Recombinant Human FCRN Protein, CF
Recombinant Human FCRN Protein, CF Summary
Why choose R&D Systems FCRN Protein?
- Guaranteed Bioactivity and High Purity: Bioactivity tested by functional ELISA and purity determined by SDS-PAGE to be greater than 95%.
- Lot-to-Lot Consistency: Stringent QC testing performed on each lot to ensure consistent activity and purity.
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- Most Respected, Most Cited Brand in Proteins: With over 35 years of providing the best recombinant proteins to the scientific community, R&D Systems continues to lead the industry in quality, activity, and purity.
Ala24-Ser297, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
The neonatal Fc receptor (FCRN) is an approximately 45 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein with structural homology to MHC class I proteins. It is widely expressed in endothelial and epithelial cells and plays an important role in IgG homeostasis and antigen presentation by dendritic cells (1, 2). Mature human FCRN consists of a 274 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two N-terminal alpha domains, one alpha 3/immunoglobulin-like domain, a 23 aa transmembrane segment, and a 44 aa cytoplasmic domain (3). Within the ECD, human FCRN shares 68% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat FCRN. Mouse FCRN binds with high affinity to IgG from mouse, human, rat, rabbit, guinea pig, bovine, and sheep, while human FCRN binds IgG with significantly lower affinity and is much more restricted in terms of species recognition (4). It does not bind the structurally related chicken IgY (5). FCRN additionally binds to albumin, and both it and IgG are bound at pH 5.0 but not at pH 8.0 (3, 6). FCRN associates noncovalently with beta 2-Microglobulin, and this interaction is important for the intracellular trafficking of FCRN (7-10). FCRN cycles between the plasma membrane and acidified intracellular compartments of endothelial cells and epithelial cells (5, 8). It binds endocytosed IgG and albumin in the low pH vesicles and transports them to the plasma membrane for extracellular release at higher pH. This protects IgG and albumin from lysosomal degradation and helps maintain the circulating levels of both proteins (5, 6). This mechanism is involved in the bidirectional transport of IgG across epithelial and endothelial barriers including neonatal IgG absorption in the intestine and fetal uptake of maternal antibodies through the placenta (5, 8, 11, 12). In the kidney, FCRN recycles albumin to the serum but removes IgG from the glomular basement membrane and promotes its excretion into the urine (13, 14). FCRN is also expressed in neutrophils and myeloid antigen presenting cells (7, 15, 16). It can enhance IgG-mediated phagocytosis and antigen presentation by these cells, but it promotes the degradation of opsonizing IgG rather than returning it to the circulation (15, 16).
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- Kobayashi, N. et al. (2002) Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 282:F358.
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- Zhu, X. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 166:3266.
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- Sarav, M. et al. (2009) J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 20:1941.
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- Qiao, S.-W. et al. (2008) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 105:9337.
Citations for Recombinant Human FCRN Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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An IgG-based bispecific antibody for improved dual targeting in PSMA-positive cancer
Authors: L Zekri, F Vogt, L Osburg, S Müller, J Kauer, T Manz, M Pflügler, A Maurer, JS Heitmann, I Hagelstein, M Märklin, S Hörner, T Todenhöfer, C Calaminus, A Stenzl, B Pichler, C la Fougère, MA Schneider, HG Rammensee, L Zender, B Sipos, HR Salih, G Jung
Embo Molecular Medicine, 2020;0(0):e11902.
Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
Applications: ELISA Capture
CA125 suppresses amatuximab immune-effector function and elevated serum levels are associated with reduced clinical response in first line mesothelioma patients
Authors: NC Nicolaides, C Schweizer, EB Somers, W Wang, S Fernando, EN Ross, L Grasso, R Hassan, JB Kline
Cancer Biol. Ther., 2018;0(0):1-22.
Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
Applications: ELISA Detection
Glycoengineering of pertuzumab and its impact on the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic properties
Authors: C Luo, S Chen, N Xu, C Wang, WB Sai, W Zhao, YC Li, XJ Hu, H Tian, XD Gao, WB Yao
Sci Rep, 2017;7(0):46347.
Sample Types: Pharmaceutical
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