Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Biotinylated Protein, CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BT1086-050
Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Biotinylated Protein, CF Binding Activity
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Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Biotinylated Protein, CF Summary

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA. When Recombinant Human B7-H1/PD-L1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 156-B7) is immobilized at 0.5 µg/mL (100 µL/well), Biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # BT1086) binds with an ED50 of 8-48 ng/mL.
Source
Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human PD-1 protein
Human PD-1
(Leu25-Gln167)
Accession # Q15116
IEGRMD Human IgG1
(Pro100-Lys330)
N-terminusC-terminus
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Leu25
Structure / Form
Disulfide-linked homodimer, biotinylated proteins via amines.
Predicted Molecular Mass
43 kDa
SDS-PAGE
60-70 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

BT1086

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Data Images

Binding Activity Binding Activity View Larger

When Recombinant Human B7‑H1/PD‑L1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 156-B7) is coated at 0.5 μg/mL, 100 μL/well, Biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # BT1086) binds with an ED50 of 8-48 ng/mL.

SDS-PAGE SDS-PAGE View Larger

2 μg/lane of Recombinant Biotinylated Human PD‑1 Fc Chimera was resolved with SDS-PAGE underreducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Bluestaining, showing bands at 60-70 kDa and 120-140 kDa, respectively.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: PD-1

Programmed Death-1 receptor (PD-1), also known as CD279, is type I transmembrane protein belonging to the CD28 family of immune regulatory receptors (1). Other members of this family include CD28, CTLA-4, ICOS, and BTLA (2-5). Mature human PD-1 consists of a 150 amino acid (aa) extracellular region (ECD) with one immunoglobulin-like V-type domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 97 aa cytoplasmic region. The human PD-1 ECD shares 65% aa sequence identity with the mouse PD-1 ECD. The cytoplasmic tail contains two tyrosine residues that form the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motif (ITSM) that are important for mediating PD-1 signaling. PD-1 acts as a monomeric receptor and interacts in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio with its ligands PD-L1 (B7-H1) and PD-L2 (B7-DC) (6, 7). PD‑1 is expressed on activated T cells, B cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells while PD-L1 expression is constitutive on the same cells and also on nonhematopoietic cells such as lung endothelial cells and hepatocytes (8, 9). Ligation of PD-L1 with PD-1 induces co-inhibitory signals on T cells promoting their apoptosis, anergy, and functional exhaustion (10). Thus, the PD-1:PD-L1 interaction is a key regulator of the threshold of immune response and peripheral immune tolerance (11). Finally, blockade of the PD-1: PD-L1 interaction by either antibodies or genetic manipulation accelerates tumor eradication and shows potential for improving cancer immunotherapy (12, 13).

References
  1. Ishida, Y. et al. (1992) EMBO J. 11:3887.
  2. Sharpe, A.H. and G. J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
  3. Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
  4. Nishimura, H. and T. Honjo (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:265.
  5. Watanabe, N et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:670.
  6. Zhang, X. et al. (2004) Immunity 20:337.
  7. Lázár-Molnár, E. et al. (2008) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105:10483.
  8. Nishimura, H et al. (1996) Int. Immunol. 8:773.
  9. Keir, M.E. et al. (2008) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 26:677.
  10. Butte, M.J. et al. (2007) Immunity 27:111.
  11. Okazaki, T. et al. (2013) Nat. Immunol. 14:1212.
  12. Iwai, Y. et al. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 12293.
  13. Nogrady, B. (2014) Nature 513:S10.
Long Name
Programmed Death-1
Entrez Gene IDs
5133 (Human); 18566 (Mouse); 301626 (Rat); 486213 (Canine); 102123659 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD279 antigen; CD279; hPD-1; PD1; PD-1; PD1hPD-l; PDCD1; programmed cell death 1; programmed cell death protein 1; Protein PD-1; SLEB2

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