|Detection of CD39/ENTPD1 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse CD39/ENTPD1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB4398, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB005, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG F(ab')2 Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113).|
Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase-1) is an integral membrane protein with an extracellular active site. NTPDase-1 was originally described as CD39, a B lymphocyte cell surface marker (1), but it is also present on the surface of natural killer cells, T cells, and some endothelial cells (2). NTPDase-1 hydrolyzes the beta - and gamma phosphate residues of nucleotides, preferring ATP as the substrate. Through its hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides, NTPDase-1 plays a role in the regulation of purinergic signaling (3). NTPDase-1 is involved in the processes of thromboregulation and vascular inflammation (4). The administration of soluble NTPDase-1 may have therapeutic applications for the treatment of some vascular and transplantation-associated diseases (5).
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