Human IL-17RD/SEF Biotinylated Antibody

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BAF2275
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Human IL-17RD/SEF Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL‑17 RD/SEF in Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 30% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) IL-17 RD is observed and less than 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) IL-17 RC, rmIL‑17B R, and rhIL-17 R is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human IL‑17 RD/SEF
Ala27-Arg299
Accession # AAM77571
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human IL‑17 RD/SEF (Catalog # 2275-IL)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-17RD/SEF

Interleukin-17 receptor D (IL-17 RD), also known as SEF (similar expression to FGFs), is a type I transmembrane protein that is found in both the cytoplasm and plasma membrane (1-5). The gene for this protein belongs to a synexpression group originally identified in zebrafish where SEF is expressed along with FGF-3, -8, sprouty-2 (SPRY2) and SPRY4 (6, 7). By alternate splicing, two transcript variants, potentially encoding three protein isoforms, exist. One is a full-length long form, one a shortened form that uses an alternate start site, and one an alternate splice form that removes the classic signal sequence (1-4). These isoforms have different expression patterns, subcellular localization, and function. The membrane-bound long form of human IL-17RD is synthesized as a 739 amino acid (aa) precursor protein with a putative 27 aa signal peptide, a 272 aa extracellular domain, a 20 aa transmembrane segment and a 420 aa cytoplastic domain. The extracellular domain contains one Ig-like domain and a fibronectin type III motif. The cytoplasmic domain shares homology with the intracellular domains of IL-17 receptor family members and shows one TIR (Toll/IL-1 Receptor) domain and a putative TRAF6-binding motif (2). Natural IL-17 RD has been shown to form homomultimeric complexes (3). Unlike the alternate splice form of IL-17 RD that has a restricted pattern of expression, the full-length IL-17 RD isoform is expressed in most adult tissues and during embryonic development (3, 5). Functionally, IL-17 RD has been shown to be an inhibitor of FGF signaling. The molecule’s extracellular domain does not seem to be involved. There is an interaction between the intracellular domains of FGFR1/2 and IL-17 RD that blocks ERK dissociation from MEK, thereby interfering with downstream ERK activation of nuclear Elk-1 (8). IL-17 RD has also been reported to interact with TAK1 and induce JNK activation and apoptosis (9). Ligands that interact with the extracellular domain of IL-17 RD have not been identified.

References
  1. Furthauer, M. et al. (2002) Nat. Cell Biol. 4:170.
  2. Xiong, S. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:50273.
  3. Yang, R-B. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:33232.
  4. Preger, E. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:1229.
  5. Lin, W. et al. (2002) Mech. Dev. 113:163.
  6. Tsang, M. et al. (2002) Nat. Cell Biol. 4:165.
  7. Kovalenko, D. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:14087.
  8. Torii, S. et al. (2004) Dev. Cell 7:33.
  9. Yang, X. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:38099.
Long Name
Interleukin 17 Receptor D, Transcript Variant 3
Entrez Gene IDs
54756 (Human); 171463 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
FLJ35755; IL-17 RD; IL17RD; IL-17RD; IL-17RDIL-17 receptor D; IL17Rhom; IL17RLM; IL17RLMDKFZp434N1928; interleukin 17 receptor D; interleukin-17 receptor D; Interleukin-17 receptor-like protein; MGC133309; Sef homolog; SEF; SEFhSef

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