Human Lymphotoxin-alpha /TNF-beta Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TNF-alpha is observed. Neutralizes the biological activity of recombinant human TNF-beta. Will not neutralize the biological activity of recombinant human TNF-alpha or recombinant mouse TNF-alpha.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 5802
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from ascites
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta
    Leu35-Leu205
    Accession # P01374
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunocytochemistry
    8-25 µg/mL
    See below
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta -induced cytotoxicity in the L‑929 mouse fibroblast cell line. Matthews, N. and M. L. Neale (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, A Practical Approach. Clemens, M. J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 221. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.1-0.2 µg/mL in the presence of 0.25 ng/mL Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta and 1 µg/mL actinomycin D.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Cytotoxicity Induced by Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta  and Neutral­ization by Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta Antibody.

Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta (Catalog # 211‑TB) induces cytotoxicity in the the L‑929 mouse fibroblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by crystal violet staining. Cytotoxicity elicited by Recombinant Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta (0.25 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB211). The ND50 is typically 0.1‑0.2 µg/mL in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D (1 µg/mL).

Immunocytochemistry
Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta  in Human PBMCs.

Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with LPS and monensin using Mouse Anti-Human Lymphotoxin‑ alpha /TNF‑ beta Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB211) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counter­stained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.

Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Lymphotoxin-alpha/TNF-beta

Tumor necrosis factor beta (TNF-beta ), also known as lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-alpha ), and TNF-alpha, are two structurally and functionally related proteins that bind to the same cell surface receptors (TNF RI and TNF RII) and produce a vast range of similar, but not identical, effects. Among these effects is the ability to kill certain tumor cells directly, from which the names tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin both derive. Mature TNF-beta /LT-alpha and TNF-alpha share approximately 35% protein sequence homology and the biologically active secreted forms of both proteins are homotrimers. Whereas TNF-alpha can exist as a type II membrane protein, TNF-beta /LT-alpha possesses a typical signal peptide sequence and is a secreted protein. It has been shown that TNF-beta /LT-alpha is also present on the cell surface of activated T, B and LAK cells as a heteromeric complex with LT-beta, a type II membrane protein that is another member of the TNF ligand family. The genes for TNF-alpha, TNF-beta /LT-alpha, and LT-beta are closely linked within the major histocompatibility complex.

TNF-beta /LT-alpha is expressed in activated T- and B-lymphocytes. In addition to its cytotoxic action on tumor cells, TNF-beta /LT-alpha has been shown to be a mediator of inflammation and immune function. Evidence is also accumulating that TNF-beta /LT-alpha and TNF-alpha are mediators in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases. TNF-beta /LT-alpha has also been shown to have a role in lymphoid organ development. Human and mouse TNF-beta /LT-alpha share approximately 74% homology in their amino acid sequence and exhibit cross-species activity.

  • Long Name:
    Tumor Necrosis Factor beta
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    4049 (Human); 16992 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    LT; LTA; LT-alpha; lymphotoxin alpha (TNF superfamily, member 1); Lymphotoxin alpha; Lymphotoxinalpha; Lymphotoxin-alpha; tnfb; TNF-beta; TNFBlymphotoxin-alpha; TNFSF1; TNFSF1B; TNFSF1TNF-beta; tumor necrosis factor beta; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. True infliximab resistance in rheumatoid arthritis: a role for lymphotoxin alpha?
    Authors: Buch MH, Conaghan PG, Quinn MA, Bingham SJ, Veale D, Emery P
    Ann. Rheum. Dis., 2004;63(10):1344-6.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Frozen
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS002 14
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

Ctrl MAB002 138  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

Ctrl MAB002R 1
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Mouse IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF007 26  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0102B 10  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugate Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL007 9
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF018 1
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF018 9  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0101B 2  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL008 8
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL009 5
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse IgG Antibody

WB AF007 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat Anti-Mouse IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF007 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0103B 5  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse/Rabbit IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC002  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC001  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat Anti-Mouse IgG Fc Affinity Purified Polyclonal Ab

G-202-C 2
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0114  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Have you used Human Lymphotoxin-alpha /TNF-beta Antibody?

Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.

Order Details

Contact Information

Calculators

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷
R&D Systems Guarantee

Monoclonal
Antibody
Panels For
Screening

Learn More
Monoclonal Antibodies

Feedback

Customer Information