Designed to visualize the expression of P4HB by fluorescence microscopy for staining cells and tissues. Conjugated P4HB antibodies are ideal for immunocytochemistry colocalization studies in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. The unconjugated antibody detects human Protein Disulfide Isomerase/P4HB in direct ELISAs.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant human Protein Disulfide Isomerase/P4HB Asp18-Lys505 Accession # P07237
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Protein Disulfide Isomerase/P4HB in HeLa Human Cell Line. Protein Disulfide Isomerase/P4HB was detected in immersion fixed HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line using Goat Anti-Human Protein Disulfide Isomerase/P4HB Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF4236) at 1.7 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Streptavidin (red; Catalog # NL999) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Protein Disulfide Isomerase/P4HB
P4HB (Prolyl 4-hydroxylase beta chain; also PDI) is a 60 kDa member of the protein disulfide isomerase family. As an intracellular homodimer, it forms a tetrameric complex with P4H alpha chains to form an active prolyl 4 hydroxylase. This catalyses the hydroxylation of proline in collagen. On the cell surface, it reduces disulfide bonds in HIV that allow the virus to fuse with CXCR4 and enter susceptible cells. Mature human P4HB is 491 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains two TRX domains (aa 25 134 and 368 475) plus an ER retention sequence (aa 505 508). There is one potential isoform that shows an 11 aa substitution for the first 162 amino acids. Over aa 18 505, human P4HB shares 94% aa identity with mouse P4HB.
Proline 4-Hydroxylase, Beta Polypeptide
Entrez Gene IDs:
5034 (Human); 18453 (Mouse); 25506 (Rat)
Cellular thyroid hormone-binding protein; collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylase beta; DSI; ERBA2L; GIT; glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase; P4HB; P4Hbeta; p55; PDI; PDIA1; PDIA1procollagen-proline, 2-oxoglutarate 4-dioxygenase (proline 4-hydroxylase), betapolypeptide (protein disulfide isomerase-associated 1); PDIEC 188.8.131.52; PHDB; PO4DB; PO4HB; procollagen-proline, 2-oxoglutarate 4-dioxygenase (proline 4-hydroxylase), betapolypeptide; PROHB; PROHBprocollagen-proline, 2-oxoglutarate 4-dioxygenase (proline 4-hydroxylase), betapolypeptide (protein disulfide isomerase; thyroid hormone binding protein p55); Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit beta; prolyl 4-hydroxylase, beta polypeptide; protein disulfide isomerase family A, member 1; protein disulfide isomerase/oxidoreductase; protein disulfide isomerase-associated 1; protein disulfide-isomerase; protocollagen hydroxylase; Thbp; thyroid hormone-binding protein p55
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