Human FGF acidic/FGF1 Biotinylated Antibody
Human FGF acidic/FGF1 Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # P05230
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: FGF acidic/FGF1
FGF acidic, also known as FGF1, ECGF, and HBGF-1, is a 17 kDa nonglycosylated member of the FGF family of mitogenic peptides. FGF acidic, which is produced by multiple cell types, stimulates the proliferation of all cells of mesodermal origin and many cells of neuroectodermal, ectodermal, and endodermal origin. It plays a number of roles in development, regeneration, and angiogenesis (1-3). Human FGF acidic shares 54% amino acid sequence identity with FGF basic and 17%-33% with other human FGFs. It shares 92%, 96%, 96%, and 96% aa sequence identity with bovine, mouse, porcine, and rat FGF acidic, respectively, and exhibits considerable species crossreactivity. Alternate splicing generates a truncated isoform of human FGF acidic that consists of the N-terminal 40% of the molecule and functions as a receptor antagonist (4). During its nonclassical secretion, FGF acidic associates with S100A13, copper ions, and the C2A domain of synaptotagmin 1 (5). It is released extracellularly as a disulfide-linked homodimer and is stored in complex with extracellular heparan sulfate (6). The ability of heparan sulfate to bind FGF acidic is determined by its pattern of sulfation, and alterations in this pattern during embryogenesis thereby regulate FGF acidic bioactivity (7). The association of FGF acidic with heparan sulfate is a prerequisite for its subsequent interaction with FGF receptors (8, 9). Ligation triggers receptor dimerization, transphosphorylation, and internalization of receptor/FGF complexes (10). Internalized FGF acidic can translocate to the cytosol with the assistance of Hsp90 and then migrate to the nucleus by means of its two nuclear localization signals (11-13). The phosphorylation of FGF acidic by nuclear PKC delta triggers its active export to the cytosol where it is dephosphorylated and degraded (14, 15). Intracellular FGF acidic functions as a survival factor by inhibiting p53 activity and proapoptotic signaling (16).
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- Guerrini, M. et al. (2007) Curr. Pharm. Des. 13:2045.
- Allen, B.L. and A.C. Rapraeger (2003) J. Cell Biol. 163:637.
- Robinson, C.J. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:42274.
- Mohammadi, M. et al. (2005) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 16:107.
- Wiedlocha, A. and V. Sorensen (2004) Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 286:45.
- Wesche, J. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:11405.
- Imamura, T. et al. (1990) Science 249:1567.
- Wesche, J. et al. (2005) Biochemistry 44:6071.
- Wiedlocha, A. et al. (2005) Mol. Biol. Cell 16:794.
- Nilsen, T. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:26245.
- Bouleau, S. et al. (2005) Oncogene 24:7839.
Citation for Human FGF acidic/FGF1 Biotinylated Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Targeting FGF19 inhibits tumor growth in colon cancer xenograft and FGF19 transgenic hepatocellular carcinoma models.
Authors: Desnoyers LR, Pai R, Ferrando RE, Hotzel K, Le T, Ross J, Carano R, D'Souza A, Qing J, Mohtashemi I, Ashkenazi A, French DM
Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
Applications: Western Blot
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