Human GDF-11/BMP-11 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB19583
MAB19583-SP
GDF‑11/BMP‑11  in HEK293 Human Cell Line.
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Human GDF-11/BMP-11 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human GDF‑11/BMP‑11 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 937320
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human GDF‑11/BMP‑11
Asn299-Ser407
Accession # O95390
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Immunocytochemistry
8-25 µg/mL
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Immunocytochemistry GDF‑11/BMP‑11  in HEK293 Human Cell Line. View Larger

GDF‑11/BMP‑11 in HEK293 Human Cell Line. GDF‑11/BMP‑11 was detected in immersion fixed HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with GDF-11 using Mouse Anti-Human GDF‑11/BMP‑11 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB19583) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: GDF-11/BMP-11

Growth Differentiation Factor 11 (GDF-11), also known as BMP-11, is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily and is highly related to GDF-8. GDF-11 encodes a 407 amino acid (aa) prepropeptide which contains a signal sequence for secretion and an RXXR proteolytic processing site to yield a 109 aa residue carboxy-terminal mature protein (1). Mature GDF-11 contains the canonical 7-cysteine motif common to other TGF-beta superfamily members; however, like the TGF-beta s, Activins and GDF-8, GDF-11 also contains one extra pair of cysteine residues. At the amino acid sequence level, mature human, mouse, rat and chicken GDF-11 are 99-100% identical. GDF-11 and GDF-8 share 90% amino acid sequence identity within the mature protein. As detected by in situ hybridization, GDF-11 is expressed in diverse regions of the mouse embryo: tailbud, somitic precursors, limbs, mandibular and branchial arches, dorsal neural tube, odontoblasts, nasal epithelium, and particular regions of the brain (1, 2). Targeted deletion of GDF-11, in mice, results in a spectrum of abnormalities including palatal malformation, vertebral defects, elongated trunks with a reduced or absent tail, missing or malformed kidneys, and an increased number of neurons in the olfactory epithelium (2-5). GDF-11 signals through the Activin type II receptors and induces phosphorylation of Smad2 to mediate axial patterning (6). Systemic GDF-11 levels decline with age and administration of higher levels of GDF-11 can reverse age-related cardiac hypertrophy (7). In addition, systemic administration of recombinant GDF-11 protein restores genomic integrity and health of muscle stem cells, neurovasculature and enhances neurogenesis (8, 9).

References
  1. Gamer, L.W. et al. (1999) Dev. Biol. 208: 222. 
  2. Nakashima, M. et al. (1999) Mech. Dev. 80:185.  
  3. Gad, J.M. and P.P.L. Tam (1999) Curr. Biol. 9:R783.  
  4. McPherron, A.C. et al. (1999) Nat. Genet. 22:260.
  5. Esquela, A.F. and S.J. Lee (2003) Dev. Biol. 257:356.
  6. Oh, S.P. et al. (2002) Genes & Dev. 16:274.
  7. Loffredo, F.S. et. al. (2013) Cell. 153.828.
  8. Katsimpardi, L. et. al. (2014) Science (ahead of print).
  9. Sinha, M. et. al. (2014) Science (ahead of print).
Long Name
Growth Differentiation Factor 11
Entrez Gene IDs
10220 (Human)
Alternate Names
BMP-11; BMP-11BMP11Bone morphogenetic protein 11; GDF11; GDF-11; growth differentiation factor 11; growth/differentiation factor 11

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Cell and Tissue Staining Kits

Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

Mouse IgG2B Antibody

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