Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF2166
Product Details
Citations (1)
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Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 0.2% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Pentraxin 3, recombinant mouse (rm) TSG and rmCRP is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14
Glu18-Ser381
Accession # P48759
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 (Catalog # 2166-TS)

Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Sandwich Immunoassay

Recommended Concentration
Reagent
ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
0.1-0.4 µg/mL 

Use in combination with:

Capture Reagent: Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 Antibody (Catalog # MAB21661)

Standard: Recombinant Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Protein (Catalog # 2166-TS)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Pentraxin 3/TSG-14

Pentraxin 3, also known as TSG-14, was initially identified as a TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta inducible gene (1‑3). It belongs to the pentraxin family, which was named originally for the homo-pentameric structure formed by its members (4). The pentraxin family is divided into two subfamilies: the “short” and the “long” pentraxins with approximate molecular weights of 25 kDa and 50 kDa, respectively. TSG-14 is a member of the long pentraxin subfamily, which also includes the Xenopus laevis XL-PXN1, the guinea pig apexin/p50, the rat neuronal pentraxin I (NPI) and NPR, the human neuronal pentraxin II (NPTX2) and the human neuronal activity-related pentraxin (5).

Mature secreted PTX3 contains a pentaxin-like domain at its carboxy-terminus that shares 23 - 28% amino acid (aa) sequence similarity to C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP), which belong to the short pentraxin subfamily. However, the N-terminal sequence of TSG-14 does not share aa sequence homology with any of the “short” pentaxins (3). Unlike CRP and SAP, which forms pentamers only, TSG-14 forms both pentameric and higher ordered oligomers (5). Similar to CRP and SAP, TSG-14 binds to the complement cascade component C1q (6). However, TSG-14 does not bind to phosphoethanolamine, phosphocholine, or high pyruvate agarose, which are known ligands for CRP and SAP. While CRP and SAP are primarily produced in the liver, TSG-14 expression is strongly up‑regulated by TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and bacterial LPS in peripheral fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and macrophages (7). At the amino acid level, human and mouse TSG-14 share 88% aa sequence homology (8). TSG-14 concentration is elevated in the joint fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), indicating that TSG-14 may be a potential mediator of immune response (9). TSG-14 may also function in the regulation of the uptake and clearance of apoptotic cells by dendritic cells (10). An in vivo study showed that TSG-14 transgenic mice are more resistant to sepsis and endotoxemia compared to wild-type during inflammatory injury (11). Increased expression of TSG-14 may enhance the immune response to protect the host from infection.

References
  1. Lee, T.H. et al. (1990) Mol. Cell. Biol. 10:1982.
  2. Breviario, F. et al. (1992) JBC. 267:22190.
  3. Lee, G.W. et al. (1993) J. Immunol. 150:1804.
  4. Osmand, A.P. et al. (1977) PNAS, USA 74:739.
  5. Goodman A.R. et al. (1996) Cytokine & Growth Factor Rev. 7:191.
  6. Bottazzi, B. et al. (1997) JBC. 272:32817.
  7. Introna, M. et al. (1996) Blood, 87:1862.
  8. Altmeyer, A. et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270:25584.
  9. Luchetti, M.M. et al. (2000) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 119:196.
  10. Rovere, P. et al. (2000) Blood 96:4300.
  11. Dias, A.A.M. et al. (2001) J. Leukocyte Biol. 69:928.
Long Name
Tumor Necrosis Factor Stimulated Gene 14
Entrez Gene IDs
5806 (Human); 19288 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
alpha-induced protein 5; pentaxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor; Pentaxin-related protein PTX3; Pentraxin 3; pentraxin 3, long; pentraxin-3; pentraxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta; pentraxin-related protein PTX3; PTX3; TNF alpha-induced protein 5; TNFAIP5; TSG14; TSG-14; TSG-14pentaxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta; Tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 5; tumor necrosis factor, alpha-induced protein 5; Tumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 14 protein; tumor necrosis factor-inducible protein TSG-14

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Citation for Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Role of pentraxin 3 in shaping arthritogenic alphaviral disease: from enhanced viral replication to immunomodulation.
    Authors: Foo, Suan-Sin, Chen, Weiqiang, Taylor, Adam, Sheng, Kuo-Chin, Yu, Xing, Teng, Terk-Shi, Reading, Patrick, Blanchard, Helen, Garlanda, Cecilia, Mantovani, Alberto, Ng, Lisa F P, Herrero, Lara J, Mahalingam, Suresh
    PLoS Pathog, 2015-02-19;11(2):e1004649.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
    Applications: Binding Assay

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