Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF2166
AF2166-SP
Detection of Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 by Western Blot.
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Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG-14 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 15% cross‑reactivity with recombinant human Pentraxin 3 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14
Glu18-Ser381
Accession # P48759
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.25 µg/mL
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Western Blot Detection of Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 by Western Blot. View Larger

Detection of Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of mouse embryo tissue and NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.25 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2166) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for Pentraxin 3/TSG‑14 at approximately 42 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Pentraxin 3/TSG-14

Pentraxin 3, also known as TSG-14, was initially identified as a TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta inducible gene (1‑3). It belongs to the pentraxin family, which was named originally for the homo-pentameric structure formed by its members (4). The pentraxin family is divided into two subfamilies: the “short” and the “long” pentraxins with approximate molecular weights of 25 kDa and 50 kDa, respectively. TSG-14 is a member of the long pentraxin subfamily, which also includes the Xenopus laevis XL-PXN1, the guinea pig apexin/p50, the rat neuronal pentraxin I (NPI) and NPR, the human neuronal pentraxin II (NPTX2) and the human neuronal activity-related pentraxin (5).

Mature secreted PTX3 contains a pentaxin-like domain at its carboxy-terminus that shares 23‑28% amino acid (aa) sequence similarity to C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP), which belong to the short pentraxin subfamily. However, the N-terminal sequence of TSG-14 does not share aa sequence homology with any of the “short” pentaxins (3). Unlike CRP and SAP, which forms pentamers only, TSG-14 forms both pentameric and higher ordered oligomers (5). Similar to CRP and SAP, TSG-14 binds to the complement cascade component C1q (6). However, TSG-14 does not bind to phosphoethanolamine, phosphocholine, or high pyruvate agarose, which are known ligands for CRP and SAP. While CRP and SAP are primarily produced in the liver, TSG-14 expression is strongly up‑regulated by TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and bacterial LPS in peripheral fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and macrophages (7). At the amino acid level, human and mouse TSG-14 share 88% aa sequence homology (8). TSG-14 concentration is elevated in the joint fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), indicating that TSG-14 may be a potential mediator of immune response (9). TSG-14 may also function in the regulation of the uptake and clearance of apoptotic cells by dendritic cells (10). An in vivo study showed that TSG-14 transgenic mice are more resistant to sepsis and endotoxemia compared to wild-type during inflammatory injury (11). Increased expression of TSG-14 may enhance the immune response to protect the host from infection.

References
  1. Lee, T.H. et al. (1990) Mol. Cell. Biol. 10:1982.
  2. Breviario, F. et al. (1992) JBC. 267:22190.
  3. Lee, G.W. et al. (1993) J. Immunol. 150:1804.
  4. Osmand, A.P. et al. (1977) PNAS, USA 74:739.
  5. Goodman A.R. et al. (1996) Cytokine & Growth Factor Rev. 7:191.
  6. Bottazzi, B. et al. (1997) JBC. 272:32817.
  7. Introna, M. et al. (1996) Blood, 87:1862.
  8. Altmeyer, A. et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270:25584.
  9. Luchetti, M.M. et al. (2000) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 119:196.
  10. Rovere, P. et al. (2000) Blood 96:4300.
  11. Dias, A.A.M. et al. (2001) J. Leukocyte Biol. 69:928.
Long Name
Tumor Necrosis Factor Stimulated Gene 14
Entrez Gene IDs
5806 (Human); 19288 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
alpha-induced protein 5; pentaxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor; Pentaxin-related protein PTX3; Pentraxin 3; pentraxin 3, long; pentraxin-3; pentraxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta; pentraxin-related protein PTX3; PTX3; TNF alpha-induced protein 5; TNFAIP5; TSG14; TSG-14; TSG-14pentaxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta; Tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 5; tumor necrosis factor, alpha-induced protein 5; Tumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 14 protein; tumor necrosis factor-inducible protein TSG-14

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