Recombinant Human IL-4, Animal-Free Protein

Catalog #: AFL204 Datasheet / COA / SDS
Newer Version Available: BT-004-AFL
NEW

Discontinued Product

AFL204 has been discontinued and is replaced by BT-004-AFL.

Recombinant Human IL-4 Protein Bioactivity Comparison.
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Recombinant Human IL-4, Animal-Free Protein Summary

Learn more about Animal-Free Recombinant Proteins

Animal Free Proteins
Animal-free proteins are particularly important for researchers concerned with experimental variables caused by trace animal components or mammalian pathogens. Our products generated under animal-free conditions share the same biological activities as those produced using our standard laboratory techniques.

Product Specifications

Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Level
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. Kitamura, T. et al. (1989) J. Cell Physiol. 140:323. The ED50 for this effect is 0.0500-0.200 ng/mL.
The specific activity of Recombinant Human IL-4 is >1.00 x 107 IU/mg, which is calibrated against human IL-4 WHO International Standard (NIBSC code: 88/656).
Source
E. coli-derived human IL-4 protein
His25-Ser153, with an N-terminal Met
Produced using non-animal reagents in an animal-free laboratory.
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Met
Predicted Molecular Mass
15 kDa
SDS-PAGE
14 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

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AFL204

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

AFL204

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 12 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Animal Free Proteins
Animal-free proteins are particularly important for researchers concerned with experimental variables caused by trace animal components or mammalian pathogens. Our products generated under animal-free conditions share the same biological activities as those produced using our standard laboratory techniques.

Scientific Data

Bioactivity View Larger

As an alternative, please consider our next generation Recombinant Human IL-4 (BT-004-AFL). It has equivalent bioactivity to Recombinant Human IL-4 (Catalog # AFL204). It combines R&D Systems quality with scalability that allows for a solid supply chain. Both Recombinant Human IL-4 proteins are measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF-1 human erythroleukemic cell line.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: IL-4

Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13 kDa‑18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1‑3). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha -helix structure (4). Human IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 aa signal sequence. Alternate splicing generates an isoform with a 16 aa internal deletion. Mature human IL-4 shares 55%, 39% and 43% aa sequence identity with bovine, mouse, and rat IL-4, respectively. Human, mouse, and rat IL-4 are species-specific in their activities (5‑7). IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (8, 9). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma  chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and ‑21). The type II receptor on nonhematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL‑13 R alpha 1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2-biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgG4 and IgE in human B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (10‑13). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (12, 14).

References
  1. Benczik, M. and S.L. Gaffen (2004) Immunol. Invest. 33:109.
  2. Chomarat, P. and J. Banchereau (1998) Int. Rev. Immunol. 17:1.
  3. Yokota, T. et al. (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 83:5894.
  4. Redfield, C. et al. (1991) Biochemistry 30:11029.
  5. Ramirez, F. et al. (1988) J. Immunol. Meth. 221:141.
  6. Leitenberg, D. and T.L. Feldbush (1988) Cell. Immunol. 111:451.
  7. Mosman, T.R. et al. (1987) J. Immunol. 138:1813.
  8. Mueller, T.D. et al. (2002) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1592:237.
  9. Nelms, K. et al. (1999) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 17:701.
  10. Paludan, S.R. (1998) Scand. J. Immunol. 48:459.
  11. Corthay, A. (2006) Scand. J. Immunol. 64:93.
  12. Ryan, J.J. et al. (2007) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 27:15.
  13. Grone, A. (2002) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 88:1.
  14. Rosenberg, H.F. et al. (2007) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 119:1303.
Long Name
Interleukin 4
Entrez Gene IDs
3565 (Human); 16189 (Mouse); 287287 (Rat); 397225 (Porcine); 280824 (Bovine); 403785 (Canine); 574281 (Primate); 100302454 (Rabbit)
Alternate Names
B cell growth factor 1; BCDF; B-cell stimulatory factor 1; BCGF1; BCGF-1; binetrakin; BSF1; BSF-1; IL4; IL-4; IL-4B_cell stimulatory factor 1; IL4E12; interleukin 4; interleukin-4; Lymphocyte stimulatory factor 1; MGC79402; pitrakinra

Manufacturing Specifications

Animal-Free Manufacturing Conditions
Our dedicated controlled-access animal-free laboratories ensure that at no point in production are the products exposed to potential contamination by animal components or byproducts. Every stage of manufacturing is conducted in compliance with R&D Systems' stringent Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Production and purification procedures use equipment and media that are confirmed animal-free.  

 Production

  • All molecular biology procedures use animal-free media and dedicated labware.
  • Dedicated fermentors are utilized in committed animal-free areas.

Purification

  • Protein purification columns are animal-free.
  • Bulk proteins are filtered using animal-free filters.
  • Purified proteins are stored in animal-free containers in a dedicated cold storage room.

    Quality Assurance

    • Low Endotoxin Level.
    • No impairment of biological activity.
    • High quality product obtained under stringent conditions.
    • For ex vivo research or bioproduction, additional documentation can be provided.

    Please read our complete Animal-Free Statement

    FAQs

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