Mouse Klotho beta Biotinylated Antibody
Mouse Klotho beta Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # NP_112457
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Klotho beta
Klotho beta, a divergent structural member of the glycosidase I superfamily, is expressed primarily in the liver and pancreas, with lower expression in adipose tissue (1). Like Klotho, Klotho beta facilitates binding between FGF19 subfamily members and their receptors via formation of a ternary complex (2). The Klotho beta mediated interaction of FGF15 (human FGF19) with FGF Receptor 4 in the liver negatively regulates bile acid synthesis by controlling the secretion of two key bile acid synthase genes, cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase (Cyp7a1) and sterol 12-alpha hydroxylase (Cyp8b1) (2‑4). Klotho beta is also a cofactor for the interaction of FGF21 with FGF Receptor 1c in adipocytes, which allows FGF21 to stimulate GLUT1 expression, upregulating adipocyte insulin-dependent glucose uptake (2, 3, 5). The 1043 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane protein is composed of a 51 aa signal sequence, a 943 aa extracellular domain (ECD) containing two glycosidase-like regions, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and 28 aa intracellular tail. Since Klotho-related proteins lack critical active site Glu residues present in beta -glycosidases, it was initially unclear whether they were functional enzymes (1, 6). However, glucuronidase activity has since been demonstrated for Klotho, indicating that physiologically relevant enzymatic activity for Klotho beta is also possible (7). The extracellular domain shares 79%, 79%, 80% and 67% identity with human, bovine, canine and rat Klotho beta, respectively. The low identity with rat reflects aa discordance within rodent ECD.
- Mian, I.S. (1998) Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 24:83.
- Ito, S. et al. (2005) J. Clin. Invest. 115:2202.
- Kurosu, H. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:26687.
- Lin, B. C. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:27277.
- Ogawa, Y. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA 104:7432.
- Chang, Q. et al. (2005) Science 310:490.
- Goetz, R. et al. (2007) Mol. Cell. Biol. 27:3417.
Citation for Mouse Klotho beta Biotinylated Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
TNF-alpha represses beta-Klotho expression and impairs FGF21 action in adipose cells: involvement of JNK1 in the FGF21 pathway.
Authors: Diaz-Delfin J, Hondares E, Iglesias R, Giralt M, Caelles C, Villarroya F
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Applications: Western Blot
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