|Detection of Mouse Chitinase 3‑like 1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of mouse lung tissue and mouse liver tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Rat Anti-Mouse Chitinase 3‑like 1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2649) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF005). A specific band was detected for Chitinase 3‑like 1 at approximately 40 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.|
Chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1), also called breast regression protein 39 (BRP39) in mouse, or YKL-40 in humans, is a 39 kDa glycoprotein member of the glycosyl hydrolase 18 family (1-4). CHI3L1 was first identified as secreted from cultured articular chondrocytes, synovial cells, and activated monocyte-derived macrophages, but it is also secreted by neutrophils, endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and some cancer cells (1, 2, 5-7). The mouse CHI3L1 cDNA encodes 381 amino acids (aa), including a 21 aa signal sequence and a 360 aa mature region with two intermolecular disulfides (3). Mature mouse CHI3L1 shares 73%, 75%, 72%, 71%, 70% and 69% aa sequence identity with human, rat, equine, porcine, canine and bovine CHI3L1, respectively. CHI3L1 does not show chitotriosidase activity, but binds chitin and is thus termed a chi-lectin (1-4). CHI3L1 can bind heparins, probably as heparan sulfate (3, 7). It has been found to enhance cell adhesion and promote cell signaling, proliferation and tumor angiogenesis (4, 6-9). Human elevated serum CHI3L1 levels occur in some conditions characterized by inflammation and connective tissue remodeling, such as arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and liver cirrhosis (1, 9-12). Human single nucleotide polymorphisms that can increase serum CHI3L1 are associated with higher risk for asthma in childhood (13). CHI3L1 is frequently upregulated in glioblastoma, myxoid chondrosarcoma, melanoma and carcinomas of the breast, thyroid, colon, lung, kidney, and ovary (9). In asthma and cancer, serum CHI3L1 concentrations can correlate with prognosis (9, 14, 15). Mice lacking CHI3L1 have markedly diminished antigen-induced Th2 responses, which can be rescued by expression of human CHI3L1 (16).
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