F. Rinaldi, K. Flynn, D. Galitz, M. Anderson, S. Tousey, G. Herr, C. Anderson, X.J. Ma, C. Sagarsky, L. Wentz, S. Luhowskyj, and J. Aho
Advancements in 3-D in vitro models of the gastrointestinal system are leading to their adoption as reliable tools for toxicology, drug validation, and disease modeling. 3-D in vitro models, such as organoids and spheroids, provide a more accurate representation of the actual tissue microenvironment when compared to 2-D cell culture models. Some of the major issues encountered with current 3-D gastrointestinal models include variability, tissue viability, and experimental accessibility. To overcome these obstacles, we introduce MimEX™ GI, an innovative human “open book” gastrointestinal tissue model system. This system utilizes the unique characteristics of adult “ground-state” (GS) stem cells to generate 3-D gastrointestinal epithelial tissue on a 2-D surface. Using this technology, GS stem cells can be isolated from the epithelium of any region of the adult gastrointestinal tract and clonally expanded in 2-D culture. Subsequently, using MimEX GI Differentiation Media and Reagents, a high-density monolayer of region-specific gastrointestinal stem cells differentiate into a 3-D tissue mimicking their respective tissue of origin ex vivo. The differentiated tissue obtained is uniform and oriented such that the apical surface of the mucosa is accessible to experimental manipulation. Here we characterize GS stem cells and their differentiated derivatives using a variety of techniques including immunostaining, Simple Western™, Single-Cell Western blot (Milo™), and RNAscope® in situ hybridization to analyze the protein and RNA expression of the GS stem cells post-isolation and differentiation. Additionally, MimEX GI tissue is used in a high-throughput permeability assay. The results obtained demonstrate the barrier function ability of ex vivo-generated tissue and its response to different molecules, demonstrating the flexibility of this tissue in high-throughput drug validation.
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Portions of MimEX Tissue Model Systems are covered by a license to intellectual property owned by, or licensed to, Multiclonal Therapeutics, Inc. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable right under these intellectual property rights to use this product for research purposes only. The purchase of this product does not include any right to use this product or components of this product for resale, for drug discovery intended for commercial gain, for the generation of cells or tissues intended for transplantation in human patients, or for any other commercial purposes, including without limitation, provision of services to a third party, generation of commercial databases, or as a diagnostic or therapeutic. Multiclonal Therapeutics, Inc., reserves all other rights under these rights. For information on purchasing a license to the intellectual property for uses other than in conjunction with this product or to use this product for purposes other than research, please contact Multiclonal Therapeutics, Inc. at email@example.com.