Human Twist-1 Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Twist-1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 2% cross-reactivity with recombinant Twist-2 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli‑derived recombinant human Twist-1
    Met1-His202
    Accession # Q15672
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    2 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human Twist‑1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and NCI‑N87 human gastric carcinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Human Twist‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF62301) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). A specific band was detected for Twist‑1 at approximately 24 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Twist-1

Twist-1 (Twist-related protein 1; also H-Twist and bHLHa38) is a 24‑27 kDa class B member of the bHLH transcription factor family of proteins. It is widely expressed in embryo, and select adult cells such as white adipocytes. In fat, Twist-1 induces fatty acid oxidation via PGC-1 alpha and CPT-1, and promotes MCP-1 and TNF-alpha secretion by adipocytes. In epithelium, Twist-1 dysregulation represses E-Cadherin and induces N-Cadherin expression, resulting in an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition that can lead to cancer. Human Twist-1 is 202 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a bHLH domain (aa 109-164) with an embedded DNA-binding motif. Twist-1 forms homodimers, and heterodimerizes with TCF3, HAND 1 and HAND 2. Two distinct mutations exist that may impact its dimerization pattern. There is one seven aa insertion after Ile135, and a second seven aa insertion after Pro139. A third unrelated variant shows a four Gly insert after Gly92. Full-length human Twist-1 shares 98% aa identity with mouse Twist-1.

  • Long Name:
    Twist Related Protein 1 [Drosophila]
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    7291 (Human); 22160 (Mouse); 85489 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    acrocephalosyndactyly 3; ACS3; B-HLH DNA binding protein; BHLHA38; bHLHa38BPES3; BPES3; Class A basic helix-loop-helix protein 38; CRS1; H-twist; H-twistblepharophimosis, epicanthus inversus and ptosis 3; SCSBPES2; twist homolog 1 (Drosophila); TWIST homolog of drosophila; TWIST; Twist1; Twist-1; twist-related protein 1
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
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Normal Sheep IgG Control

Ctrl 5-001-A 9
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Secondary Antibodies
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Sheep IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF016 14  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL010 3
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL011 5
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL012 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0126  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF016 2
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Sheep IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC006  
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Sheep IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0127  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0125 1
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0128
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