Human IL-16 C-terminal Peptide Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF316
Product Details
Citations (4)
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Human IL-16 C-terminal Peptide Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL-16 in ELISAs and Western blots. In Western blots, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL‑16 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-16 isoform 1
Met1203-Ser1332
Accession # Q14005
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human IL‑16 (Catalog # 316-IL)
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
2.5 µg/106 cells
Daudi human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin

Human IL-16 Sandwich Immunoassay

Recommended Concentration
Reagent
ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
0.1-0.4 µg/mL 

Use in combination with:

Capture Reagent: Human IL‑16 Antibody (Catalog # MAB316)

Standard: Recombinant Human IL-16 Protein (Catalog # 316-IL)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-16

Interleukin 16, also named lymphocyte chemoattractant factor (LCF), was originally identified as a CD8+ T-cell-derived chemoattractant for CD4+ cells. The biologically active form of IL-16 was originally proposed to be a homotetramer of 14 kDa chains containing 130 amino acid residue subunits. The complete pro-IL-16 cDNA was subsequently cloned and shown to encode a 631 amino acid residue hydrophilic protein that lacked a signal peptide. The original 130 amino acid residue polypeptide is now believed to have been derived from the C terminus of the precursor. IL-16 precursor protein has been detected in the lysates of various cells including mitogen stimulated PBMCs. The biologically active and secreted natural IL-16 is assumed to be a proteolytic cleavage product of pro-IL-16 generated by proteases present in or on activated CD8+ cells. A likely cleavage site was proposed to be at aspartate residue 510. This would yield a 121 amino acid residue protein, smaller than the 130 aa residue protein first described. The expression of IL-16 precursor mRNA has been detected in various tissues including spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, peripheral leukocytes, bone marrow, and cerebellum. The gene for IL-16 precursor has been localized to chromosome 15. The biological activities ascribed to IL-16 are reported to be dependent on the cell surface expression of CD4, suggesting that IL-16 is a CD4 ligand. Besides its chemotactic properties, IL-16 has also been shown to suppress HIV-1 replication in vitro. Recombinant E. coli-derived IL-16 produced at R&D Systems is present mostly as a monomer, exhibits chemotactic activity for lymphocytes at high concentrations, lacks chemotactic activites for monocytes, and binds the extracellular domain of CD4 with low affinity.

References
  1. Cruikshank, W.W. et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:5109.
  2. Baier, M. et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:5273.
  3. Zhou, A. et al. (1997) Nature Medicine 3:659.
  4. Bazan, J.F. and T.J. Schall (1996) Nature 381:29.
Long Name
Interleukin 16
Entrez Gene IDs
3603 (Human); 16170 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
FLJ16806; FLJ42735; FLJ44234; HsT19289; IL16; IL-16; interleukin 16 (lymphocyte chemoattractant factor); LCF; LCFprIL-16; lymphocyte chemoattractant factor; neuronal interleukin 16; NIL16; PRIL16; prointerleukin 16; pro-interleukin-16

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human IL-16 C-terminal Peptide Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

4 Citations: Showing 1 - 4
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  1. Upregulation of human cytomegalovirus by HIV type 1 in human lymphoid tissue ex vivo.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Iglehart SJ, Lisco A, Vanpouille C, Grivel JC, Lurain NS, Reichelderfer PS, Margolis LB
    AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 2008;24(3):453-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: Luminex Development
  2. HIV-1 pathogenesis differs in rectosigmoid and tonsillar tissues infected ex vivo with CCR5- and CXCR4-tropic HIV-1.
    Authors: Grivel JC, Elliott J, Lisco A, Biancotto A, Condack C, Shattock RJ, McGowan I, Margolis L, Anton P
    AIDS, 2007;21(10):1263-72.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: Luminex Development
  3. Abnormal activation and cytokine spectra in lymph nodes of people chronically infected with HIV-1.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Grivel JC, Iglehart SJ, Vanpouille C, Lisco A, Sieg SF, Debernardo R, Garate K, Rodriguez B, Margolis LB, Lederman MM
    Blood, 2007;109(10):4272-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: Luminex Development
  4. Chemoattractant factors in breast milk from allergic and nonallergic mothers.
    Authors: Bottcher MF, Jenmalm MC, Bjorksten B, Garofalo RP
    Pediatr. Res., 2000;47(5):592-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
    Applications: ELISA Development

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