Human TIM-3 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

Clone 344823 was used by HLDA to establish CD designation
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB2365N
Human TIM-3 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody in Data
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Citations (2)
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Human TIM-3 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human TIM‑3 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. Does not cross-react with recombinant human (rh) TIM‑1, rhTIM‑4, recombinant mouse (rm) TIM‑1, rmTIM‑2, rmTIM‑3, rmTIM‑5, or rmTIM‑6.
Source
Monoclonal Rat IgG2A Clone # 344823
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TIM‑3
Ser22-Arg200
Accession # Q8TDQ0.2
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 700 (Excitation= 675-700 nm, Emission= 723 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
5 µL/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of TIM‑3 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of TIM‑3 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood mono-nuclear cells (PBMCs) were stained with Rat Anti-Human TIM-3 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Mono-clonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB2365N) and Mouse Anti-Human CD14 PE-conjugated Mono-clonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3832P). Quadrant markers were set based on control antibody staining (Catalog # IC006N). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: TIM-3

TIM-3 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3) is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating molecules. TIMs are type I transmembrane glycoproteins with one Ig-like V-type domain and a Ser/Thr-rich mucin stalk (1-3). There are three TIM genes in human and eight in mouse. Mature human TIM-3 consists of a 181 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 78 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). An alternately spliced isoform is truncated following a short substitution after the Ig-like domain. Within the ECD, human TIM-3 shares 58% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat TIM-3. TIM-3 is expressed on the surface of effector T cells (CD4+ Th1 and CD8+ Tc1) but not on helper T cells (CD4+ Th2 and CD8+ Tc2) (4, 5). In chronic inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and some cancers, TIM-3 is upregulated on several other hematopoietic cell types. It also occurs on hippocampal neurons (7-10). The Ig domain of TIM-3 interacts with a ligand on resting but not activated Th1 and Th2 cells (5, 11). The glycosylated Ig domain of TIM-3 binds cell-associated galectin-9. This induces TIM-3 Tyr phosphorylation and proapoptotic signaling (8, 12). TIM-3 functions as a negative regulator of Th1 cell activity. Its blockade results in increased IFN-gamma production, Th1 cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (5, 10, 11, 13), regulatory T cell development (5), and increases in macrophage and neutrophil infiltration into sites of inflammation (14). Soluble mouse TIM-3 constructs which lack the cytoplasmic domain have been shown to inhibit anti-tumor effector T cell responses and to enhance autoimmune reactions (5, 15).

References
  1. Anderson, A.C. and D.E. Anderson (2006) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 18:665.
  2. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681.
  3. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362.
  4. Monney, L. et al. (2002) Nature 415:536.
  5. Sanchez-Fueyo, A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1093.
  6. Khademi, M. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 172:7169.
  7. Wiener, Z. et al. (2007) J. Invest. Dermatol. 127:906.
  8. van de Weyer, P.S. et al. (2006) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 351:571.
  9. Gielen, A.W. et al. (2005) J. Neuroimmunol. 164:93.
  10. Oikawa, T. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 177:4281.
  11. Sabatos, C.A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1102.
  12. Zhu, C. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:1245.
  13. Koguchi, K. et al. (2006) J. Exp. Med. 203:1413.
  14. Frisancho-Kiss, S. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 176:6411.
  15. Geng, H. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 176:1411.
Long Name
T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-3
Entrez Gene IDs
84868 (Human); 171285 (Mouse); 363578 (Rat); 102141722 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD366; FLJ14428; HAVCR2; HAVcr-2; hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2; kidney injury molecule-3; KIM-3; SPTCL; T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3; TIM 3; TIM3 T-cell membrane protein 3; TIM3; TIM-3; TIMD3; TIMD-3; TIMD3KIM-3

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human TIM-3 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. Effect of IL-7 Therapy on Phospho-Ribosomal Protein S6 and TRAF1 Expression in HIV-Specific CD8 T Cells in Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy
    Authors: C Wang, MI Edilova, LE Wagar, S Mujib, M Singer, NF Bernard, T Croughs, MM Lederman, I Sereti, MA Fischl, E Kremmer, M Ostrowski, JP Routy, TH Watts
    J. Immunol., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry
  2. Increased frequency of Tim-3 expressing T cells is associated with symptomatic West Nile virus infection.
    Authors: Lanteri M, Diamond M, Law J, Chew G, Wu S, Inglis H, Wong D, Busch M, Norris P, Ndhlovu L
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(3):e92134.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry

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