homology with IL-8 and beta -thromboglobulin and can form heteromultimers with IL-8. Mature human and mouse CXCL4 share 76% aa identity. The active protein consists of a tetramer composed of individual CXCL4 subunits. Megakaryocytes synthesize CXCL4 and store it as tetramers in alpha -granules. The CXCL4 tetramers are secreted by activated platelets and can be measured at micromolar levels in serum. In contrast to other CXC chemokines, CXCL4 lacks chemotactic activity for polymorphonuclear granulocytes. CXCL4 does not contain an ELR motif. However, many other functions have been observed for CXCL4. CXCL4 is involved in monocyte survivial and differentiation into macrophages, has anti-angiogenic activity and promotes granule Protein C activation. CXCL4 has been demonstrated to inhibit the binding of FGF-2 to high-affinity receptors and its subsequent internalization. Cell surface neutrophil chondroitin sulfate chains serve as CXCL4 binding sites; affinity is controlled by the degree of sulfation of these chains.
Poncz, M. et al. (1987) Blood 69:219.
Scheuerer, B. et al. (2000) Blood 95:1158.
Perollet, C. et al. (1998) Blood 91:3289.
Petersen, F. et al. (1998) J. Immunol. 161:4347.
Petersen, F. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:12376.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 -
Proteome-wide analysis and CXCL4 as a biomarker in systemic sclerosis
Authors: L van Bon, AJ Affandi, J Broen, RB Christmann, RJ Marijnisse, L Stawski, GA Farina, G Stifano, AL Mathes, M Cossu, M York, C Collins, M Wenink, R Huijbens, R Hesselstra, T Saxne, M DiMarzio, D Wuttge, SK Agarwal, JD Reveille, S Assassi, M Mayes, Y Deng, JP Drenth, J de Graaf, M den Heijer, CG Kallenberg, M Bijl, A Loof, WB van den Be, LA Joosten, V Smith, F de Keyser, R Scorza, C Lunardi, PL van Riel, M Vonk, W van Heerde, S Meller, B Homey, L Beretta, M Roest, M Trojanowsk, R Lafyatis, TR Radstake
N. Engl. J. Med, 2014;370(5):433-43.
Sample Type: Whole Cells
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