Human NKG2C/CD159c Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB1381N-100UG
Detection of NKG2C/CD159c in Human Blood Lymphocytes by Flow Cytometry.
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Human NKG2C/CD159c Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human NKG2C/CD159c. Detects human NKG2C/CD159c as part of the NKG2C/CD94 heterodimer in flow cytometry. No
cross-reactivity with the human NKG2A/CD94 heterodimer or with the human CD94 homodimer is detected.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 134522
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
BaF3 mouse pro-B cell line transfected with human NKG2C/CD159c and CD94
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 700 (Excitation= 675-700 nm, Emission= 723 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of NKG2C/CD159c antibody in Human Blood Lymphocytes antibody by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of NKG2C/CD159c in Human Blood Lymphocytes by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood lymphocytes were stained with Mouse Anti-Human NCAM-1/CD56 PE-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB2408P) and either (A) Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Mouse Anti-Human NKG2C/CD159c Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB1381N) or (B) Mouse IgG2B Flow Cytometry Isotype Control (Catalog # IC0041N). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitution default not known
Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: NKG2C/CD159c

Human NKG2C (NK cell Group 2 isoform C; Killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 2) is a member of the C-type lectin-like superfamily of proteins. Natural killer (NK) receptors are expressed in both NK cells and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and have both activating and inhibitory members (1-3). Regulation of the balance between the activating and inhibitory receptors is important and lack of such regulation has been implicated in autoimmunity (4). The NKG2 family includes seven receptors: NKG2A, -B, -C, -D, -E, -F, and -H, which is the longer isoform of NKG2E. Except for NKG2D and NKG2F, the NKG2 family members form heterodimers with CD94 (5, 6). NKG2C interacts with the adapter molecule DAP12 and acts as activating receptor when heterodimerized with CD94 (7). Human NKG2C is synthesized as a 231 amino acid (aa) protein that includes a 70 aa cytoplasmic domain, a 23 aa transmembrane segment, and a 138 aa extracellular domain (ECD). Within the ECD, human NKG2C shares 40% sequence identity with mouse NKG2C. NKG2C-CD94 heterodimers bind to the widely expressed nonclassical MHC-I molecule, HLA-E (Qa-1b in mouse), which presents a peptide derived from the signal peptide of classical MHC-I molecules (8, 9). Triggering the NKG2C-CD94 complex may activate the cytolytic activity and cytokine production of NK and CD8+ T cells (8, 10). Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection promotes the differentiation and expansion of NKG2C+ NK cell subsets, possibly involving a cognate interaction of CD94/NKG2C with ligand(s) displayed by HCMV‑infected cells (11, 12). MAB1381 (clone 134522) displays potent agonistic activity and also blocks the binding of the NKG2C/CD94 heterodimer to HLA-E tetramers (13-15).

References
  1. Orbelyan, G.A. et al. (2014) J. Immunol. 193:610.
  2. Tassi I. et al. (2006) Immnunol Rev. 214:92.
  3. Lanier, L.L. (2008) Nat. Immunol. 9:495.
  4. Schleinitz, N. et al. (2010) Immunology. 174:2878.
  5. Lopez-Botet, M. et al. (2000) Hum. Immunol. 61:7.
  6. Braud, V.M. et al. (1998) Nature. 391:795.
  7. Lanier, L.L. (1998) Immunity 8:693.
  8. Vance, R.E. et al. (1999) J Exp Med 190:1801.
  9. Kaiser B.K. et al. (2005) J Immunol 174:2878.
  10. Bellón T. et al. (1999) J Immunol 162:3996.
  11. Pupuleku A. et al. (2017) Front Immunol. 8:1317.
  12. Hammer Q. et al. (2018) Nat Immunol. 19:453.
  13. Alici, E. et al. (2008) Blood 111:3155.
  14. Coupel, S. et al. (2007) Blood 109:2806.
  15. Fausther-Bovendo, H. et al. (2008) AIDS 22:217.
Long Name
Natural Killer G2C
Entrez Gene IDs
3822 (Human); 16642 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
CD159 antigen-like family member C; CD159c antigen; CD159c; killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily C, member 2; KLRC2; MGC138244; NK cell receptor C; NKG2-C type II integral membrane protein; NKG2C; NKG2-C; NKG2CNKG2-C-activating NK receptor

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