|Cathepsin B in Mouse Liver. Cathepsin B was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse liver using Goat Anti-Mouse Cathepsin B Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF965) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm in hepatocytes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.|
Cathepsin B is the first described member of the family of lysosomal cysteine proteases (1). Cathepsin B possesses both endopeptidase and exopeptidase activities, in the latter case acting as a peptidyl-dipeptidase. It is known to process a number of proteins, including pro and active caspases, prorenin and secretory leucoprotease inhibitor (SLPI) (2‑4). Therefore, Cathepsin B may play a role in activation and inactivation of caspases, activation of renin and inactivation of SLPI, the key steps in apoptosis, angiotensin production, and progression of emphysema, respectively. Because of its increased levels and redistribution in human and animal tumors, Cathepsin B may also have a role in invasion and metastasis (5). In addition to the lysosome, Cathepsin B can be secreted or associated with plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus. It is synthesized as a preproenzyme. Following removal of the signal peptide, the inactive proenzyme undergoes further modifications including removal of the pro region to result in the active enzyme (5).
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