Human t-Plasminogen Activator/tPA Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human t-Plasminogen Activator/tPA in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant human t-Plasminogen Activator/tPA
    Ser36-Pro562
    Accession # P00750
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    2 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human t‑Plasminogen Activator/tPA by Western Blot.

Western blot shows lysates of HEK001 human epidermal keratinocyte cell line and NTera‑2 human testicular embryonic carcinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Human t‑Plasminogen Activator/
tPA Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF7449) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). A specific band was detected for t‑Plasminogen Activator/tPA at approximately 70 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.

Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: t-Plasminogen Activator/tPA

PLAT (Plasminogen activator; also tPA/Tissue Plasminogen Activator) is a 64-69 kDa extracellular glycoprotein that belongs to the peptidase S1 family of enzymes. It is secreted by diverse cell types such as fibroblasts, endothelial cells and astrocytes. Unlike many other serine proteases, PLAT/tPA circulates as an active proenzyme. Following clot formation, both tPA and its substrate, plasminogen, bind to clot fibrin. Here, tPA converts plasminogen to plasmin, an enzyme that subsequently degrades the fibrin matrix of the clot. Plasmin also cleaves local tPA, generating a disulfide-linked, two-chain tPA isoform whose activity is potentiated 5- to10-fold relative to the uncleaved form. tPa also cleaves PDGF-CC and activates MMP-9, suggesting an expanded role in vascular remodeling. Human PLAT/tPA is secreted as a 530 amino acid (aa) single chain polypeptide (aa 33-562). Depending upon its source, aa 33-35 or 33-38 may be removed in the circulation. PLAT contains one N-terminal fibronectin type I region (aa 39-81), an EGD-like domain (aa 82-120), a two kringle structures (127-208; 215-296) and a peptidase S1 domain (311-561). Plasmin cleaves PLAT/tPA between Arg310-Ile311, generating an active disulfide-linked heterodimeric molecule that contains chains of 35 kDa and 33 kDa, respectively. There are multiple isoform variants. One contains a three aa substitution for aa 1-40 coupled to a deletion of aa 79-208, a second shows a Gly substitution for aa 39-85, and a third possesses a 23 aa substitution for aa 269-562. Two additional isoforms shows a His substitution for aa 54-134, and a 25 aa substitution for aa 269-562, respectively. Over aa 36-562, human PLAT shares 81% aa sequence identity with mouse PLAT.

  • Long Name:
    Tissue Plasminogen Activator
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    5327 (Human); 18791 (Mouse); 25692 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    Alteplase; DKFZp686I03148; EC 3.4.21; EC 3.4.21.68; plasminogen activator, tissue type; plasminogen activator, tissue; PLAT; Reteplase; tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA); tissue-type plasminogen activator; TPA; T-PA; tPlasminogen Activator; t-Plasminogen Activator
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Sheep IgG Control

Ctrl 5-001-A 9
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Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Sheep IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF016 14  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL010 3
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL011 5
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL012 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0126  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF016 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0127  
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Sheep IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC006  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0125 1
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0128
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