Human LAP (TGF-beta 1) Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB2463G
Detection  of LAP (TGF-beta 1) in Human Platelets by Flow Cytometry.
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Citations (1)
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Human LAP (TGF-beta 1) Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human LAP (TGF-beta 1) in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, this antibody does not cross-react with recombinant human (rh) TGF‑ beta 1, rhTGF‑ beta 2, rhTGF‑ beta 1.2, rhTGF‑ beta 3, or rhTGF‑ alpha.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 27232
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human LAP (TGF-beta 1)
Leu30-Arg278 (Cys33Ser)
Accession # P01137
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 488

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
5 µL/106 cells
See below
Immunocytochemistry
5-15 µg/mL
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Examples

Flow Cytometry Detection  of LAP (TGF-beta 1) in Human Platelets by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of LAP (TGF-beta 1) in Human Platelets by Flow Cytometry. Human platelets were stained with Mouse Anti-Human LAP (TGF-beta 1) Alexa Fluor® 488‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB2463G, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002G, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

Immunocytochemistry LAP  (TGF-beta 1) in Human PBMCs. View Larger

LAP (TGF-beta 1) in Human PBMCs. LAP (TGF-beta 1) was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with CD3/CD28/TGF-beta/IL-2 using Mouse Anti-Human LAP (TGF-beta 1) Alexa Fluor® 488‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (green; Catalog # FAB2463G) at 5 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: LAP (TGF-beta 1)

TGF-beta 1 is one member of a six gene family that has been described in mammals, birds, fish and frog. The name TGF-beta is applied to a 24-28 kDa disulfide-linked dimer that is generated through the proteolytic processing of a larger precursor molecule. For TGF-beta 1, a 50-55 kDa, 391 amino acid (aa) proprecursor is first, covalently linked to a second proprecursor (creating a disulfide-linked homodimer), and second, internally cleaved to generate two covalently-linked homodimers that remain non-covalently associated. The smallest homodimer representing aa 279-390 of the proform is TGF-beta 1; the largest homodimer representing aa 30-278 of the proform is termed LAP (Latency-associated Peptide). The LAP homodimer wraps itself around the smaller TGF-beta 1 homodimer, thus blocking an interaction of mature TGF-beta with its receptors. Almost all cells secrete the inactive TGF-beta :LAP complex, and most do so with LAP covalently bound to a very large 120-160 kDa LTBP (Latent TGF-beta Binding Protein), platelets being a notable exception. LTBP associates with multiple matrix components and this serves to store TGF-beta extracellularly in a non-active form. When TGF-beta signaling is needed, the LTBP:matrix association is disrupted, and the TGF-beta :LAP complex is exposed to multiple LAP binding partners such as TSP-1 and various Integrins. Interactions with these factors cause LAP to unwrap and dissociate from TGF-beta, resulting in TGF-beta "activation" and receptor binding. Ther are three human TGF-beta 1 LAPs and TGF-beta 1 LAP shares 36% and 33% aa sequence indentity with TGF-beta 2 LAP and TGF-beta 3 LAP, respectively. Human to mouse, TGF-beta 1 LAP shares 86% aa sequence identity. 

Long Name
Latency-associated Peptide
Entrez Gene IDs
7040 (Human)
Alternate Names
CED; DPD1; LAP (TGFbeta 1); LAP (TGF-beta 1); LAP; TGFB; TGFB1; TGFbeta; transforming growth factor beta 1

Product Datasheets

Citation for Human LAP (TGF-beta 1) Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Antimony resistant Leishmania donovani but not sensitive ones drives greater frequency of potent T-regulatory cells upon interaction with human PBMCs: role of IL-10 and TGF-beta in early immune response.
    Authors: Guha R, Das S, Ghosh J, Sundar S, Dujardin J, Roy S
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2014;8(7):e2995.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow

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