Recombinant Human Resistin Protein, CF
Recombinant Human Resistin Protein, CF Summary
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetic Acid.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 50 μg/mL in 2 mM acetic acid, pH 3.0.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Resistin (resistance-to-insulin), also known as adipocyte-specific secretory factor (ADSF) and found in inflammatory zone 3 (FIZZ3), is a 10 kDa member of a small family of secreted cysteine-rich peptide hormones. These molecules purportedly play some role in inflammation, glucose metabolism, and angiogenesis (1, 2, 3, 4). Human Resistin precursor is 108 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains an 18 aa signal sequence plus a 90 aa mature region. The mature region shows an N-terminal alpha -helical tail (aa 23 ‑ 44) and a C-terminal beta ‑sheet globular head (aa 47 ‑ 108) (5 ‑ 7). The Resistin molecule circulates as either a noncovalent trimer (minor form), or a disulfide-linked homohexamer (major form). Noncovalent trimers are generated when the alpha -helical segments self-associate to form a three-stranded coiled-coil structure. Covalent hexamers subsequently appear when the free Cys at position # 26 is engaged by adjacent trimers. It is hypothesized that the hexamer is the inactive form of the molecule, and bioactivity is achieved at the target site by disulfide bond reduction (5). Although Resistin family molecules can noncovalently interact to form heterotrimers in vitro, there is no evidence to suggest this occurs in vivo with Resistin (8, 9). Mature human Resistin shares 56% and 54% aa identity with mouse and rat Resistin, respectively. Rat Resistin possesses an alternate start site at Met48; this Met is not found in the mouse molecule, however (10). Rodent Resistin is expressed by white adipocytes, splenocytes, astrocytes, and anterior pituitary epithelium (6, 11, 12). Although the function of Resistin is unclear, it would seem to block insulin-stimulated uptake of glucose by adipocytes and promote glucose release by hepatocytes (6, 13, 14). As such, it has been proposed to participate in diet‑induced insulin-sensitivity. Diets high in fat promote an increase in overall adipocyte size. Hypertrophic adipocytes are known to secrete TNF-alpha which acts locally to block ACRP30 production. Since ACRP30 is an insulin-sensitizer, a drop in ACRP30 availability leads to insulin-insensitivity, which drives increased insulin production (a compensatory mechanism). High insulin induces Resistin secretion which now antagonizes insulin action, prompting more insulin production and more Resistin secretion (15).
- Kottke, M.D. et al. (2006) J. Cell Sci. 119:797.
- Garrod, D.R. et al. (2002) Mol. Membrane Biol. 19:81.
- Leckband, D. and A. Prakasam (2006) Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8:259.
- King, I.A. et al. (1993) Genomics 18:185.
- Theis, D.G. et al. (1993) Int. J. Dev. Biol. 37:101.
- King, I.A. et al. (1996) J. Invest. Dermatol. 107:531.
- Nuber, U.A. et al. (1996) Eur. J. Cell Biol. 71:1.
- Chidgey, M. et al. (2001) J. Cell Biol. 155:821.
- Khan, K. et al. (2006) Br. J. Cancer 95:1367.
- Hashimoto, T. et al. (1997) J. Invest. Dermatol. 109:127.
- Caubet, C. et al. (2004) J. Invest. Dermatol. 122:1235.
- Descargues, P. et al. (2006) J. Invest. Dermatol. 126:1622.
Citations for Recombinant Human Resistin Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 4
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Resistin facilitates VEGF-A-dependent angiogenesis by inhibiting miR-16-5p in human chondrosarcoma cells
Authors: SS Chen, CH Tang, MJ Chie, CH Tsai, YC Fong, YC Lu, WC Chen, CT Lai, CY Wei, HC Tai, WY Chou, SW Wang
Cell Death Dis, 2019;10(1):31.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Resistin reinforces interferon ?-3 to eliminate hepatitis C virus with fine-tuning from RETN single-nucleotide polymorphisms
Sci Rep, 2016;6(0):30799.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase attenuates hepatocellular carcinoma cell adhesion stimulated by adipokine resistin.
Authors: Yang C, Chang S, Chao J, Lai Y, Chang W, Hsu W, Kuo W
BMC Cancer, 2014;14(0):112.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
A novel ultra-sensitive enzyme immunoassay for soluble human insulin receptor ectodomain and its measurement in urine from healthy subjects and patients with diabetes mellitus.
Authors: Umehara A, Nishioka M, Obata T
Clin. Biochem., 2009;42(13):1468-75.
Sample Types: N/A
Applications: ELISA (Standard)
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MAB13591 was used as the capture antibody in a sandwich ELISA along with AF1359 as the detection. We also tested BAF1359 as the detection since in comes biotinylated. The standard for the ELISA was 1359-RN. The assay worked excellently! It was sensitive and specific and detected all human samples we tested at a 1:4 dilution.