Mouse Gas1 Biotinylated Antibody

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BAF2644
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Mouse Gas1 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse Gas1 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 0.1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Gas1 and recombinant mouse Gas6 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse Gas1
Leu39-Ser315
Accession # Q01721
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Mouse Gas1 (Catalog # 2644-GS)

Mouse Gas1 Sandwich Immunoassay

Recommended Concentration
Reagent
ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
0.1-0.4 µg/mL 

Use in combination with:

Capture Reagent: Mouse Gas1 Antibody (Catalog # AF2644)

Standard: Recombinant Mouse Gas1 Protein, CF (Catalog # 2644-GS)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Gas1

Gas1 (Growth Arrest Specific 1) is one of six structurally unrelated proteins that were identified by their increased expression in growth-arrested cells relative to actively proliferating cells (1, 2). Following mitogenic stimulation, Gas1 expression is transcriptionally suppressed by c-Myc as cells transit from G0 to G1 phases of the cell cycle (3, 4). Overexpression of Gas1 prevents S phase entry and DNA synthesis (5). Gas1-mediated blockade of the cell cycle is p53-dependent but does not require the transactivating domain of p53 (6). The mouse Gas1 cDNA encodes a 343 amino acid (aa) precursor that includes a 38 aa signal sequence, a 277 aa mature protein, and a 28 aa C-terminal propeptide. Gas1 contains Ala-rich and Asp-rich regions as well as an RGD sequence (5). Mature mouse and human Gas1 share 85% aa sequence identity. Mouse Gas1 is a 40 kDa GPI linked glycoprotein that is uniformly distributed on the cell surface (7). In contact inhibited vascular endothelial cells, Gas1 is induced by VE-Cadherin and VEGF expression and mediates the anti-apoptotic effect of VEGF (8). In contrast, Gas1 is induced in hippocampal neurons after NMDA exposure but functions as a pro-apoptotic effector of NMDA-mediated excitotoxicity (9). Gas1 exhibits a range of developmental effects including either promoting or inhibiting growth and differentiation of somite, limb, cerebellar, and eye tissues (10‑14). Gas1 mediates the antagonistic effect of Wnt proteins toward Shh function by binding the N-terminal region of Shh (11). The dependence of Gas1 functions on the cellular context has been addressed by suggesting that Gas1 could function as a co-receptor for GDNF family ligands (15). This speculation is supported by R&D Systems’ data that demonstrate direct binding of Gas1 to Artemin and Neurturin.

References
  1. Schneider, C. et al. (1988) Cell 54:787.
  2. Mullor, J.L. and A.R. Altaba (2002) BioEssays 24:22.
  3. Del Sal, G. et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:1848.
  4. Lee, T.C. et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:12886.
  5. Del Sal, G. et al. (1992) Cell 70:595.
  6. Del Sal, G. et al. (1995) Mol. Cell. Biol. 15:7152.
  7. Stebel, M. et al. (2000) FEBS Lett. 481:152.
  8. Spagnuolo, R. et al. (2004) Blood 103:3005.
  9. Mellstrom, B. et al. (2002) Mol. Cell Neurosci. 19:417.
  10. Lee, K.K.H. et al. (2001) Dev. Biol. 234:188.
  11. Lee, C.S. et al. (2001) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:11347.
  12. Liu, Y. et al. (2002) Development 129:5289.
  13. Liu, Y. et al. (2001) Dev. Biol. 236:30.
  14. Lee, C.S. et al. (2001) Dev. Biol. 236:17.
  15. Schueler-Furman, O. et al. (2006) Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 27:72.
Long Name
Growth-arrest-specific Protein 1
Entrez Gene IDs
2619 (Human); 14451 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
Gas1; GAS-1; growth arrest-specific 1; Growth arrest-specific gene-1; growth arrest-specific protein 1

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