Mouse LIX Antibody

(3 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects mouse LIX in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human GCP‑2, recombinant rat (rr) CINC‑2 alpha, rrCINC-2 beta, recombinant mouse (rm) KC, and rmMIP‑2 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant mouse LIX
    Val45-Ala118
    Accession # P50228
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Mouse LIX (Catalog # 433-MC)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize LIX-induced chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CXCR2. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 1-5 µg/mL in the presence of 0.2 µg/mL Recombinant Mouse LIX.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Chemotaxis Induced by LIX and Neutralization by Mouse LIX Antibody. Recombinant Mouse LIX (Catalog # 433-MC) chemo­attracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CXCR2 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Mouse LIX (0.2 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concen­trations of Goat Anti-Mouse LIX Antigen Affinity-purified Poly­clonal Antibody (Catalog # AF433). The ND50 is typically
1‑5 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: LIX
LIX ( Liposaccharide-Induced CXC chemokine; also GARG-8 and Cxcl5) is a secreted 8-9 kDa member of the Intercrine alpha (or CxC) family of chemokines. It is widely expressed, being produced by diverse cell types such as fibroblasts, thymic epithelium, platelets, vascular endothelium, hepatocytes, lung type II alveolar cells and ileal columnar epithelium. As a chemokine, LIX demonstrates chemokinetic properties. It induces the chemotaxis of neutrophils and endothelial cells, and also promotes TNF-alpha secretion from mast cells and macrophages. Notably, circulating LIX is not derived from fibroblasts, but platelets. This suggests that neutrophil homeostasis/chemotaxis is a function of local resident cell activation and LIX secretion, not generally circulating LIX. Mouse LIX is synthesized as a 132 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 40 aa signal sequence, a 78 aa mature region (aa 41-118), and a cleavable 14 aa C-terminus. The mature region possesses an ELR/GluLeuArg motif between aa 50-52, and an alpha -family characteristic CxC motif between aa 53-55. Although there are no known splice variants of mouse LIX, considerable proteolytic processing occurs at both the N- and C-termini over aa 41-132. This may reduce the MW in SDS-PAGE by as much as 3 kDa. The majority of LIX appears to start between aa 47-50, and this is positively correlated with bioactivity. Over aa 41-118, mouse LIX shares 73% aa sequence identity with rat LIX. Although not a strict ortholog, mouse LIX shares 63% aa sequence identity with human GCP-2.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    20311 (Mouse); 60665 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    LIX
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Cigarette smoke primes the pulmonary environment to IL-1alpha/CXCR-2-dependent nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae-exacerbated neutrophilia in mice.
    Authors: Nikota J, Shen P, Morissette M, Fernandes K, Roos A, Chu D, Barra N, Iwakura Y, Kolbeck R, Humbles A, Stampfli M
    J Immunol, 2014;193(6):3134-45.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Paraffin-embedded
  2. Comprehensive assessment of chemokine expression profiles by flow cytometry.
    Authors: Eberlein J, Nguyen TT, Victorino F, Golden-Mason L, Rosen HR, Homann D
    J. Clin. Invest., 2010;120(3):907-23.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  3. Prostaglandin mediates IL-23/IL-17-induced neutrophil migration in inflammation by inhibiting IL-12 and IFNgamma production.
    Authors: Lemos HP, Grespan R, Vieira SM, Cunha TM, Verri WA, Fernandes KS, Souto FO, McInnes IB, Ferreira SH, Liew FY, Cunha FQ
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2009;106(14):5954-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 8
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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