ProDots Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 Protein

Supplied as ready-to-use 5 ug protein balls
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
PRD240-10
PRD240-50
PRD240-01
ProDots Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 Protein Bioactivity
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ProDots Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 Protein Summary

Pre-aliquoted, lyophilized protein dots for use in cell culture medium

Features and Benefits
  • Rolls out of bottle for easy cell culture medium preparation
  • Eliminates time spent aliquoting
  • One protein dot can be used to make 500 mL of 10 ng/mL cell culture medium

Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Level
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to inhibit the IL-4-dependent proliferation of HT‑2 mouse T cells. Tsang, M. et al. (1995) Cytokine 7:389. The ED50 for this effect is 0.04-0.2 ng/mL.
Source
Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived human TGF-beta 1 protein
Ala279 - Ser390
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Ala279
Structure / Form
Disulfide-linked homodimer
Predicted Molecular Mass
12.8 kDa (monomer)
SDS-PAGE
12 kDa, reducing conditions, 24 kDa, non-reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

PRD240

Reconstitution For a stock solution, reconstitute at 20 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl, or simply roll ProDot® directly into cell culture medium for immediate use.
Note: Purified recombinant human TGF-beta 1 is an extremely hydrophobic protein that adheres strongly to surfaces.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
• 6 months from date of receipt at room temperature as supplied.
• 12 months from date of receipt at 2-8 °C as supplied.
• 1 month at 2-8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
• 3 months at -20 to -80 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Data Images

Bioactivity View Larger

ProDots®Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 inhibits Recombinant Mouse IL-4 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 404-ML) induced proliferation in the HT-2 mouse T cell line. The ED50 is 0.04-0.2 ng/mL.

SDS-PAGE View Larger

1 μg/lane of ProDots®Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized with silver staining, showing single bands at 12 kDa and 24 kDa, respectively.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: TGF-beta 1

Transforming Growth Factor Beta 1, 2, and 3 (TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 2, and TGF-beta 3) are highly pleiotropic cytokines that virtually all cell types secrete. TGF-beta molecules are proposed to act as cellular switches that regulate processes such as immune function, proliferation, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Targeted deletions of these genes in mice show that each TGF-beta isoform has some non-redundant functions: TGF-beta 1 is involved in hematopoiesis and endothelial differentiation; TGF-beta 2 affects development of cardiac, lung, craniofacial, limb, eye, ear, and urogenital systems; and TGF-beta 3 influences palatogenesis and pulmonary development. The full range of in vitro biological activities of TGF-beta 5 has not yet been explored. However, TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 2, TGF-beta 3, and TGF-beta 5 have been found to be largely interchangeable in an inhibitory bioassay, and it is anticipated that TGF-beta 5 will show a spectrum of activities similar to the other TGF-beta family members. To date, the production of TGF-beta 5 has only been demonstrated in Xenopus.

TGF-beta ligands are initially synthesized as precursor proteins that undergo proteolytic cleavage. The mature segments form active ligand dimers via a disulfide-rich core consisting of the characteristic 'cysteine knot'. TGF-beta signaling begins with binding to a complex of the accessory receptor betaglycan (also known as TGF-beta RIII) and a type II serine/threonine kinase receptor termed TGF-beta RII. This receptor then phosphorylates and activates a type I serine/threonine kinase receptor, either ALK-1 or TGF-beta RI (also called ALK-5). The activated type I receptor phosphorylates and activates Smad proteins that regulate transcription. Use of other signaling pathways that are Smad-independent allows for distinct actions observed in response to TGF-beta in different contexts.

Long Name
Transforming Growth Factor beta 1
Entrez Gene IDs
7040 (Human); 21803 (Mouse); 59086 (Rat); 397078 (Porcine); 100033900 (Equine)
Alternate Names
CEDLAP; DPD1; latency-associated peptide; TGF beta1; TGFB; TGFB1; TGF-beta 1 protein; TGFbeta 1; TGF-beta 1; TGFbeta; TGF-beta-1; transforming growth factor beta-1; transforming growth factor, beta 1

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