Mouse RAGE Biotinylated Antibody
Mouse RAGE Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # O35444
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) are adducts formed by the non-enzymatic glycation or oxidation of macromolecules (1). AGE forms during aging and its formation is accelerated under pathophysiologic states such as diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, renal failure and immune/inflammatory disorders. Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endoproducts (RAGE), named for its ability to bind AGE, is a multiligand receptor belonging the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. Besides AGE, RAGE binds amyloid beta -peptide, S100/calgranulin family proteins, high mobility group B1 (HMGB1, also know as amphoterin) and leukocyte integrins (1, 2).
The mouse RAGE gene encodes a 403 amino acid (aa) residue type I transmembrane glycoprotein with a 22 aa signal peptide, a 319 aa extracellular domain containing a Ig-like V-type domain and two Ig-like Ce-type domains, a 21 aa transmembrane domain and a 41 aa cytoplasmic domain (3). The V-type domain and the cytoplasmic domain are important for ligand binding and for intracellular signaling, respectively. Two alternative splice variants, lacking the V-type domain or the cytoplasmic tail, are known (1, 4). RAGE is highly expressed in the embryonic central nervous system (5). In adult tissues, RAGE is expressed at low levels in multiple tissues including endothelial and smooth muscle cells, mononuclear phagocytes, pericytes, microglia, neurons, cardiac myocytes and hepatocytes (6). The expression of RAGE is upregulated upon ligand interaction. Depending on the cellular context and interacting ligand, RAGE activation can trigger differential signaling pathways that affect divergent pathways of gene expression (1, 7). RAGE activation modulates varied essential cellular responses (including inflammation, immunity, proliferation, cellular adhesion and migration) that contribute to cellular dysfunction associated with chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, amyloidoses and immune or inflammatory disorders (1).
- Schmidt, A. et al. (2001) J. Clin. Invest. 108:949.
- Chavakis, T. et al. (2003) J. Exp. Med. 198:507.
- Renard, C. et al. (1997) Mol. Pharmacol. 52:54.
- Yonekura, H. et al. (2003) Biochem. J. 370:1097.
- Hori, O. et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270:25752.
- Brett, J. et al. (1993) Am. J. Pathol. 143:1699.
- Valencia, J.V. et al. (2004) Diabetes 53:743.
Citations for Mouse RAGE Biotinylated Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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Oxidation by neutrophils-derived HOCl increases immunogenicity of proteins by converting them into ligands of several endocytic receptors involved in antigen uptake by dendritic cells and macrophages.
Authors: Biedron R, Konopinski M, Marcinkiewicz J, Jozefowski S
PLoS ONE, 2015;10(4):e0123293.
Proteolytic release of the receptor for advanced glycation end products from in vitro and in situ alveolar epithelial cells.
Authors: Yamakawa N, Uchida T, Matthay MA, Makita K
Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2011;300(4):L516-25.
Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
Applications: ELISA Development
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