Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Ancillary Products Available
Human CCL18 / PARC ELISA Standard Curve
1 Image
Product Details
Citations (26)
Supplemental Products
Reviews (1)

Human CCL18/PARC DuoSet ELISA Summary

Assay Type
Solid Phase Sandwich ELISA
96-well strip plate
Sample Volume Required
100 µL
Sufficient Materials
For fifteen 96-well plates*
Please see the product datasheet

* Provided that the recommended microplates, buffers, diluents, substrates and solutions are used, and the assay is run as summarized in the Assay Procedure provided.

This DuoSet ELISA Development kit contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs to measure natural and recombinant human CCL18/PARC. The suggested diluent is suitable for the analysis of most cell culture supernate samples. Diluents for complex matrices, such as serum and plasma, should be evaluated prior to use in this DuoSet.

Product Features

  • Optimized capture and detection antibody pairings with recommended concentrations save lengthy development time
  • Development protocols are provided to guide further assay optimization
  • Assay can be customized to your specific needs
  • Economical alternative to complete kits

Kit Content

  • Capture Antibody
  • Detection Antibody
  • Recombinant Standard
  • Streptavidin conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (Streptavidin-HRP)

Other Reagents Required

DuoSet Ancillary Reagent Kit 2 (5 plates): (Catalog # DY008) containing 96 well microplates, plate sealers, substrate solution, stop solution, plate coating buffer (PBS), wash buffer, and Reagent Diluent Concentrate 2.

The components listed above may be purchased separately:

PBS: (Catalog # DY006), or 137 mM NaCl, 2.7 mM KCl, 8.1 mM Na2HPO4, 1.5 mM KH2PO4, pH 7.2 - 7.4, 0.2 µm filtered

Wash Buffer: (Catalog # WA126), or 0.05% Tween® 20 in PBS, pH 7.2-7.4

Reagent Diluent: (Catalog # DY995), or 1% BSA in PBS, pH 7.2-7.4, 0.2 µm filtered

Substrate Solution: 1:1 mixture of Color Reagent A (H2O2) and Color Reagent B (Tetramethylbenzidine) (Catalog # DY999)

Stop Solution: 2 N H2SO4 (Catalog # DY994)

Microplates: R&D Systems (Catalog # DY990)

Plate Sealers: ELISA Plate Sealers (Catalog # DY992)

Data Example

Human CCL18 / PARC ELISA Standard Curve

Product Datasheets

Preparation and Storage

The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: CCL18/PARC

Pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine (PARC), also known as alternative macrophage activation-associated CC chemokine (AMAC)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-4, and dendritic cell chemokine (DC-CK1), is a novel CC chemokine that is highly homologous to MIP-1 alpha (61% amino acid sequence identity). In vitro, PARC mRNA expression is induced in alternatively activated macrophages by Th2 cytokines such as IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13, and inhibited by IFN-gamma.

Entrez Gene IDs:
6362 (Human)
Alternate Names:
Alternative macrophage activation-associated CC chemokine 1; AMAC-1; AMAC1CC chemokine ligand 18; AMAC-1Small-inducible cytokine A18; CCL18; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (pulmonary and activation-regulated); CKb7; DC-CK1; DC-CK1CC chemokine PARC; DCCK1Macrophage inflammatory protein 4; Dendritic cell chemokine 1; MIP4; MIP-4; MIP-4C-C motif chemokine 18; PARC; PARCPulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine; SCYA18chemokine (C-C), dendritic; small inducible cytokine A18; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 18, pulmonary andactivation-regulated

Assay Procedure


Plate Preparation

  1. Dilute the Capture Antibody to the working concentration in PBS without carrier protein. Immediately coat a 96-well microplate with 100 μL per well of the diluted Capture Antibody. Seal the plate and incubate overnight at room temperature.
  2. Aspirate each well and wash with Wash Buffer, repeating the process two times for a total of three washes. Wash by filling each well with Wash Buffer (400 μL) using a squirt bottle, manifold dispenser, or autowasher. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential for good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or by inverting the plate and blotting it against clean paper towels.
  3. Block plates by adding 300 μL Reagent Diluent to each well. Incubate at room temperature for a minimum of 1 hour.
  4. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2. The plates are now ready for sample addition.

Assay Procedure

  1. Add 100 μL of sample or standards in Reagent Diluent, or an appropriate diluent, per well. Cover with an adhesive strip and incubate 2 hours at room temperature.
  2. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2 of Plate Preparation.
  3. Add 100 μL of the Detection Antibody, diluted in Reagent Diluent, to each well. Cover with a new adhesive strip and incubate 2 hours at room temperature.
  4. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2 of Plate Preparation.
  5. Add 100 μL of the working dilution of Streptavidin-HRP to each well. Cover the plate and incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature. Avoid placing the plate in direct light.
  6. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2.
  7. Add 100 μL of Substrate Solution to each well. Incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature. Avoid placing the plate in direct light.
  8. Add 50 μL of Stop Solution to each well. Gently tap the plate to ensure thorough mixing.
  9. Determine the optical density of each well immediately, using a microplate reader set to 450 nm. If wavelength correction is available, set to 540 nm or 570 nm. If wavelength correction is not available, subtract readings at 540 nm or 570 nm from the readings at 450 nm. This subtraction will correct for optical imperfections in the plate. Readings made directly at 450 nm without correction may be higher and less accurate.

Citations for Human CCL18/PARC DuoSet ELISA

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

26 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
Filter your results:

Filter by:

  1. Reprogramming of profibrotic macrophages for treatment of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis
    Authors: F Zhang, EA Ayaub, B Wang, E Puchulu-Ca, YH Li, SU Hettiarach, SD Lindeman, Q Luo, S Rout, M Srinivasar, A Cox, K Tsoyi, C Nickerson-, IO Rosas, PS Low
    EMBO Mol Med, 2020;0(0):e12034.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  2. Genetic Variation in CCL18 Gene Influences CCL18 Expression and Correlates with Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Part B
    Authors: C Caliskan, B Seeliger, B Jäger, J Fuge, T Welte, O Terwolbeck, J Freise, CHM van Moorse, Y Zhang, A Prasse
    J Clin Med, 2020;9(6):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  3. Intrapulmonary Autoantibodies to HSP72 Are Associated with Improved Outcomes in IPF
    Authors: R Mills, A Mathur, LM Nicol, JJ Walker, AA Przybylski, AC Mackinnon, SEM Howie, WAH Wallace, I Dransfield, N Hirani
    J Immunol Res, 2019;2019(0):1845128.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  4. Distinct Properties of Human M-CSF and GM-CSF Monocyte-Derived Macrophages to Simulate Pathological Lung Conditions In Vitro: Application to Systemic and Inflammatory Disorders with Pulmonary Involvement
    Authors: A Lescoat, A Ballerie, Y Augagneur, C Morzadec, L Vernhet, O Fardel, P Jégo, S Jouneau, V Lecureur
    Int J Mol Sci, 2018;19(3):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  5. Prominent Levels of the Profibrotic Chemokine CCL18 during Peritonitis: In Vitro Downregulation by Vitamin D Receptor Agonists
    Authors: M Ossorio, V Martínez, MA Bajo, G Del Peso, MJ Castro, S Romero, R Selgas, T Bellón
    Biomed Res Int, 2018;2018(0):6415892.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  6. Image based Machine Learning for identification of macrophage subsets
    Authors: HM Rostam, PM Reynolds, MR Alexander, N Gadegaard, AM Ghaemmagha
    Sci Rep, 2017;7(1):3521.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  7. Sustained low peritoneal effluent CCL18 levels are associated with preservation of peritoneal membrane function in peritoneal dialysis
    Authors: M Ossorio, MA Bajo, G Del Peso, V Martínez, M Fernández, MJ Castro, A Rodríguez-, R Madero, T Bellón, R Selgas
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(4):e0175835.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  8. Is serum level of CC chemokine ligand 18 a biomarker for the prediction of radiation induced lung toxicity (RILT)?
    Authors: E Gkika, W Vach, S Adebahr, T Schimeck-J, A Brenner, TB Brunner, K Kaier, A Prasse, J Müller-Que, AL Grosu, G Zissel, U Nestle
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(9):e0185350.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  9. Validating glycoprotein non-metastatic melanoma B (gpNMB, osteoactivin), a new biomarker of Gaucher disease
    Authors: Vagishwari Murugesan
    Blood Cells Mol. Dis, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  10. Macrophage activation in acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
    Authors: Schupp J, Binder H, Jager B, Cillis G, Zissel G, Muller-Quernheim J, Prasse A
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(1):e0116775.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: BALF
  11. Exposure to diesel exhaust particle extracts (DEPe) impairs some polarization markers and functions of human macrophages through activation of AhR and Nrf2.
    Authors: Jaguin M, Fardel O, Lecureur V
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(2):e0116560.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  12. Human B cells induce dendritic cell maturation and favour Th2 polarization by inducing OX-40 ligand.
    Authors: Maddur M, Sharma M, Hegde P, Stephen-Victor E, Pulendran B, Kaveri S, Bayry J
    Nat Commun, 2014;5(0):4092.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  13. Proteome-wide analysis and CXCL4 as a biomarker in systemic sclerosis
    Authors: L van Bon, AJ Affandi, J Broen, RB Christmann, RJ Marijnisse, L Stawski, GA Farina, G Stifano, AL Mathes, M Cossu, M York, C Collins, M Wenink, R Huijbens, R Hesselstra, T Saxne, M DiMarzio, D Wuttge, SK Agarwal, JD Reveille, S Assassi, M Mayes, Y Deng, JP Drenth, J de Graaf, M den Heijer, CG Kallenberg, M Bijl, A Loof, WB van den Be, LA Joosten, V Smith, F de Keyser, R Scorza, C Lunardi, PL van Riel, M Vonk, W van Heerde, S Meller, B Homey, L Beretta, M Roest, M Trojanowsk, R Lafyatis, TR Radstake
    N. Engl. J. Med, 2014;370(5):433-43.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  14. Lung collagens perpetuate pulmonary fibrosis via CD204 and M2 macrophage activation.
    Authors: Stahl M, Schupp J, Jager B, Schmid M, Zissel G, Muller-Quernheim J, Prasse A
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(11):e81382.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  15. Serum level of CC-chemokine ligand 18 is increased in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer and correlates with survival time in adenocarcinomas.
    Authors: Plones T, Krohn A, Burger M, Veelken H, Passlick B, Muller-Quernheim J, Zissel G
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(7):e41746.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  16. Potential biomarkers of osteonecrosis in Gaucher disease.
    Authors: Pavlova EV, Deegan PB, Tindall J, McFarlane I, Mehta A, Hughes D, Wraith JE, Cox TM
    Blood Cells Mol. Dis., 2011;46(1):27-33.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  17. Interferon-gamma reverses the immunosuppressive and protumoral properties and prevents the generation of human tumor-associated macrophages.
    Authors: Duluc D, Corvaisier M, Blanchard S, Catala L, Descamps P, Gamelin E, Ponsoda S, Delneste Y, Hebbar M, Jeannin P
    Int. J. Cancer, 2009;125(2):367-73.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  18. Mature dendritic cells express functional thrombin receptors triggering chemotaxis and CCL18/pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine induction.
    Authors: Li X, Syrovets T, Paskas S, Laumonnier Y, Simmet T
    J. Immunol., 2008;181(2):1215-23.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  19. Inorganic arsenic activates reduced NADPH oxidase in human primary macrophages through a Rho kinase/p38 kinase pathway.
    Authors: Lemarie A, Bourdonnay E, Morzadec C, Fardel O, Vernhet L
    J. Immunol., 2008;180(9):6010-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  20. CCL18 as an indicator of pulmonary fibrotic activity in idiopathic interstitial pneumonias and systemic sclerosis.
    Authors: Prasse A, Pechkovsky DV, Toews GB, Schafer M, Eggeling S, Ludwig C, Germann M, Kollert F, Zissel G, Muller-Quernheim J
    Arthritis Rheum., 2007;56(5):1685-93.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  21. High CCL18/PARC expression in articular cartilage and synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    Authors: Momohara S, Okamoto H, Iwamoto T, Mizumura T, Ikari K, Kawaguchi Y, Takeuchi M, Kamatani N, Tomatsu T
    J. Rheumatol., 2007;34(2):266-71.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Synovial Fluid
  22. Tumor-associated leukemia inhibitory factor and IL-6 skew monocyte differentiation into tumor-associated macrophage-like cells.
    Authors: Duluc D, Delneste Y, Tan F, Moles MP, Grimaud L, Lenoir J, Preisser L, Anegon I, Catala L, Ifrah N, Descamps P, Gamelin E, Gascan H, Hebbar M, Jeannin P
    Blood, 2007;110(13):4319-30.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  23. Diesel exhaust exposure favors TH2 cell recruitment in nonatopic subjects by differentially regulating chemokine production.
    Authors: Chang Y, Senechal S, de Nadai P, Chenivesse C, Gilet J, Vorng H, Legendre B, Tonnel AB, Wallaert B, Lassalle P, Tsicopoulos A
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2006;118(2):354-60.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  24. Induction of prolonged infiltration of T lymphocytes and transient T lymphocyte-dependent collagen deposition in mouse lungs following adenoviral gene transfer of CCL18.
    Authors: Luzina IG, Papadimitriou JC, Anderson R, Pochetuhen K, Atamas SP
    Arthritis Rheum., 2006;54(8):2643-55.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: BALF
  25. CCL18 is expressed in atopic dermatitis and mediates skin homing of human memory T cells.
    Authors: Gunther C, Bello-Fernandez C, Kopp T, Kund J, Carballido-Perrig N, Hinteregger S, Fassl S, Schwarzler C, Lametschwandtner G, Stingl G, Biedermann T, Carballido JM
    J. Immunol., 2005;174(3):1723-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  26. CC chemokine ligand 18, an atopic dermatitis-associated and dendritic cell-derived chemokine, is regulated by staphylococcal products and allergen exposure.
    Authors: Pivarcsi A, Gombert M, Dieu-Nosjean MC, Kubitza R, Meller S, Rieker J, Muller A, Da Cunha L, Haahtela A, Sonkoly E, Fridman WH, Alenius H, Kemeny L, Ruzicka T, Zlotnik A
    J. Immunol., 2004;173(9):5810-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates


No product specific FAQs exist for this product, however you may

View all ELISA FAQs

Reviews for Human CCL18/PARC DuoSet ELISA

Average Rating: 5 (Based on 1 Review)

5 Star
4 Star
3 Star
2 Star
1 Star

Have you used Human CCL18/PARC DuoSet ELISA?

Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.

$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image

$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image

Submit a Review

Filter by:

By Anonymous on 05/22/2017
Application: Sample Tested: Lung tissue