Human TIM-3 Antibody

Clone 344823 was used by HLDA to establish CD designation.
(6 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human TIM‑3 in direct ELISAs. Does not cross-react with recombinant human (rh) TIM‑1, rhTIM‑4, recombinant mouse (rm) TIM‑1, rmTIM‑2, rmTIM‑3, rmTIM‑5, or rmTIM‑6.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Rat IgG2A Clone # 344823
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TIM‑3
    Ser22-Arg200
    Accession # Q8TDQ0.2
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    See below
  • CyTOF-reported
    Amir, el-A.D. et al. (2013) Nature Biotechnol. 31: 545. Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of TIM‑3 in Human Monocytes by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood monocytes were stained with Rat Anti-Human TIM‑3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2365, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB006, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0105B).
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: TIM-3

TIM-3 (T cell Immunoglobulin and Mucin domain-3) is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating molecules. TIMs are type I transmembrane glycoproteins with one Ig-like V-type domain and a Ser/Thr-rich mucin stalk (1-3). Mature human TIM-3 consists of a 181 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 78 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). An alternately spliced isoform is truncated following a short substitution after the Ig-like domain. Within the ECD, human TIM-3 shares 58% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat TIM-3. TIM-3 is expressed on the surface of effector T cells (CD4+ Th1 and CD8+ Tc1) but not on helper T cells (CD4+ Th2 and CD8+ Tc2) (4, 5). In chronic inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and some cancers, TIM-3 is upregulated on several other hematopoietic cell types. The Ig domain of TIM-3 interacts with a ligand on resting but not activated Th1 and Th2 cells (5, 6). The glycosylated Ig domain of TIM-3 binds cell-associated galectin-9. This induces TIM-3 Tyr phosphorylation and proapoptotic signaling (7). TIM-3 functions as a negative regulator of Th1 cell activity. Its blockade results in increased IFN-gamma production, Th1 cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (5, 6, 8), regulatory T cell development (5), and increases in macrophage and neutrophil infiltration into sites of inflammation (9).

  • References:
    1. Anderson, A.C. and D.E. Anderson (2006) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 18:665.
    2. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681.
    3. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362.
    4. Monney, L. et al. (2002) Nature 415:536.
    5. Sanchez-Fueyo, A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1093.
    6. Sabatos, C.A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1102.
    7. Zhu, C. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:1245.
    8. Koguchi, K. et al. (2006) J. Exp. Med. 203:1413.
    9. Frisancho-Kiss, S. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 176:6411.
  • Long Name:
    T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-3
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    84868 (Human); 171285 (Mouse); 102141722 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
  • Alternate Names:
    CD366; FLJ14428; HAVCR2; HAVcr-2; hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2; kidney injury molecule-3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3; TIM 3; TIM3 T-cell membrane protein 3; TIM3; TIM-3; TIMD-3; TIMD3KIM-3
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

6 Citations: Showing 1 - 6
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Tim-3 is a Marker of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Dysfunction during HIV Infection and Is Associated with the Recruitment of IRF7 and p85 into Lysosomes and with the Submembrane Displacement of TLR9
    Authors: JA Schwartz, KL Clayton, S Mujib, H Zhang, AK Rahman, J Liu, FY Yue, E Benko, C Kovacs, MA Ostrowski
    J. Immunol, 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  2. PD-1/PD-L1 blockade enhances T cell activity and antitumor efficacy of imatinib in gastrointestinal stromal tumors
    Clin Cancer Res, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  3. Soluble T cell immunoglobulin mucin domain 3 is shed from CD8+ T cells by the sheddase ADAM10, is increased in plasma during untreated HIV infection, and correlates with HIV disease progression.
    Authors: Clayton K, Douglas-Vail M, Nur-ur Rahman A, Medcalf K, Xie I, Chew G, Tandon R, Lanteri M, Norris P, Deeks S, Ndhlovu L, Ostrowski M
    J Virol, 2015;89(7):3723-36.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
  4. Molecular profiling of cytomegalovirus-induced human CD8+ T cell differentiation.
    Authors: Hertoghs KM, Moerland PD, van Stijn A, Remmerswaal EB, Yong SL, van de Berg PJ, van Ham SM, Baas F, ten Berge IJ, van Lier RA
    J. Clin. Invest., 2010;120(11):4077-90.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  5. HCV-specific T cells in HCV/HIV co-infection show elevated frequencies of dual Tim-3/PD-1 expression that correlate with liver disease progression.
    Authors: Vali B, Jones RB, Sakhdari A
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2010;40(9):2493-505.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  6. Structural features of galectin-9 and galectin-1 that determine distinct T cell death pathways.
    Authors: Bi S, Earl LA, Jacobs L, Baum LG
    J. Biol. Chem., 2008;283(18):12248-58.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
Isotype Controls
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Rat IgG2A Isotype Control

Ctrl MAB006 90  
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Normal Rat IgG Control

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Normal Rat IgG Control (Azide Free)

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Rat IgG2A Isotype Control

Ctrl MAB006R  
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Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Rat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF005 7  
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Goat Anti-Rat F(ab)2 IgG (H+L)
APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0113 2  
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Goat Anti-Rat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL013 2
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Rat F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0105B 2  
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Goat Anti-Rat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL015 1
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Goat Anti-Rat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF005 2
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Goat Anti-Rat IgG Antibody

WB AF005 1
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Rat F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0104B  
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Rat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC005  
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Goat Anti-Rat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL014
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Goat Anti-Rat F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0115 1
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